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Flashcards in CAS Exam 2 Deck (38):
1

Name 4 kinds of Ceremonial Speeches

Toast, Roast, Eulogy, Testimonial

2

Goal of the toast

Pay brief tribute to a person with a wish of continued good fortune.

3

Goal of the roast

Humorously pay tribute to someone without embarrassing them or taking away from their virtues. Humanize them

4

Goal of the eulogy

to praise and celebrate the virtues and personality of the deceased. A time to make sense of death and pay tribute to them family

5

Goal of the testimonial

Highlight someone's achievements, accomplishments and character. Praise values held both by the man of the hour and the audience.

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Persuasion

Inducing someone to believe or do something, especially by reasoning.

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Motivation

To provide with a motive or motives. to impel to action

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deliberative

To persuade an audience to agree with a specific policy proposal aimed at solving a social problem. Weigh pros and cons

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Conversion

Speaker attempts to change audience's beliefs

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Weaken

Speaker attempts to have audience at least question their own beliefs

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Strengthen

Speaker attempts to strengthen existing beliefs. The audience may be uncommitted.

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Inductive Reasoning

Reasoning from particular facts that lead to a general conclusion

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Deductive reasoning

Moving from a general principle through a specific fact to a conclusion

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Red Herring

Introduce an irrelevant topic to divert the audience's attention

15

Camel's Nose

Not having enough evidence to prove that one action will lead to a series of actions eventually culminating in disaster

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Straw Man

The arguer misrepresents his opponents actual position.

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Ad Hominem

One attempts to refute an argument by attacking irrelevant characteristics of the person supporting it.

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False Cause

Saying that one event caused another simply because it happened afterward.

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Substituting sign for cause

One thing causes another simply because they happen together

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False Dilemma

Forces a choice between 2 possibilities while alternatives exist

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Hasty Generalization

Making a conclusion on a population while only studying an insufficient sample size.

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Stacked Evidence

Presents evidence thta supports claim while ignoring any that refutes it

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False Authority

Appealing to an authority that is not properly qualified to present an opinion on the subject

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Circular Arguments

Supporting a claim by merely restating the claim

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Group Decision Making Process Steps (7)

Define and Narrow Problem
Brainstorm Solutions
Establish Criteria for proposed solutions
Conduct Research
Decide Best
Figure out how to implement solution
Prepare the final report

26

Maslow's Heiarchy of Needs (5)

Biological requirements
Physical Safety
Social Needs
Self Esteem
Self Actualization

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Appointed

A person creates and charges the group toward a specific task

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Elected

Chosen by the group itself`

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Emergent

A leader who rises among discussion

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Laissez Faire

Decline taking any serious responisbilities

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Nondirect

avoids dominating the group and encourages self responisbility

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Authortarian

The leader of the group imposes his will agressively

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Democratic

Allowing the entire group to make a decision while facilitating communication

34

Group think

Always thinking that somebody else will take care of it.`

35

Monroe's Motivated Sequence

Attention
Need
Satisfaction
Visualization
Action

36

What does warrant do?

It links the data to the claim

37

Organizational patterns for both persuasive and motivational speeches

Chronological

Problem-Solution

Need-Plan-Advantages

Alternative-Elimination-Residues

38

classical cannons of rhetoric (5)

invention
memory
style
arrangement
delivery