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Flashcards in DRUGS Deck (57):
1

what drugs is given for smoking cessation?

champix
bupropion - zyban

2

what are cholesterol lowering drugs?

statins

3

what drugs are used in hypertension?

Beta blockers
diuretics
ACE inhibitors
angiotensin 2 antagonits
calcium channel blockers

4

what drugs are used in angina management?
for symptom control?
cholesterol?
what anti-platelets are given?

- beta blockers, nitrates, nicorandil, calcium agonists
statins
aspirin with or without clopidogrel

5

what is given for heart failure?

diuretics
ACE inhibirots
angiotensin 2 antagonists
beta blockers
digoxin

6

what drug should be given if pt has a metallic heart valve?

warfarin

7

what is given in atrial fibrillation?

Amiodarone
beta blockers
calcium agonists
digoxin

8

what is given in SVT?

amiodarone

9

what drugs can cause MRONJ?

bisphosphonates
anti angiogenics
RANK ligand inhibitors

10

what is used for osteoporosis or metastatic bone disease?

densoumab

11

in pregnancy, avoid high doses of what antibiotic?

metronidazole

12

what drugs is used for angina that might cause oral ulceration?

nicorandil

13

what is used to treat trigeminal neuralgia?

carbamazepine

14

what can be used to treat burning mouth syndrome?

amitryptiline
gabapentin

15

what new treatment is available for sjogrens?

pilocarpine

16

what is given in asthma?

long/short acting beta agonists
inhaled steroids
combi inhlaers
anti leukotrienes

17

what is given in COPD?

asthma meds +
short/long acting antimuscarinics
antimucolytics
O2 at home if severe

18

what is used to treat interstitial lung disease?

prednisolone
immunosuppressants

19

what is given as immediate tx for a DVT/PE?
long term tx?

- low molecular weight heparin
- warfarin

20

what can increase levels of factor VIII?

DDAVP

21

what can inhibit clot breakdown?

tranexamic acid

22

what do you treat idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with?

steroids

23

what are some anticoagulants?

Vit K
antiplatelets
NOAC

24

what is used in prevention of cerebrovascular disease and MI's?

aspirin

25

what is used in prevention of venous thromboembolism after hip or knee surgery?

rivaroxaban

26

what two classes of drugs treat acid suppression?

antacids
gastric acid reduction - histamine receptor antagonists and PPI's

27

what are some anti emetics?

dopamine antagonist
anti histamines
serotonin antagonist

28

what is used to tx GORD?

antacids
PPIs

29

what is used to treat a non acute peptic ulcer?

PPI's and antibiotics

30

what is used in the tx of IBD?

5 aminosalicylic acid preps
immunosuppressants
corticosteroids
biologics

31

what is used to treat functional GI disease?

anti spasmosdics
amitryptiline
SSRI's

32

what is used to treat osteoarthritis?

analgesia
steroid injections

33

what is used to treat rheumatoid and lupus?

DMARDs
steroids
analgesics

34

what is used to tx hyperthyroidism?

anti thyroid drugs
iodine
beta blockers

35

what is used to tx hypothyroidism?

thyroxine
levothyroxine

36

what is used to treat addisons disease?

hydrocortisone - 20mg am/10mg pm
fluorocortisone

37

what is used to tx epilepsy?

phenytoin
carbamazepine
sodium valporate
iamtrogine

38

what is used to treat a tension headache?
prevention?

analgesics
tricylcic antidepressants

39

what is used to tx a migraine?
prevention?

- serotonin antagonist, metoclopramide, analgesia
- amitryptiline, anti epileptics, beta blockers

40

what medications should be put in place after pt has a stroke?

antiplatelets/warfarin/NOAC

41

what is used to treat parkinsons?

dopaminergic drugs

42

what is used to tx essential tremor?

beta blockers
primidone

43

what is used to treat acute MS?

high dose steroids
reduce relapse rate with B interferon

44

what is used to tx acne?

local abrasives
topical and systemic antibiotics
topical vitamin a analouges
isotretinoin

45

what is used to tx rosacea?

isotretinoin
antibiotics

46

what is used to treat dermatophyte?

anti fungals

47

what is used to tx psoriasis?

tar
dithranol
vit D
immunosuppressants

48

what is used to treat pemhigoid/pemhigus?

steroids and immunosuppressants

49

what is used to tx aktinic keratosis and bowens?

imiquimod
efudix

50

what is used to induce IV sedation?

propofol
etomidate
thiopental

51

what inhaled drugs induce and maintain sedation?

nitrous oxide
air and oxygen

52

what is a short acting muscle relaxant?

sumexathonium

53

what is a long acting muscle relaxant?

atracurium

54

what drug can reverse malignant hypothermia?

dantrolene

55

what drugs treat nociceptive pain?

NSAIDs
paracetamol
opiods

56

what drugs treat neuropathic pain?

tricyclic antidepressants, SSRI's, anti convulsants - gabapentin, carbamazepine

57

what drugs treat ARMD?

dietary/vitamin/antioxidants
activated laser
IV - anti VEGF drugs