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Flashcards in Geography Midterm 1 Deck (36):
0

What do national parks have the wilderness areas do not

Roads

1

Scenic nationalism

Giving America something to identify with as Europe has the coliseum, etc

2

Models as the first national park

Yellowstone

3

Stephen Mather

First director of NPS 1916-1929

Built park infrastructure to get as many people in as possible

4

Facade nature

Creating nature for tourism
Stocking creeks, killing predators, feeding bears, Yosemite firefall

5

George Mendez wright

First national park biologist

Manage parks as an ecosystem standard

6

1963 starker leap old report

Recreate national parks to their original state. Reintroduction of wolves

7

Aldo leopold

1886 worked to kill predators originally until he learned to think like a mountain

8

Frank Waugh

1917 landscape architect saw the recreational potential of forests

9

Arthur carhart

Decided the best thing to do with a national forest/park is NOTHING

10

Louis Agassiz

Proposed the ice age in 1837. The idea that man is only a small part if works history

11

Game management

Manipulating the environment to help animals. Aldo leopold

12

Wilderness society

1935 first to protect wilderness areas

13

Wilderness act

1964 domestic animals can graze in wilderness

14

John muir

The early industrialist left blind and then drawn to nature. Becomes chief advocate for Yosemite and founds the Sierra club

15

Hetch hetchy controversy

1906-1913 can you build a dam in a national park. We need an organization to oversee these parks

16

Mary hemenway

Blames consumers for buying bird hats, not hunters. She formed the Audubon society

17

Why were middle class woman for social reform?

Home makers of the human race

18

Lacy act

1900 prohibited transportation of illegally killed wildlife

Precursor to the 1973 endangered species act

19

Genesis 1

Humans dominate works

20

Genesis 2

Humans keep and tend the world

21

Genesis 3

Humans expelled from
Eden and are to regain the wilderness to recreate Eden

22

Francis bacon

Gain innocence via religion
Gain dominion via science

23

Isaac newton

Believed earth to be mechanical

24

John Locke

Commodification of all things
Capitalism
People have rights to property that they work

25

Liebigs law

Growth controlled by scarcest resource

26

Cohokia

The ancient st Louis

27

How were native Americans now so nature loving?

Jumping the bull
Extinction of large megafauna
Burning forests
Large cities

28

Why is the Pocahontas idea of natives bad?

Dehumanization of natives

29

Where did scientific forestry come from?

Europe's need of wood in the 1700s

30

What is the doctrine of scientific forestry?

To get the most product

31

George Perkins marsh

1801-1882

32

George Perkins marsh

Lawyer congress Dartmouth

The global man who saw European need for resources and brought ideals to USA.

33

Author of man and nature

George perkins marsh

34

Who started the adirondack park and why?

George Perkins marsh in order to save the Hudson river.

UTILITARIAN CONSERVATION

35

Gifford Pinchot

Wealthy Yale
Studied scientific forestry in Europe
Wanted to treat forests as crops in the department of agriculture