Bio Med - Day 6c Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 6c Deck (32)
1

MCV of Normocytic Anemia

A. MCV < 80fL
B. MCV 80 - 100fL
C. MCV > 100fL
D. MCV > 1000fL

B. MCV 80 - 100fL

2

Microcytic Anemia is due to what

A. Iron deficiency
B. B12 deficiency
C. Folate deficiency
D. Drug toxicity

A. Iron deficiency

3

Megaloblastic anemia is due to what

A. B1 (thiamine) & B2 (riboflavin) deficiency
B. B3 (niacin) &, B5 (pantothenic acid) deficiency
C. B6 (pyridoxine) & B7 (biotin) deficiency
D. B9 (folate) deficiency & B12 (cobalamin) deficiency

D. B9 (folate) deficiency & B12 (cobalamin) deficiency

4

Pernicious anemia is a result of a deficiency of what B vitamin

B12

5

_________ is a protein essential for absorbing B12

Intrinsic Factor

6

What type of Lung Cancer do Non-smoking cancer patients have

Adenocarcinoma

7

Most common leukemia in children

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

8

Most common leukemia in adult

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

9

30 yrs old, previous chemotherapy patient, Auer rods are seen in cytoplasm

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

10

Primarily affects middle-aged patients, previous radiation, BCR-ABL translocation (t9,22), and Philadelphia chromosome is detected by cytology

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)

11

Most common leukemia in older, adult, smudge cells on blood smear

A. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
B. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
C. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

D. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

12

Risk factor for Bladder Cancer

A. Smoking, aniline dyes, schistosomiasis
B. Alcohol, aniline dyes, schistosomiasis
C. Coffee, aniline dyes, schistosomiasis
D. Candy crush, aniline dyes, schistosomiasis

A. Smoking, aniline dyes, schistosomiasis

13

Diagnostic method for prostate cancer EXCEPT

A. DRE (digital rectal exam)
B. PSA (prostate specific antigen)
C. Transrectal biopsy
D. Colonoscopy

D. Colonoscopy

14

Cancer staging system notation system for malignant tumors EXCEPT

A. T
B. N
C. M
D. Z

D. Z

15

Macronutrients EXCEPT

A. Carbohydrates
B. Protein
C. Fat
D. Macrominerals

D. Macrominerals

16

Site of enzyme release for Carbohydrate digestion

A. Mouth & Small Intestine
B. Mouth & Stomach
C. Stomach & Small Intestine
D. Small Intestine & Large Intestine

A. Mouth & Small Intestine

17

Sites of enzyme release for Protein Digestion

A. Mouth & Small Intestine
B. Mouth & Stomach
C. Stomach & Small Intestine
D. Small Intestine & Large Intestine

C. Stomach & Small Intestine

18

Site of enzyme release for Fat digestion

A. Mouth
B. Stomach
C. Small Intestine
D. Large Intestine

C. Small Intestine

19

Small Intestine consists of

A. Jejunum - Ileum - Duodenum
B. Ileum - Jejunum - Duodenum
C. Duodenum - Ileum - Jejunum
D. Duodenum - Jejunum - Ileum

D. Duodenum - Jejunum - Ileum

20

External hemorrhoid

A. Above the pectinate line, Non-painful
B. Below the pectinate line, Painful
C. Above the pectinate line, Painful
D. Below the pectinate line, Non-painful

B. Below the pectinate line, Painful

21

Above pectinate line, Not painful

A. Anal fissure
B. Internal hemorrhoid
C. External hemorrhoid
D. Pain in the Ass

B. Internal hemorrhoid

22

Upper GI and Lower GI division

A. Ampulla of Vater
B. Ligament of Treitz
C. Esophageal sphincter
D. Pyloric sphincter

B. Ligament of Treitz

23

Melena causes stool to be _____ in color because of Upper GI _______

dark
bleed

24

hematochazia is a _______ color stool, usually coming from ______ bleed (ex: hemorrhoid)

bright
Lower GI

25

Inflammatory Bowel Disease refers to which

A. Irritable Bowel Disease Syndrome
B. Crohn's Disease
C. Ulcerative Colitis
D. A & B
E. B & C

E. B & C

26

Inflammatory bowel disease, oral ulcers, involves terminal ileum, colon, skip lesions, abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea, perirectal abscess/fistula

A. Irritable Bowel Disease Syndrome
B. Crohn's Disease
C. Ulcerative Colitis
D. Diverticular disease

B. Crohn's Disease

27

Inflammatory bowel disease, involves the rectum, continuous lesions, abdominal pain with blood diarrhea

A. Irritable Bowel Disease Syndrome
B. Crohn's Disease
C. Ulcerative Colitis
D. Diverticular disease

C. Ulcerative Colitis

28

Northern European ancestry, malabsorption with chronic diarrhea, steatorrhea, weight loss, dermatitis herpetiformis. Biopsy reveals flattening or loss of villi

A. Celiac disease
B. Lactose intolerance
C. Carcinoid Syndrome
D. Irritable bowel syndrome

A. Celiac disease

29

LLQ (left lower quadrant) Pain

A. Pancreatitis
B. Cholecystitis
C. Appendicitis
D. Diverticulitis

D. Diverticulitis

30

Nausea, vomiting, and hardness on the lower right side of the abdomen. Rebound tenderness can be seen with

A. McMurray's sign
B. McMurphy's sign
C. Oppenheim's sign
D. McBurney's sign

D. McBurney's sign

31

AST:ALT = 2:1 or greater

A. Hep A
B. Hep D
C. Hep E
D. Alcoholic liver disease

D. Alcoholic liver disease

32

Iron overload

A. Wilson's disease
B. Kayser-Fleischer rings
C. decrease serum Ceruloplasim
D. Hemochromatosis

D. Hemochromatosis