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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 5a Deck (22)
1

(2 tests) Commonly used in orthopedic examinations to test for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) integrity

Anterior Drawer Test
Lachman Test - more reliable/sensitive

2

Commonly used in orthopedic examinations to test for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) integrity

Posterior Drawer Test

3

What test does the following correspond with:

Pain on external rotation - Medial Meniscus
Pain on internal rotation - Lateral Meniscus

McMurray Test

4

Posterior Drawer sign means what type of injury

PCL injury

5

Pain on the external rotation with McMurray test

A. ACL injury
B. PCL injury
C. Medial Meniscus injury
D. Lateral Meniscus injury

C. Medial Meniscus injury

6

"Unhappy Triad" (ACL, MCL, Medial Meniscus) injury during a football game. Diagnostic imaging

A. MRI
B. CT Scan
C. PET Scan
D. Ultrasound


A. MRI


***good scan for the brain; spine; rotator cuff; joints; soft tissues; knee

7

Shoulder pain after playing tennis, weakness on external rotation, pain upon abduction of arm. Drop-arm test (+)

A. Rotator Cuff Tear
B. Tennis Elbow
C. Golfer Elbow
D. Bicipital Tenosynovitis

A. Rotator Cuff Tear

8

Of all 4 Rotator Cuff muscles, which is most commonly torn

Supraspinatus

9

3 Tests to remember for Rotator Cuff injury

Drop Arm Test
Hawkins-Kennedy Test
Apprehension Test

10

2 Tests to remember for Bicipital Tenosynovitis (remember "YES")

YEgarson's Test
Speed Test

11

Most commonly fractured carpal bone
(Nemonic is "So Long To Pinky", and "Here Comes The Thumb")

A. Scaphoid
B. Lunate
C. Triquetrum
D. Pisiform
E. Hamate

A. Scaphoid



***Lunate dislocation can cause acute Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

***Hamate, if falling on outstretched hand, can cause ulnar nerve injury

12

Sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often durning growth spurt just before puberty

A. Scoliosis
B. Lordosis
C. Kyphosis
D. Herniated Disk

A. Scoliosis

13

Excessive posterior thoracic curvature (Hunchback)

A. Scoliosis
B. Lordosis
C. Kyphosis
D. Herniated Disk

C. Kyphosis

14

Moderate Scoliosis

A. Cobb angle 5-15
B. Cobb angle 20-45
C. Cobb angle > 50
D. Cobb angle > 75

B. Cobb angle 20-45


Cobb angle 5-15 - MILD (can do Konstancin Exercise to help)
Cobb angle 20-45 - MODERATE (Bracing)
Cobb angle > 50 - SEVERE (Surgery)
Cobb angle > 75 - SEVERE

15

Symmetrical joint pain, morning stiffness lasts 60 minutes, fatigue, anorexia

A. Rheumatoid arthritis
B. Osteoarthritis
C. Gout
D. Septic arthritis

A. Rheumatoid arthritis

16

Middle-aged obese man, severe pain, redness, and swelling in big toe. Associated with alcohol and meat consumption

A. Septic arthritis
B. Lyme disease
C. Gout
D. Rheumatoid arthritis

C. Gout

17

T Score for Osteopenia

between -1 to -2.5

18

Hip fracture, vertebral compression fractures, loss of height and progressive thoracic kyphosis, distal radius fractures (Colles' fracture) following minimal trauma

A. Osteopenia
B. Osteoporosis
C. Osteopetrosis
D. Osteomalacia
E. Rickets

B. Osteoporosis

19

Vitamin D deficiency in adult

A. Osteopenia
B. Osteopetrosis
C. Osteomalacia
D. Rickets

C. Osteomalacia

***Vit D Def. in kids = Rickets
***Vit D Def. in adults = Osteomalacia

20

Estrogen can ______ apoptosis (cell suicide)

inhibit

21

PTH ______ calcium in the blood
Calcitonin ________ in the blood

increase
decrease

22

Muscle injury evaluated by

A. Plain x-ray
B. DEXA scan
C. MRI
D. Ultrasound

C. MRI