Bio Med - Day 7c Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 7c Deck (43)
1

Cystoscopy is used for

Bladder

2

PSA levels are tested for

Prostate
normal 4ng per ml
>4 problematic

3

Elevated Creatinine indicates

Kidneys

4

Creatinine

A breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscles
Usually produced at a constant rate in the body

5

Upper Urinary Tract consists of

2 Kidneys and 2 Ureters

6

Lower Urinary Tract consists of

1 Bladder 1 Urethra

7

Upper Urinary Tract Infection

Pyelonephritis: KD infection
Ureteritis: Ureter infection

8

Pyelonephritis and Cystitis

BOTH: Increased Urinary Frequency, Px urination; dysuria, WBC's & bacteria in urine
Pyelonephritis: Flank Px and FEVER

9

Most common Cx of UTI

Ecoli

10

Total Body Water(TBW) =

60%
of 60%: 40% = intracellular fluid (ICF)
20% = extracellular fluid (ECF)
5% = Plasma

11

Normal Blood PH

7.4 average
7.35-7.45 range

12

Acidosis

0-7 so 7.25=acidosis
measures CO2

13

Alkolosis

7-14
base measures HCO3; bicarbonate

14

pH=7.25 rapid shallow breathing

Respiratory Acidosis

15

pH=7.55 vomiting diarrhea

Metabolic Alkolosis
metabolic is more systemic effects various parts

16

Most common type of Kidney sone

Calcium oxalate and Calcium phosphate 80%

17

Radiopaque

can see with X-Ray

18

Radiolucent

Can NOT see on X-Ray

19

Best imaging test for Nephrolithiasis

CT scan
Uric Acid Stones are Radiolucent

20

Types of Kidney Stones and Prevalence

80% Calcium oxalate/Calcium Phosphate: X-Ray
15% Ammonium Magnesium Phosphate: X-Ray
5% Uric Acid: Radiolucent
1% Cystine: X-ray

21

Generic name for Cholesterol drugs usually end in

-statin

22

MOA drug used for Hypercholesterolemia

HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

23

Side effect of Niacin (B3)

facial flushing and itching

24

Beta-agonist for Asthma: Acute exacerbation

Albuterol

25

Pt. taking acetaminophen should report any
bleeding or bruising
nosebleeds
RUQ Px: this symptom is DUE TO?

Liver Toxic Drug

26

Classification of Drug ending in -olol

Beta Blockers

27

HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy

HIV
initiated when Pt presents w
AIDS-defining illness
Low CD4 count<500 cells/mm^3
High viral load

28

HIV turns into AIDS when CD4 is

200
usually start Tx at 500 cells/mm^3

29

Diarrhea w Hx of recent antibiotic use suggests

C-Diff Clostridium difficile

30

C-Diff

a bacteria that can cause Sx ranging from diarrhea to life-threating inflammation in the colon

31

C-DIff Tx

Metronidazole / Oral Vancomycin

32

Shi Licorice intake increases urinary excretion of

Potassiun (K)
fluid retention l/t increased Na decreased K this l/t
HTN

33

Foods rich in Folic Acid EXCEPT
Aspar, Spin, Lentils or Beef?

Beef

34

MOA for NSAIDs

Inhibit Prostaglandins

35

NSAIDs inhibit COX-2

Px, inflammation, fever

36

NSAIDs inhibit COX-1

GI mucosal protection inhibited ie. l/t GI bleed

37

NSAIDs and Aspirin block

COX-1 and COX-2 pathway
s/e GI Bleeding

38

NSAIDs used w caution in people with

Peptic Ulcers

39

Toxicity of Aspirin

Gastric Ulceration
Tinnitus
Risk of Reye Syndrome in children

40

Drug for Chronic Gout

Allopurinol: inhibit production of uric acid

41

Acute Gout

NSAIDs: naproxen, indomethacin
Glucocorticoids
Colchicine

42

Drug that can cause Gout

Diuretics: decrease uric acid excretion
furosemide, hydrochlorotiazide

43

Side effect of ACE inhibitors Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril

A-PRIL
s/e: Cough