Bio Med - Day 7a Flashcards Preview

HB Kim Videos > Bio Med - Day 7a > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 7a Deck (28)
1

Infection of the epidermis, usually caused by Staph aureus. Honey-colored, crusted lesions

A. Impetigo (Infection of epidermis)
B. Erysipelas (Infection of the upper dermis)
C. Cellulitis (Infection of the entire dermis and the subcutaneous fat)
D. Necrotizing Fasciitis (Infection of the subcutaneous fat and facia)

A. Impetigo

2

Infection of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, may be associated with an identifiable portal of entry (eg, cuts, tine pedis, animal or insect bites,, ulcers, or injection sites). Warm, erythematous, and tender skin.

A. Impetigo (Infection of epidermis)
B. Erysipelas (Infection of the upper dermis)
C. Cellulitis (Infection of the entire dermis and the subcutaneous fat)
D. Necrotizing Fasciitis (Infection of the subcutaneous fat and facia)

C. Cellulitis (Infection of the entire dermis and the subcutaneous fat)

3

Burns that involves epidermis, and superficial dermis. Red, wet, and painful with blisters.

A. 1st degree
B. 2nd degree
C. 3rd degree
D. 4th degree

B. 2nd degree

4

Red and itchy skin, silvery and scaly plaques on the knees, elbows, gluteal cleft, and scalp, pitting nail.

A. Atopic dermatitis
B. Contact dermatitis
C. Psoriasis
D. Rosacea

C. Psoriasis

5

Irregular areas of complete depigmentation. Caused by autoimmune destruction of melanocytes.

A. Albinism
B. Melasma
C. Vitiligo
D. Acanthosis nigricans

C. Vitiligo

6

Allergic contact dermatitis
(e.g. poison ivy, neomycin, nickel)

A. Type I Hypersensitivity
B. Type II Hypersensitivity
C. Type III Hypersensitivity
D. Type IV Hypersensitivity

D. Type IV Hypersensitivity

*Nemonic for Allergic Reactions: ACID in order of "Type"
Anaphylactic
Cytotoxic
Immune Complex
Delayed Type

7

Characteristic of Eczema EXCEPT

A. Associated with asthma or allergic rhinitis
B. Usually starts on the face in infancy
C. Commonly on skin flexure
D. Pinpoint bleeding when scales are scraped off

D. Pinpoint bleeding when scales are scraped off

8

Characteristic of Psoriasis EXCEPT

A. Commonly on skin flexures
B. Silvery Scaling
C. Auspitz sign (pinpoint bleeding)
D. Nail Pitting

A. Commonly on skin flexures

9

Commonly referred to as hives

A. Verrucae (wart)
B. Urticaria
C. Atopic dermatitis
D. Psoriasis

B. Urticaria

10

Verrucae caused by

A. HSV infection
B. VZV infection
C. HPV infection
D. EBV infection

C. HPV infection

HPV =
2, 4 - common warts (verrucae vulgarism)
6, 11 - genital warts
16, 18 - cervical cancer

11

Anogenital warts are caused by

A. HSV type 6, 11
B. HSV type 16, 18
C. HPV type 6, 11
D. HPV type 16, 18

C. HPV type 6, 11

12

Diaphragmatic irritation may refer pain to the

A. Head
B. Neck & Shoulder
C. Umbilicus
D. Groin

B. Neck & Shoulder

*Phrenic nerve originates the neck (C3-C5), and passes down between the lung between the lung and heart to reach the diaphragm

13

Right Lung has how many lobes?

Right = 3
Left = 2 "left lung has less lobes than right"

14

More common site for inhaled foreign body

A. Right Lung
B. Left Lung
C. Anterior Lung
D. posterior Lung

A. Right Lung

*this is because the Right Bronchus is wider and vertical

15

CO has _____ times greater affinity than oxygen (O2) for hemoglobin (Hb)

A. 1
B. 2
C. 20
D. 200

D. 200

16

Altitude sickness commonly occurs above

A. 8 feet
B. 80 feet
C. 800 feet
D. 8000 feet

D. 8000 feet

17

The imagine test of choice for Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

A. Ultrasound
B. MRI
C. Chest X-ray
D. CTPA (CT pulmonary angiography)

D. CTPA (CT pulmonary angiography)

18

A blood clot that travels within the body

A. Thrombus
B. Embolus
C. Platelets
D. Hemophilia

B. Embolus

* Embolism - "Embarks"; travels through the body

19

Related to scuba diving

A. Thromboembolism
B. Fat embolism
C. Air embolism
D. Amniotic fluid embolism

C. Air embolism

20

Most significant risk factor for COPD

A. Alcohol
B. Cigarette smoking
C. Heroin
D. Bungee Jumping

B. Cigarette smoking

21

Which is an Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A. Asthma
B. Interstitial lung disease
C. Sarcoidosis
D. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

A. Asthma

RESTRICTIVE PD
*Interstitial lung disease; Sarcoidosis; Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

22

Components of COPD

A. Chronic bronchitis + Emphysema
B. Asthma + Chronic bronchitis
C. Emphysema + asthma
D. Asthma + Bronchiectasis

A. Chronic bronchitis + Emphysema

23

How is COPD diagnosed

A. Colonoscopy
B. Endoscopy
C. Spirometry
D. Goniometer

C. Spirometry

24

Pattern of obstructive lung disease

A. FEV1/FVC = 80%
B. FEV1/FVC < 80%
C. FEV1/FVC > 80%
D. FEV1/FVC = 100%

B. FEV1/FVC < 80%

25

Restrictive Pulmonary Disease

A. Asthma
B. Chronic Bronchitis
C. Emphysema
D. Sarcoidosis

D. Sarcoidosis

OBSTRUCTIVE PD
"ACE" = Asthma; Chronic Bronchitis; Emphysema

26

Restrictive lung disease EXCEPT

A. Asbestosis
B. Sarcoidosis
C. Goodpasture syndrome
D. Emphysema

D. Emphysema

27

Chills, high fever, chest pain, cough, and mucus are all signs an symptoms of what

A. Pneumonia
B. Spontaneous pneumothorax
C. Tension pneumothorax
D. Pleural effusion

A. Pneumonia

*acute inflammation of the lung

28

The second-most common cause of lung cancer in the USA

A. Smoking
B. Radon
C. Asbestos
D. Yankee Candle

B. Radon