Bio Med - Day 9b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 9b Deck (28)

NSAIDS work by inhibiting what

A. Formation of Prostaglandins
B. HMG CoA Reductase
C. Xanthine oxidase production

A. Formation of Prostaglandins

*HMG CoA Reductase = Statin
*Xanthine Oxidase production = Allopurinol
*PDE5 = Viagra


Diazepam (Valium) and Antihistamines can

A. Increase the central depressive effects
B. No negative side effects
C. Cause insomnia
D. Inhibit the action of Diazepam

A. Increase the central depressive effects


"More of the drug will be required to achieve the same effect in the future"

A. Tolerance
B. Physical dependence
C. Withdrawal symptoms
D. Addiction

A. Tolerance


Dependent patterns of drug self administration without making a distinction between physical or psychological dependence

A. Tolerance
B. Physical dependence
C. Withdrawal symptoms
D. Addiction

D. Addiction


Alcohol abuse associated with all the following except

A. Flushed face
B. Spider veins
C. Tremors
D. Palmer Pallor
E. Suicide or violent acts

D. Palmer Pallor


Permissible for a doctor to breach patient confidentiality

A. With a concern for the safety of other specific persons
B. With certain communicable diseases
C. A & B
D. Patient confidentiality should never be breached

C. A & B


Excessive use of corticosteroid can cause any of the following except

A. Moon face, buffalo hump
B. Hirsutism, easy bruising
C. Obesity, abdominal striae
D. exophthalmos, goiter

D. exophthalmos, goiter


Boas' sign is located

A. Right scapula
B. Left scapula
C. Right testicle
D. Left testicle

A. Right Scapula

*related to Cholecystitis


Median nerve innervates all of the following except

A. Palmer aspect of the distal thumb
B. Palmer aspect of the index
C. Palmer aspect of the middle finger
D. Dorsal aspect of the distal middle finger
E. Palmer aspect of the little finger

E. Palmer aspect of the little finger


A normal adult mouth has __________ permanent teeth

A. 20
B. 32
C. 36
D. 40

B. 32

*20 deciduous teeth


Least common symptom of TIA

A. Temporary loss of vision (amarosis fugax)
B. Difficulty speaking (aphasia)
C. Weakness of one side of the body (hemiparesis)
D. Numbness and tingling (Paraesthesia)
E. Impairment of consciousness

E. Impairment of consciousness


"Curtain coming down vertically into the field of vision in one eye"

A. Amaurosis fugax
B. Cataracts
C. Glaucoma
D. Retinal disorders
E. Macular degeneration

A. Amaurosis fugax

*complication/symptom of TIA


A medical emergency that requires prompt advanced life support interventions

A. Ventricular fibrillation
B. Atrial fibrillation
C. Ventricular tachycardia
D. First-degree AV block

A. Ventricular fibrillation


Electrical impulses moves through AV node slower than normal. Heart rate and rhythm are normal. No treatment is generally needed

A. First-degree AV block
B. 2nd° AV block – type 1 (Wenchebach)
C. 2nd° AV block – type 2 (Mobitz II)
D. 3rd° AV block

A. First-degree AV block


Order of electrical impulse in the heart

SA node
AV node
Bundle of Hiss
Pukinje fibers


Tobacco smoking can cause any of the following except

A. Lung cancer
B. bladder cancer
C. Coronary artery disease
D. Spontaneous abortion
E. Seizure disorder

E. Seizure disorder


And spinal disc herniation, the pain often worsens upon________ and is often sharp or stabbing

A. Urination
B. Coughing or sneezing
C. Eating a meal
D. Drinking water

B. Coughing a sneezing


Screening exam for a female over 50 except

A. General check up every year
B. Mammogram every other year
C. Pap smear every three years
D. Abdominal CT scan every year

D. Abdominal CT scan every year


Symptom of Otitis externa except

A. Ear pain
B. Foul smelling discharge
C. Itching and irritation around ear canal
D. Profound hearing loss

D. Profound hearing loss


Structure of the inner ear

A. Ear canal
B. Eardrum
C. Malleus and incus
D. Semicircular Canal and Cochlea

D. Semicircular Canal and Cochlea


Thoracic Outlet Syndrome test

A. Adson's test
B. Apley's scratch test
C. Drop arm test
D. Speed's test

A. Adson's test


System or tract that best described as the complex motor system, including pathways between the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, brain stem and spinal cord, which helps to control muscle tone and to control body movements, especially gross autonomic movements such as walking

A. Ophthalmic track
B. Limbic System
C. Cortical Spinal System
D. Basal Ganglia System

D. Basal Ganglia System


Dermatome that innervates the inguinal area

A. L3
B. T11
C. L1
D. L2

C. L1


Dermatomes are innervated by the _______ root of a single spinal nerve



__________ can occur with peripheral lesions of the CN VII, and central lesions involving the upper motor neurons between the cortex and the pons

Facial Paralysis


Benign tremors are different from Parkinson's because they __________

disappear at rest


__________ and _________ are disorders resulting from an infection that inflames the inner ear or the nerves connecting the inner ear to the brain. This inflammation disrupts the transmission of sensory information from the ear to the brain. Vertigo, dizziness, and difficulties with balance, vision, or hearing may result.

Vestibular neuritis


Purified protein derivative (PPD) or Mantoux test is a diagnostic tool for ___________