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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 8a Deck (30)
1

Osteoporosis screening (best method)

A. CT
B. Ultrasound
C. DEXA
D. X-ray

C. DEXA

*T-score = -2.5 is osteoporosis

2

Colonoscopy for Colon Cancer screening

A. Every year in those >50
B. Every 5 years in those >50
C. Every 10 years in those >50
D. Every 10 years in those >40

C. Every 10 years in those >50

*3rd most common cancer in the US

3

Pap smear for cervical cancer screening

A. Start at menarche
B. Start at 21
C. Start at 75
D. Start at menopause

B. Start at 21

4

Mammogram for breast cancer screening

A. Every year after age 50
B. Every 2 years after age 50
C. Every 5 years after age 50
D. Every 10 years after age 50

B. Every 2 years after age 50

5

#1 cause of death of age <1 years old in US

A. Congenital Malformations
B. Unintentional Injury
C. Cancer
D. Heart disease

A. Congenital Malformations

6

#1 cause of death of age 15-24 years old in US

A. Congenital Malformations
B. Unintentional Injury
C. Cancer
D. Heart disease

B. Unintentional Injury

7

#1 cause of death of age 45-64 years old in US

A. Congenital Malformations
B. Unintentional Injury
C. Cancer
D. Heart disease

C. Cancer

8

#1 cause of death of age 65 years old or older in US

A. Congenital Malformations
B. Unintentional Injury
C. Cancer
D. Heart disease

D. Heart disease

9

Klinefelter Syndrome is

A. XXX
B. XXY
C. XO
D. YYY

B. XXY

Klinefelter Syndrome = Male - 47XXY
Turner Syndrome = Female - 45XO

10

45 XO is what syndrome

A. Turnes's syndrome
B. DiGeorge syndrome
C. Fragile X syndrome
D. Marfan's syndrome

A. Turnes's syndrome

11

Down Syndrome

A. Trisomy 21 - ("Drinking age")
B. Trisomy 18 - ("Election age")
C. Trisomy 13 - ("Puberty age")
D. Turner's syndrome

A. Trisomy 21 - ("Drinking age")

D = Down's syndrome 1:600
E = Edward's syndrome 1:4000
P = Patau's syndrome 1:12000

12

Primary disease prevention

A. Prevent disease occurrence
B. Screening early for disease
C. Treatment to reduce disability from disease
D. Identifying patients at risk of unnecessary treatment protecting from he harm of new interventions

A. Prevent disease occurrence

*Primary = Prevent
*Secondary = Screen
*Tertiary = Treat

13

The Cell Cycle

A. G1-S-G2-Mitosis
B. S-G1-G2-Mitosis
C. G1-G2-S-Mitosis
D. G1-Mitosis-G2-S

A. G1-S-G2-Mitosis

14

Most common site of epistaxis (nose bleed)

A. Anterior
B. Posterior
C. Medial
D. Lateral

A. Anterior

15

The only contraception effecting in protecting against STD

A. Skyla
B. Mireya
C. ParaGard
D. Male Condom

D. Male Condom

16

Contact ophthalmologist immediately for

A. Open-angle glaucoma
B. Closed-angle glaucoma
C. Diabetic retinopathy (most common cause of blindness)
D. Cataracts

B. Closed-angle glaucoma

17

Shortness of breath on supine position, Adema of the legs, fatigue

A. MI
B. CHF
C. PE
D. DVT

B. CHF

18

Innate immunity except

A. Neutrophils
B. Macrophages
C. Monocytes
D. T cells and B cells

D. T cells and B cells

19

T lymphocytes EXCEPT

A. Mediates cellular immune response
B. Cytotoxic T cells expressed CD8
C. Helper T cells express CD4
D. Matured in bone marrow

D. Matured in bone marrow

20

"First do no harm"

A. Autonomy - respect patients choice
B. Beneficence
C. Non-maleficence
D. Justice

C. Non-maleficence

21

Needle breaks below the skin - what should you do

Surgical consultation

22

Parents can't stop minors from getting treatment for

A. Contraception, STDs, Pregnancy
B. Addiction
C. Emergency trauma
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

*sex
*drugs
*rock and roll

23

Hormone from Posterior Pituitary

A. LH & FSH
B. TSH & ACTH
C. GH & Prolactin
D. ADH & Oxytocin

D. ADH & Oxytocin

24

Produced by alpha cells of the pancreas. Raises the concentration of glucose in the blood stream

A. Glucagon
B. Insulin
C. Somatostatin
D. Testosterone

A. Glucagon

Alpha - glucagon 20%
Beta - insulin 70%
Delta - somatostatin 5%

Pancreas - exocrine = digestive enzyme
endocrine = alpha (glucagon), beta (insulin), delta (somatostatin)

Insulin takes glucose away from the blood
Glucagon takes glucose to the blood

25

Myxedema refers to an underachieve what

A. Pancreas
B. Thyroid
C. Kidney
D. Adrenals

B. Thyroid

Thyroid Storm

26

The hormone that treats the Circadian Rhythm sleep wake disorder (often secondary to jet lag or shift work)

A. Melatonin
B. Valerian
C. Hops
D. Chamomile

A. Melatonin

27

Glans of Penis in males is the Homologous structure in female

A. Bartholin's gland in female
B. Clitoris in female
C. Labium minora in female
D. Labium majora in female

B. Clitoris in female

28

55 yo male has BPH, diagnosis may include any of the following EXCEPT

A. PSA
B. Trans-rectal Ultrasonography
C. Digital rectal examination
D. Colonoscopy

D. Colonoscopy

29

Asthma, Hay Fever (allergic rhinitis), food, eczema, Anaphylaxis

A. Type 1 Hypersensitivity
B. Type 2 Hypersensitivity
C. Type 3 Hypersensitivity
D. Type 4 Hypersensitivity

A. Type 1 Hypersensitivity


*IgG = can cross placenta "Girl"
*IgE = allErgic
*IgA = mucous membrane
*IgM = first antibody

30

Occurs in infants and more common in males. Lateral to inferior epigastric artery

A. Hiatal Hernia
B. Indirect inguinal Hernia
C. Direct inguinal Hernia
D. Femoral Hernia

B. Indirect inguinal Hernia

*Medial to Inferior Epigastric Artery = Direct Hernia
*Lateral to Inferior Epigastric Artery = Indirect Hernia