Bio Med - Day 1c Flashcards Preview

HB Kim Videos > Bio Med - Day 1c > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 1c Deck (40)
1

What general state of ill is marked by a loss of weight, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness, and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively trying to lose weight

Cachexia

2

Conversion of the cell type; The change from one type of cell to another

metaplasia

3

Usually the result of repeated exposure to stomach acid. It’s most often diagnosed in people with long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

barrett's esophagus

4

Cryptosporidium is an organism that most commonly effects what type of patient?
Side Note - signs and symptoms = watery diarrhea; unexpected cough

Very immune compromised patient; Ex: HIV patient

5

The reversible replacement of one differentiated cell type with another mature differentiated cell type

Metaplasia

6

the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer

Hyperplasia

7

Abnormal proliferation of cells; new, uncontrolled growth of cells that is not under physiologic control

Neoplasia

8

the enlargement of an organ or tissue by the proliferation of cells of an abnormal type, as a developmental disorder or an early stage in the development of cancer

Dysplasia

9

Serious acute complication of (mostly) Acute type 1 Diabetes

DKA or Diabetic Ketoacidosis

10

Serious acute complication of (mostly) Acute type 2 Diabetes

HHS or Hyperglycemic Hyrperosmolar State

11

A serious diabetes complication where the body produces excess blood acids (ketones)

DKA or Diabetic Ketoacidosis

12

What does the smell of fruit on a patient indicate

DKA or Diabetic Ketoacidosis

13

Result/Condition of Niacin (B3) deficiency

Pellagra - characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, and mental disturbance, and is often linked to overdependence on corn as a staple food

14

What are the signs and symptoms of Pellagra

Diarrhea; Dermatitis; Dementia; and if not treated can result in Death

15

What are conditions that can result from Vitamin B1 deficiency (Thiamin)

Beriberi; Wernike-Korsakoff syndrome;

16

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Pernicious anemia

17

McBurney's Point refers to

Apendicitis

18

McMurray Test refers to

Meniscus tear

19

Murphy's Sign test is for

Cholecystitis

20

Chronic pain from tennis; either abrupt or subtle injury of the muscle and tendon area around the outside of the elbow

Lateral Epicondylitis

21

Chronic pain from golf; usually caused by overusing the muscles in the forearm that allow you to grip, rotate your arm, and flex your wrist

Medial Epicondylitis

22

Cranial nerve for Balance

VIII

23

Lasix (Furosemide) can deplete what vitamin in the body

Potassium (K); side note: people taking this should eat foods high in K

24

What type of drug is Spironolactone

K sparing diuretic

25

How is HIV/AIDS diagnosed

ELISA - very sensitive test

26

What is the single best way to check Thyroid function

Analysis of TSH levels; High in Hypothyroidism; Low in Hyperthyroidism

27

DEXA scan assesses what

Bone Density

28

BUN levels are evaluated in order to?

See how well your Kidneys are functioning

29

Elevated TSH means

Hypothyroidism

30

The Achilles Reflex test involves which dermatome

S1

31

HEP C transmitted mostly by

blood

32

BMI for Obese patient

Greater than 30

33

Endometriosis is confirmed by

Laparoscopy

34

Endometriosis symptoms

Painful Periods; Heavier Uterine bleeding; pain during intercourse; abnormal periods

35

What scope is used to check the Bladder

Cystoscopy

36

What scope is used to look at the Lungs

Rigid Bronchoscopy

37

What scope is used to check for an Upper GI bleed, all the way to the upper Duodenum

Endoscopy

38

What scope is used to check for Lower GI Bleed amongst other things

Colonoscopy

39

Over the counter pregnancy test checks for

hCG - produced by the Placenta after implantation

40

Most common side effect of Statin

Muscle Pain - Myalgia