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Flashcards in Cancerous skin lesions Deck (12):
1

what are the two types of skin cancer precursorous lesions?

actinic keratosis
bowens disease

2

what is actinic keratosis?

hyperkeratotic areas on sun exposed skin
can progress to SCC but is uncommon

3

what is bowens disease?

intra epidermal SCC
commonly seen on lower legs of elderly ladies

4

what is the treatment of AK and BD?

photodynamic therapy, imiquimod, efudix

5

what is basal cell cancer?

found mainly on sun exposed sites
slow growing
can be nodular/superficial/multicentric
can have pearly edge/be raised/have telangiectasia
locally invasive and do not metastasise

6

how are basal cell cancers treated?

surgically by excision
or by cryotherapy, PDT, imiquimod

7

what is a squamous cell carcinoma?

most common
can metastasie
surgically excised

8

what increases a persons risk of getting a melanoma?

personal and family histor
multiple nodes
history of excessive sun exposure, sunbed use, multuple burns

9

what can be noted about a lesion that is majorly relevant to melanoma diagnosis?

change in size
change in shape
change in colour

10

what can be noted about a lesion that is minorly relevant to a melanoma diagnosis?

>6mm
bleeding
sensation changes
inflammation

11

how are melanomas treated?

surgical excision
chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy

12

what is used to identify the severity of a mole?

ABCD
a - asymmetry
b - border - is it irregular?
c - colour - is there more than one?
d - diameter - is it over 6mm