Bio Med - Day 4c Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 4c Deck (26)
1

_______ is a disorder of "recurrent" seizures (for example, febrile seizures are NOT _______ )

Epilepsy

2

______ are synchronized, high frequency neuronal firing, with a variety of forms

Seizures

3

What are some causes of seizures

Genetics
Infection
Trauma
Congenital
Metabolic issue
Tumors
Stroke

4

A Partial Seizure is _______ while a Generalized Seizure is ______

Focal (one area of the brain)
Diffuse

5

2 types of Partial Seizures

Simple Partial
Complex Partial

6

5 types of Generalized Seizures

Absence
Myoclonic
Tonic-Clonic
Tonic
Atonic

7

Which is not correct regarding the febrile seizure

A. Simple Febrile Seizure has a short-duration
B. Complex febrile seizure has a long-duration
C. Lumbar Puncture is indicated if there are clinical signs of CNS infection
D. Simple Febrile seizure can lead to an increase risk of epilepsy

D. Simple febrile seizure can lead to an increase risk of epilepsy

8

Case study - child is daydreaming too often, inattentive, blinking, constantly at times, blank staring, lip smacking, lack of response, EEG = 3/second spike and wave discharge. What is the issue: _________

This child has Absence Seizure Disorder

9

Important diagnostic process for Seizures

A. Electroencephalogram (EEG)
B. Electrocardiogram (EKG)
C. Electromyography (EMG)
D. Electro-Acupuncture

A. Electroencephalogram (EEG)

10

Status Epilepticus

A. Continuous seizure more than 30 mins
B. Continuous seizure more than 60 mins
C. Continuous seizure more than 90 mins
D. Continuous seizure more than 120 mins

A. Continuous seizure more than 30 mins

11

Vertigo feels like your ______ is moving

surroundings

12

2 types of Vertigo

Peripheral - inner ear
Central - Brain Stem or Cerebellar

13

Most common cause of Peripheral Vertigo

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo - BPPV

14

Most common cause of Central Vertigo

Stroke

15

A common cause of recurrent Peripheral Vertigo resulting from a dislodged otolith

A. BPPV Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo)
B. Meziere's disease
C. Labyrinthitis
D. Vertebrobasilar Stroke

A. BPPV Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo)

16

_______ = sudden, temporary episodes lasting <1 min

Paroxysmal

17

Most common cause of the central vertigo

Stroke (50%)

18

What is the triad of Meniere's Disease

Vertigo
Tinnitus
Hearing Loss

19

What is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly patients

Alzheimer disease

20

Drug used for Alzheimer disease

Donepezil

21

Donepezil (Aricept) decreases what

A. Acetylcholin-esterase
B. Dopamine-esterase
C. Seraonin-esterase
D. Norepinephrine-esterase

A. Acetylcholin-esterase

22

If a patient shows abrupt changes in symptoms over time rather than a steady decline

A. Alzheimer disease
B. Vascular dementia
C. Pick disease
D. Lewy body dementia

B. Vascular dementia

***this is basically dementia associated with a stroke

23

Risk factors for Vascular dementia

age
hypertension
diabetes
history of stroke

24

Patient presents with significant change in behavior and personality early in the disease...marked by EARLY personality changes

A. Alzheimer disease
B. Pick Disease
C. Lewy body dementia
D. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

B. Pick Disease

25

Dementia, parkinsonism, recurrent visual hallucinations

A. Alzheimer disease
B. Vascular dementia
C. Pick disease
D. Lewy body dementia

D. Lewy body dementia

26

The most common Prion disease

A. Alzheimer disease
B. Pick Disease
C. Lewy body dementia
D. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

D. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease


***Prion is an infectious agent