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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 5c Deck (41)
1

8yo boy, last 7 months, he is easily distracted, difficulty following instructions, disorganization, fidgeting, interrupting others at school and home

A. Autism spectrum disorder
B. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
C. Learning disorder
D. Tic disorder

B. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

2

Mother brings her 18-month-old son to the pediatrician because he is nonverbal. He was born full term and met all milestones. He rarely gestures or points at things, and always plays alone. On exam, he does not respond to his name or make eye contact. A hearing test was normal.

A. Autism spectrum disorder
B. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
C. Learning disorder
D. Tic disorder

A. Autism spectrum disorder

3

Parotitis, Orchitis, Meningitis are complications of what

A. Mumps
B. Measles
C. Rubella
D. German Measles

A. Mumps

4

German (3-day) measles; A contagious viral infection preventable by vaccine and best known by its distinctive red rash

A. Mumps
B. Epidemic parotitis
C. Rubeola
D. Rubella

D. Rubella

5

The causative agent of Whooping cough

A. Epstein-Barr virus
B. Bordetella pertussis
C. Rubella Virus
D. Rotavirus

B. Bordetella pertussis

6

Most common STD

A. Chlamydia
B. Gonorrhea
C. Syphilis
D. HPV

D. HPV

7

Most common STD is ______
Most common viral STD is _____
Most common bacterial STD is ______

HPV
HPV
Chlamydia

8

Which 2 Hepatitis are Fecal-Oral

A & E

9

Which 2 Hepatitis are Blood born

B & C

10

Which 2 Hepatitis are Chronic

B & C

11

What type of Hepatitis can result in death during pregnancy

E

12

Which Hep has vaccine

A & B

13

Which Hepatitis has an abrupt onset (looking for 2 of them)

A & E

14

Incubation for Hep C

14-180 days

15

Incubation for Hep B

45-160

16

Incubation for Hep A

15-60

17

Hep B EXCEPT

A. Incubation: 45-160 days
B. Bloodborne
C. Abrupt onset
D. Vaccine available

C. Abrupt onset

18

Fecal-oral transmission, high mortality in pregnant women

A. Hep A
B. Hep B
C. Hep C
D. Hep D
E. Hep E

E. Hep E

19

Major cause of acute diarrhea int he US

A. Rhinovirus
B. Yellow-fever virus
C. Rotavirus
D. Norovirus

C. Rotavirus

20

Major cause of acute diarrhea in the US

A. Rhinovirus
B. Yellow-fever virus
C. Rotavirus
D. Norovirus

C. Rotavirus

21

Virus that can spread quickly in closed places like daycare centers, nursing homes, cruise ships, schools

A. Rhinovirus
B. Yellow fever virus
C. Rotavirus
D. Norovirus

D. Norovirus

22

The primary target of HIV

A. B cells
B. CD4 helper T cells
C. CD8 cytotoxic T cells
D. Dendritic cell

B. CD4 helper T cells

23

"Super-bug" that is resistant to antibiotics

A. Staphylococcus aureus
B. MRSA
C. Helicobacter pylori
D. Streptococcus pyogenes

B. MRSA

24

Not a sign or symptom of Meningitis

A. Fever
B. Neck Stiffness
C. Mental status change
D. Babinski sign

D. Babinski sign

25

2 signs, PE tests to check for Meningitis

Kernig sign
Brudzinski sign

26

When neck is flexed, knee and hip flex involuntarily

A. Brudzinski sign
B. Babinski test
C. Kernig sign
D. Murphy's sign

A. Brudzinski sign

27

When hip/knee are flexed, inability to straighten the knee

A. Brudzinski sign
B. Babinski test
C. Kerning sign
D. Obturator sign

C. Kerning sign

28

CD4-cell count that indicates HIV-infection person will develop AIDS

A. <200 cells/mm3
B. >300 cells/mm3
C. <400 cells/mm3
D. >500 cell/mm3

A. <200 cells/mm3

29

Blotting procedure for HIV confirmation

A. Southern Blot
B. Northern Blot
C. Western Blot
D. Southwestern Blot

C. Western Blot

***Specific and confirms HIV

***1st: ELIZA is sensitive but not specific

30

Southern Blot is for =
Northern Blot is for =
Western Blot is for =

DNA
RNA
Protein

31

Poor night vision, damage to cornea, dry or cracked skin

A. Vit. A deficiency
B. Vit. B deficiency
C. Vit. C deficiency
D. Vit. D deficiency

A. Vit. A deficiency

32

Hemorrhage, rare except in newborn infants

A. Vit A deficiency
B. Vit D deficiency
C. Vit E deficiency
D. Vit K deficiency

D. Vit K deficiency

33

Dry beriberi, Wet beriberi

A. Vit B1 (thiamin) deficiency
B. Vit B3 (niacin) deficiency
C. Vit B5 (pantothenic) deficiency
D. Vit B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency

A. Vit B1 (thiamin) deficiency


***also leads to Wernicke-Korsakoff

34

Dermatitis + Diarrhea + Dementia (Pellagra)

A. Vit B1 (thiamin) deficiency
B. Vit B3 (niacin) deficiency
C. Vit B5 (pantothenic) deficiency
D. Vit B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency

B. Vit B3 (niacin) deficiency


***sometimes includes death, too

35

Megaloblastic anemia * Pernicious anemia are due to what

A. Vit B1 (thiamin) deficiency
B. Vit B3 (niacin) deficiency
C. Vit B9 (folic acid) deficiency
D. Vit B12 (cobalamin) deficiency

D. Vit B12 (cobalamin) deficiency

36

B9 vs. B12 = deficiency in either can both cause _________
but
B12 (cobalamin) deficiency = _______

This is most commonly seen in _____, ______, and _______

megaloblastic anemia

BUT the difference is that B12 can lead to pernicious anemia as well

Pregnant women/lactating woman, alcoholics
Elderly

37

Scurvy is a disease of what vitamin deficiency

A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

C. C

38

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

A. Vit B1 (thiamine) deficiency
B. Vit B12 (cobalamin) deficiency
C. Vit C deficiency
D. Calcium deficiency

A. Vit B1 (thiamine) deficiency

***s/s = Ataxia, Ophthalmoplegia, confusion

***Korsakoff's = all of the above plus confabulation

39

Rickets in children = Vitamin ____ deficiency

D

40

Herb used for enlarged prostate

Saw Palmetto

41

Herb used for Liver disease

Milk Thistle