Bio Med - Day 9c Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 9c Deck (38)
1

Best radiology modality for carotid stenosis and DVT

A. CT
B. MRI
C. Duplex ultrasound
D. Ultrasound

C. Duplex ultrasound

2

Best radiology modality for AAA, appendicitis, gallstones, scrotal pathology, and pregnancy

A. CT
B. MRI
C. Duplex ultrasound
D. Ultrasound

D. Ultrasound

3

Best radiology modality for esophageal obstruction

A. Cystoscopy
B. Barium swallow
C. CT scan
D. Ultrasound

B Barium Swallow

4

Best radiology modality for brain/spinal tumor/infection, joint imaging, MS, osteomyelitis, and spinal fracture

A. MRI
B. CT scan
C. Plain Film
D. Ultrasound

A. MRI

5

Best radiology modality for head trauma, intracranial bleed, and nepholithiasis

A. CT with contrast
B. CT without contrast
C. Plain film
D. MRI

B. CT without contrast

6

Conductive hearing loss EXCEPT

A. Cerumen impaction
B. Otitis externa
C. Tumor/mass
D. Presbycusis (age related)

D. Presbycusis (age related)

7

Weber and Rinne test for

A. Influenza
B. Allergic rhinitis
C. Hearing loss
D. Epistaxis

C. Hearing loss

8

Grade 2 Hypertension

A. 130-139/85-89
B. 140-159/90-99
C. 160-179/100-109
D. >180/>110

C. 160-179/100-109

9

Which one can decrease LDL, and increase HDL

A. HMG-CoA reeductase inhibitors ("Statins")
B. Cholesterol absorption inhibitors (Ezetimbe)
C. Vibrates (Gemifibrozil)
D. Bile acid-binding resins
E. Nicotinic acid (Niacin)

E. Nicotinic acid (Niacin)

10

Hypothermia is defined as a core body temp of

A. <40 C (104 F)
B. <37 C (98.6 F)
C. <35 C (95 F)
D. <0 C (32 F)

C. <35 C (95 F)

11

Ketoacidosis is the complication of

A. Type 1 DM
B. Type 2 DM
C. Hyperthyroidism
D. Hypothyroidism

A. Type 1 DM

12

Euthanasia is legal in

A. Washington
B. Oregon
C. Montana
D. Vermont
E. Euthanasia is illegal in all states

E. Euthanasia is illegal in all states


*euthinasia = helping an informed, competent, terminally ill patient end life, usually through the administration of leather dose of medicine. Done by a doctor. Not legal in US.

*physician assisted suicide = Legal in some states in the US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Vermont, New Mexico); Do tour prescribes the drug to the patient to end life themselves.

13

Risk factors for GERD EXCEPT
A. Weight loss
B. Alcohol
C. Caffeine
D. Chocolate

A. Weight loss

14

When LES (lower esophageal sphincter) is weakened, What condition can be expected

GERD

15

Crohn's disease versus ulceritive colitis...what I the major difference.
Both are Inflamatory Bowel Disease

A. Skip lesions
B. Usually involves the rectum
C. Bloody diarrhea
D. Continuous uniform involvement with a "lead pipe" appearance on imaging

A. Skip lesions

16

Lower G.I. bleeding

A. PUD
B. Varicosities
C. Mallory-Weiss syndrome
D. Diverticulosis

D. Diverticulosis

*the other options are due to upper GI bleed

17

Usually present with lower G.I. bleed also can present with severe upper G.I. bleed

A. Hematemesis
B. Melena
C. Hematochezia
D. Hematuria

C. Hematochezia

18

dark sticky feces containing partly digested blood is ______

Melena

19

_________is the passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools (contrast with melena)

Hematochezia

20

Blood in the urine may range from very obvious to microscopic and not visible at all

Hematuria

21

Most common cause of cirrhosis in US

A. Alcohol abuse
B. Hepatitis A and E
C. Hepatitis B and C
D. Cigarette smoking

A. Alcohol abuse

22

Which of the following Cirrhosis symptoms is caused by portal hypertension

A. Spider angioma
B. Gynecomastia
C. Ascites
D. Caput Medusa

D. Caput Medusa

*Caput medusae, also known as palm tree sign, is the appearance of distended and engorged superficial epigastric veins, which are seen radiating from the umbilicus across the abdomen.

23

Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma

A. Alcohol
B. Cigarette smoking
C. HPV infection
D. Exposure to an aniline (rubber) dyes

B. Cigarette smoking

24

Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma

A. Alcohol
B. Cigarette smoking
C. HPV infection
D. Exposure to an aniline (rubber) dyes

B. Cigarette smoking

*cigarette smoking can lead to lung, renal cell, bladder, and cervical cancer

25

Tumor markers for ovarian cancer

A. CA 19-9 pancreatic cancer
B. CA-125 ovarian cancer
C. CEA GI cancer, esp. colon
D. AFP liver cancer, yolk sac (testicular) cancer
E. PSA prostate cance

B. CA-125 ovarian cancer

*tumor makers are sensitive but not specific

26

Eating non-nutritive, nonfood substances (e.g. ice, clay, sand, chalk, soil, paper, metal)

A. Pica
B. Anorexia nervousa
C. Bulimia nervousa
D. Binge eating disorder

A. Pica

27

Temporary amnesia for one's own identity. Typically last hours to days

A. Multiple personality disorder
B. Dissociative fugue
C. Adjustment disorder
D. Conversion disorder

B. Dissociative Fugue

28

When using lithium, _______and ______function must be monitored

A. Liver, Lung
B. Renal, Thyroid
C. Lung, Spleen
D. Bladder, Gallbladder

B. Renal, Thyroid

*has a very narrow therapeutic index

29

Characteristic barking cough

A. Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis)
B. Epiglottis
C. Pertussis
D. Bronchiolitis
E. Cystic fibrosis

A. Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis)

30

With an x-ray the front you "steeple sign" indicates what condition

X-ray Sideview the "thumbprint sign" indicates what condition

Croup

Epiglottitis

31

Which can lead to life-threatening airway obstruction

A. Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis)
B. Epiglottitis
C. Pertussis
D. Bronchiolitis
E. Cystic fibrosis

B. Epiglottitis

32

Croup is a type of respiratory infection caused by what type of infection

Viral

33

Epiglottitis is an inflammation of the epiglottis and is usually caused by what type of infection

Bacterial

34

Due to mutation of the CFTR gene, what condition can happen

A. Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis)
B. Epiglottitis
C. Pertussis
D. Bronchiolitis
E. Cystic fibrosis

E. Cystic fibrosis

35

Phagocytes for internal parasites

A. Neutrophil
B. Esinophil
C. Basophils
D. Monocytes
E. Lymphocytes

B. Esinophil

36

The most common benign breast disorder

A. Fibrocystic changes
B. Fibroadenoma
C. Intraductal papilloma
D. Mastitis
E. Abscess
F. fat necrosis

A. Fibrocystic Changes

37

The most common tumor and menstruating women < 25 years of age

A. Fibrocystic changes
B. Fibroadenoma
C. Intraductal papilloma
D. Mastitis
E. Abscess
F. fat necrosis

B. Fibroadenoma

*A noncancerous breast tumor that most often occurs in young women

38

What four organs comprise the Portal Veinous System

"PISS"

Pancreas
Intestine
Spleen
Stomach