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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 2c Deck (44)
1

Complications of DM type 2

Macrovsacular
1. Atherosclrosis
2. CAD - Coronary Artery Disease
3. Stroke

Microvascular
1. Retinopathy - eye
2. Neuphopathy - Kidney
3. Neuropathy - Foot

2

1st drug therapy used for DM type 2

Metformin

3

Patient, whom has been camping recently, has a rash on palms and soles, that spread to their trunk

Rocky Mountain Spotted fever

4

What will a result look like (T score) on the DEXA scan if a patient has Osteoporosis

-2.5 or lower

5

Most common risk factor for Bladder Cancer

Smoking

6

Muscles of the Rotator Cuff

SItS
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
teres minor
Subscapularis

7

First thing you should do if someone faints

Check for responsiveness

8

Dark Blood (Melena; old blood) in the Stool most likely indicates

Gastric Bleeding

9

Fever, tachycardia, chronic cough, bloody sputum, weakness, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes are all symptoms of

TB - Tuberculosis

10

Risk factors for Breast Cancer

Nulligravida (never had a pregnancy); Sister/Mother relative with Breast Cancer; Early Menarche

11

Dermatome of the nipple

T4

12

Dermatome of the Knee

L4 - patella reflex

13

Dermatome of the Achilles

S1 - achilles reflex

14

Bronchoscopy is for examining what structures in the body

Lung; Bronchi; Trachea

15

Endoscopy is for analyzing what structures in the body

Esophagus; Stomach; Duodenum

16

Apex of the hearts located where

5th Intercostal Space

17

MS patient should avoid what type of weather

Hot Weather

18

Side Effect of 1st generation Anti-hystimine (Benadryl)

Drowsiness

19

3 major symptoms of Pre-Eclampsia

Edema; Hypertension; Proteinuria

20

What sets apart Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia

Seizure

21

Informed Consent should include all of the following except:
1. Risk of Treatment
2. Treatment Procedures
3. Alternative to Treatment
4. Payment Methods

4. Payment Methods

22

AST:ALT ratio greater than 2:1 indicates what type of condition

Alcoholic Hepatitis

23

Side effect of overdosing/chronic use of Salicylate (Aspirin)

Tinnitus

24

Most common mode of Hep B and Hep C transmission

Blood

25

Most common mode of transmission for Hep A is

Food and Fecal - Feces laden FOOD

26

Most dangerous Hep for pregnancy

Hep E

27

Signs and Symptoms of Meningitis

Fever; Neck Stiffness; HA

28

Which type of Diabetes is due to autoimmune, pancreatic b-cell destruction, leading to insulin deficiency and abnormal fuel metabolism

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

29

A disfunction of glucose metabolism that is characterized by varying degrees of insulin resistance that may lead to b-cell burnout and insulin dependence

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

30

Complication of Type 1 DM; often a way that Type 1 DM can be diagnosed

DKA - Diabetic ketoacidosis

31

Signs and Symptoms of DKA (8 things to remember)

Excessive thirst
Frequent urination
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain
Weakness or fatigue
Shortness of breath
Fruity-scented breath
Confusion

32

What cells in the pancreas create insulin

B-cells

33

At least one of the following criteria need to be met in order to make a diagnosis of DM:
fasting plasma > or = _____
random plasma > or = _____
two hours post prandial > or = ____
HbA1c ______ or higher

126
200
200
6.5

34

1st drug therapy used for DM type 1

Insulin

35

Condition due to subacute granulomatous inflammation of the large vessels including the aorta, external carotid (especially the temporal branch) and vertebral arteries; commonly seen in females, ages >50

Temporal Arteritis - aka. Giant Cell Arteritis

36

Signs, Symptoms and History of a patient with Temporal Arteritis

HA - uni. or bi-lateral
scalp pain
temporal tenderness
jaw claudication
fever
monocular blindness
weight loss
myalgias/arthralgias esp. in the shoulder and hip

37

3 ways to diagnose Temporal Arteritis

ESR > 50
Ophthalmologic Eval.
Temporal Artery Biopsy

38

What type of treatments are available to patients with Temporal Arteritis

High doses of Prednisone

39

Most feared manifestation of Temporal Arteritis

Blindness

40

Signs and Symptoms of Lyme's disease

***Initial
Red Bull's Eye Rash
Flu Like Symptoms
Facial Nerve Palsy
***Later
Joint arthritis
Cardiac and Neurologic complications

41

Treatment for Lyme's Disease

Doxycycline, ceftriaxone

42

Risk factors for Osteoporosis - things that may lead to it

Smoking
Excessive Alcohol or Caffeine in take
Age
Amenorrhea
Eating disorder
Corticosteroid use

43

Definitive diagnostic method for Bladder cancer

Cystoscopy with biopsy

44

A blood disorder involving less than normal amounts of an oxygen-carrying protein; inherited disease

Thalassemia