Bio Med - Day 3b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 3b Deck (46)
1

What is the most common inherited bleeding disease

Von Willebrand's Disease

2

What does Hemophilia A arise from

Factor VIII deficiency

3

It is important to remember that Hemophilia is X linked...what does this mean

That the males will more likely inherit the disease

4

An inherited disorder that affects connective tissue

Marfan Syndrome

5

Endometriosis can be visualized by

Laparoscopy

6

The most common cause of infertility in woman >30

Endometriosis

7

Dysmenorrhea, cyclical pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, rectal pain are all signs and symptoms of what condition

Endometriosis

8

Non-cyclic pain, menorrhagia, enlarged uterus (boggy and big) are signs and symptoms of what condition

Adenomyosis

9

Associated with retained products of conception following delivery, miscarriage, abortion of a foreign body such as an IUD

Endometritis - inflammation of the endometrium

10

Most common benign tumor of the female genital track

Fibroids - Uterine Leiomyoma

11

Signs and Symptoms of Uterine cysts

Heavier than normal menstrual bleeding; pressure in the pelvic area (bloating/constipation/rectal pressure and pain); Pain; firm, non-tender, irregular enlarged lumps/bumps in the uterus

12

Risk factors of Aortic Aneurysm

Hypertension
High Cholesterol
Other vascular disease
smoking
family history
gender (males>females)
Age

13

Signs and Symptoms of Aortic Aneurysm

usually asymptomatic, and can accidentally sho up on a scan for something else

Pulsatile Abdominal masses OR abdominal bruits

A ruptured aneurysm leads to hypertension, and severe tearing abdominal pain that radiates to the back

14

Surgical candidate for Aortic Aneurysm

If it is more than 5.5cm for abdomen and 6cm for thoracic

15

Aortic Aneurysm is most commonly associated with what other condition

Artherosclerosis

16

Aortic Dissections are most commonly associated with

Hypertension

17

Asymmetrical Pulses and Blood pressure measurements are indicative of what condition

Aortic Dissection

18

4 muscle of the Rotator Cuff

SItS
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
teres minor
Subscapularis

19

Action of the Supraspinatus

abducts

20

Action of the Infraspinatus

, externally rotates

21

Action of the Subscapularis

adducts, internally rotates

22

What is the Drop Arm Test testing for

Suprispinatus, Rotator Cuff tear

23

What is the Drop Arm Test testing for

Suprispinatus Rotator Cuff tear - must common rotator cuff injury

24

What is the Yergason's Speed Test used to check for

Bicipital Tenosynovitis

25

Name 3 tests that check for rotator cuff injury

Drop Arm Test
Hawkins Kennedy
Apprehension Test

26

Examiner grasps the patient's wrist, and passively abducts it to 90 degrees. Examiner releases the patient's arm with instructions to slowly lower the arm. The patient is unable to lower their arm in a slow/smooth fashion. What test is being done, and what is it testing for

Drop Arm Test

Suprispinatus Tear

27

Cause of Appendicitis

Hypertrophied Lymphoid Tissue
Fecalith
Most patients are between 10-30 years of age
male/female 2:1

28

How will a patient present that has appendicitis

Dull, periumbilical pain lasting 1 - 12 hours that leads to sharp lower left quadrant pain
Nausea
vomiting
fever
anorexia

29

What are some of the signs that look to indicate that a patient is experiencing Appendicitis

McBurney's Sign
Psoas
Obturator
Rovsing's Sign

30

How to diagnose Appendicitis

Clinical Impression - how do they look, and feel
Fever
Leukocytosis
CT Scan with PO and IV contrast and Ultrasound

31

Treatment for a patient that has Appendicitis

Nothing by mouth - NPO
IV hydration
analgesia
antiemetics
antibiotics with gram - coverage
Surgical intervention - Laparoscopy

32

Acute causes of Pelvic Pain "A ROPE"

Appendicitis
Ruptured Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian Torsion/Abscess
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Ectopic Pregnancy

33

What type of pain does Biliary Colic cause

RUQ pain

34

What type of pain does Diverticulitis cause

LLQ pain

35

What are the two type of IBD - Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Crohn's Disease
Ulcerative Colitis

36

Approximately what percentage of people diagnosed with Anorexia are Woman

90 - 95%

37

The current DSM criteria for binge/purge anorexia requires that a person be at least what percentage below body weight

15%

38

Which artery is the main supplier of blood to the body

Aorta

39

Which blood vessels provides blood to the cardiac muscle

Coronary arteries

40

How often should a woman 40 and over get a breast exam and mammography

Yearly

41

Wrist drop is due to palsy of what nerve

Radial Nerve

42

4 muscles that are part of the quadriceps of

Rectus Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis

43

Tumor Marker for - Cancer types: Multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and some lymphomas


Beta-2-microglobulin (B2M)

44

Tumor Marker for - Cancer types: Liver cancer and germ cell tumors

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)

45

Tumor Marker for - Cancer types: Choriocarcinoma and germ cell tumors

Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-hCG)

46

Tumor Marker for - Cancer types: Colorectal cancer and some other cancers

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)