Bio Med - Day 6b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 6b Deck (42)
1

iPad = layers of the meninges

i = Brain
P = Pia
a = arachnoid
d = dura

2

2 tests for identifying Meningitis

Kernig
Brudzinski

3

HA started an hour ago, vomiting, "the worst HA of my life", and stiff neck

A. Epidural hematoma
B. Subdural hematoma
C. Subarachnoid hematoma
D. Intracerebral hematoma

C. Subarachnoid hematoma

4

________ hematoma - d/t trauma; s/s includes lucid interval, biconvex lens shape on CT scan

Epidural

5

_______ hematoma is present in the elderly, alcoholics, crescent shape on CT scan

Subdural

6

_______ hemorrhage - trauma, berry aneurysms, abrupt onset, intense painful ________ HA

Subarachnoid
Thunderclap

7

CNS - Central nerve system is

A. Brain & Autonomic
B. Sympathetic & Parasympathetic
C. Brain & Spinal Cord
D. Somatic & Autonomic

C. Brain & Spinal Cord

8

PNS have 2 pathways ______ & _______

the ______ - under conscious control (voluntary)
the ______ - NOT under conscious control (involuntary )

Sensory
Motor
Somatic
Autonomic

9

# of cervical spinal nerves

A. 7 pairs
B. 8 pairs
C. 12 pairs
D. 5 pairs

B. 8 pairs

10

Parasympathetic is responsible for what

A. Pupils dilate
B. Increased heart beat
C. Bronchi dilate
D. Emission of bile

D. Emission of bile

11

_________ system is "Fight or Flight" whereas ______ is "rest and Digest"

Sympathetic
Parasympathetic

12

What system is responsible for erection and ejaculation; "point and shoot"

Parasympathetic & Sympathetic

13

Reflexes are graded on a scale of what

A. 1-5 +
B. 0 - 4+
C. 1 - 1+
D. 0 - 10+

B. 0 - 4+

14

Normal, average DTR

A. 0
B. 1+
C. 2+
D. 3+
E. 4+

C. 2+

15

The Biceps reflex tests for

A. C1, C2
B. C3, C4
C. C5, C6
D. C7, C8

C. C5, C6

16

CN responsible for Biceps ____;
Brachioradialis _____;
Triceps ______

C5
C6
C7

17

Biceps reflex is primarily associated with

A. C5 nerve root
B. C6 nerve root
C. C7 nerve root
D. C8 nerve root

A. C5 nerve root

18

Brachioradialis reflex is primarily associated with

A. C5 nerve root
B. C6 nerve root
C. C7 nerver root
D. C8 nerve root

B. C6 nerve root

19

Patella reflex is primarily associated with

A. L3 nerve root
B. L4 nerve root
C. L5 nerve root
D. S1 nerve root

B. L4 nerve root

20

Patella reflex is primarily associated with

A. L3 nerve root
B. L4 nerve root
C. L5 nerve root
D. S1 nerve root

B. L4 nerve root

21

Achilles reflex is primarily associated with

A. L3 nerve root
B. L4 nerve root
C. L5 nerve root
D. S1 nerve root

D. S1 nerve root

22

Pupillary reactions

A. CN I & II
B. CN II & III
C. CN V & VII
D. CN VII & IX

B. CN II & III

* Afferent = CN II
* Efferent = CN III

23

With ALS, Upper Motor Neuron signs include: _____, ______, ______

Spasticity, Weakness, and (+) Babinski's sign

24

With ALS, Lower Motor Neuron signs include ______, and _______

Muscle atrophy, & Fasciculations

25

With ALS, Bulbar signs include ______, _______, and
_________

Dysarthria
Dysphagia
Tongue fasciculations

26

The Brachial Plexus is a network of nerves. What part of the body does it inervate, and what CNs is it involved with it

Nemonic hint "Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beer"

Roots - Trunk - Division - Cord - Branches

Lower 4 Cervical Nerves (C5, 6, 7, 8) and 1st Thoracic Nerve (T1)

27

After 2+ years of age. Babinski reflex indicates

A. Normal Reflex
B. CNS disorder
C. Knee Pain
D. Plantar Fasciitis

B. CNS disorde

28

Sensorineural hearing loss

A. Cerumen impaction
B. Foreign bodies
C. Otitis Externa
D. Presbycusis

D. Presbycusis

29

The following refer to Blood Cells (vs. Plasma) EXCEPT

A. 45% of blood
B. Supply of Oxygen
C. Circulation of WBC
D. Clotting at sites of injuries of cuts
E. Maintaining the electrolytes and fluid balance

E. Maintaining the electrolytes and fluid balance


* Blood cells = 45%
* Plasma = 55%

30

The following refer to Plasma (vs. Blood cells ) EXCEPT

A. 55% of blood
B. Maintaining the electrolytes and fluid balance
C. Serves as the protein reserve for the body
D. Aids in clotting
E. Supply of Oxygen

E. Supply of Oxygen

31

Life span of RBC is ______;
Life span of WBC is _____; Life span of Platelets is _______

120 days (4 months)
3 - 4 days average
5 - 10 days

32

Life span of RBC in sickle cell anemia

A. No change ( 120 days)
B. Shorter ( 12-15 days)
C. Longer ( 200 - 300 days )
D. Extra Long (1000 - 2000 days)

B. Shorter ( 12-15 days)

33

The most abundant of all the WBCs

A. Neutrophil
B. Basophil
C. Eosinophil
D. Monocyte

A. Neutrophil

*** Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas = nemonic in order of abundance

34

Which WBC is associated with Allergic reaction and parasites

Eosinophil

35

Which WBC engulf or use phagocytosis

Neutrophils and Monocytes

36

WBC that defends against Helminthic (parasitic) infection

Eosinophil

37

A antigen on RBC surface & Anti-B antibody in plasma

A. Blood group A
B. Blood group B
C. Blood group AB
D. Blood group O

A. Blood group A

38

Universal recipient of RBC

A. Blood group AB
B. Blood group A
C. Blood group B
D. Blood group O

A. Blood group AB

39

Universal donor of RBC

A. Blood group AB
B. Blood group A
C. Blood group B
D. Blood group O

D. Blood group O

40

Rh (-) mother in her 2nd pregnancy; Hemolytic anemia in the fetus caused by transplacental transmission of maternal antibodies to fetal RBCs. Could have been prevented by?

A. Rho(D) Immunoglobin
B. Liver Transplant
C. Blood Group O transfusion
D. Consumption of Oreo cookies

A. Rho(D) Immunoglobin

41

The only type of antibody that can cross the placenta in a pregnant woman to help protect her baby (fetus)

A. IgA
B. IgE
C. IgG
D. IgM

C. IgG

42

Antibody that provides Mucous membrane protection

IgA