Flashcards in Oral Cancer Care Deck (10)
what is mucositis?
acute inflammation of the mucosa
white/yellow fibrinous slough and ulceration with bleeding
what does mucositis cause?
when does it heal?
hard to speak/eat/swallow
cant tolerate prosthesis
heals 2-3 weeks post cancer tx
how to treat mucositis?
soft, bland, non cariogenic diet @ low temp
avoid alcohol and tobacco
how might the salivary glands be affected after cancer tx?
reduced secretions 3/4 days after tx
increases susceptibility to infection
increased risk of demineralisation
dry friable mucosa that cant tolerate prosthesis
what are radiation caries and how do you treat them?
exposed roots suscpetible
daily F/2800 TP
non cariogenic diet
what is osteonecrosis of the jaw?
damage to the bone cells/vessels in bone. Change in endothelial cells = sclerosis of vessels
what is dysgensia?
altered/loss of taste
regained 2-4 months after tx
zinc dietary supplements
what is trismus?
opening of mouth is difficult
occurs 3-6 months after tx
exercise and stretching appliances
how to give chx after cancer tx?
no tb = 3-4x daily
dilute = 10ml MW:10ml water
stagger use of chx/nystatin by at least one hour