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Flashcards in Larch065 Exam 3 Deck (45):
1

Globalization

A multi-faceted term meaning different things to different people. Those who gain have a positive view and those who lose have a negative view.

2

3 archetype global cities

London, Tokyo, and New York

3

Elements of first tier global cities (3)

Large financial district
Neglected Areas
Polarized class system
-Service sector and financial

4

Residential Area of Global Cities (4)

Luxury/gentrified
Suburban
Tenement
Abandoned

5

Economic elements of Global Cities (3)

Finance with abstract goods
Production area
Informal Sector (Vendors)

6

Built Environment of Global Cities (4)

Gated Cities (Citadel)
Guards
Edge cities surrounding metro
Immigrant Section

7

4 homogenized things of globalization

law, food, films, culture, the
way we live

8

3 transportation areas in global cities

Asian, American, Western European

9

Demographics of global VS Second tier Cities

First: Older population needing care
Second: Younger population needing employment

10

4 Elements of Second Tier Cities

Lack of resources
Lack of control
Major regional powers
Ahead of 1st tier in Manufacturing sector
- More exports than imports

11

2 reasons to study second tier cities

Beginning to influence global culture
Increasing presence of large stock exchanges (Sao Paulo and Mumbai)

12

3 zones in second tier cities

Warzone
glamour Zone
Beehive

13

War Zone

Abandoned
Favellas
Slums
Lack of Infrastructure

14

Glamor

Money
Power
Infrastructure
Center
Highly Designed
Indistinguishable from other world cities

15

Beehive

Tenement housing
Lack of infrastructure
High Density

16

Colonialism

One group dominating another

17

Imperialism

The political/economic element of colonialism

18

Discuss Mercantile Colonialism (3)

Higher Nations taking commodities without indigenous profiting
Non-permanent structures
Dissolved after World War 2 - colonies gaining independence
Also ended during late 18th century

19

Discuss Industrial Colonialism (5)

Acquisition of territory
Setting down roots for colonies
Hierarchy spatial pattern
Cantonment lines separating old and new city
Increasing Demand of raw resources

20

Did industrial colonialism or mercantile colonialism create hybrid identities

Industrial due to interdependent economic systems

21

3 Elements of late colonialism

 Growth of urban areas
 Grandiose colonial architecture
 Demographic shifts in certain colonies

22

5 elements of early independences

 Colonies in Asia and Africa witnessed successful
independence movements
 Colony to Empire migration
 Rise of the informal sector
 Multinational capital
 Rise of the feminized work force

23

3 elements of colonial Delhi

 Central position with
respect to transportation
networks
 Historic association with
previous Indian rulers
 Visual connections with
the Old City, Jama Masjid,
Indraprastha

24

Cantonment Line

 Policy of segregation
 Indian troops (south)
 British troops (north)
 British officer’s quarters (in-between)
 Presence of sanitary/security zone

25

4 Elements of the civil lines

 Political, administrative, and residential area
 Reliance on early European models of urbanization
 Government house built on the highest point in the
city – temple of imperial power
 City layout related to technology – car, phone –
dependent on a Western Industrial State

26

3 Elements of indigenous sector of Delhi

 Dense, organic pattern
 Separated from the new city
 Less resources

27

4 elements of race, space, and place in Delhi

 Existence of a highly stratified society
 The “Warrant of Precedence”
 Distinctions between – Europeans, Indians, Anglo-
Indian
 Distinctions between – official and non-official

28

New Delhi Economic institutions

 Geared towards the need of the Europeans
 Distinction between shops that catered to the British
and the Indians
 Diffusion of culture
 Change in traditional lifestyles
 The hotel as an institution

29

New Delhi Social spatial structure

 Divided city
 Control over the environment
 Control over social structure
 Control over the process of allocation

30

Rajpath - kings way planners

Edwin Lutyens and
Herbert Baker

31

4 elements of Rajpath

 Rajpath as theatre, as durbar
 Rajpath as the center of display, of performance
 Rajpath as the reflection of British discipline and
rationality
- Greek and roman influence

32

Why did Chinese move to America?

Gold Rush a Domestic problems in China

33

Name 4 reasons Chinese came to America

Drought
Population explosion
Opium War
Traveled culture

34

Hybrid

Developing a new culture or environment from existing cultures

35

Elements of China towns (8)

Adjacent to CBDs
Forbidden to own property
Language Barrier
Bachelor Cities
Mixed use
Chinese signage to American stock
Temporary
Lack of resources

36

Primary role of women in China Towns

Prostitution to serve bachelor society

37

What kind of housing dominated China Towns

Hotel like SROs

38

4 Themes of Border Cities

 Economic development
 Immigration
 Violence
 Environmental degradation

39

Dominant Settlement pattern in border cities

Colonias

40

2 Reasons for the development of Maquiladoras

Lax Mexican drug laws
cheap Mexican Labor

41

3 elements of NAFTA

USA can compete in global manufacturing
Helps upper/middle class more than lower
Lower classes bear the hit

42

Why did the Bracero program start and end?

Lack of male work force due to WWII and agricultural needs
ended due to poor working conditions

43

2 Negative attributes of immigration

Drain on public services
Taking away jobs in tough economy

44

2 Positive attributes of immigration

Low Wage roles filled
High wage educated immigrants

45

4 elements of colonias

Lack housing/infrastructure regulation
In Texas
Close, but not too close to city
Impoverished workforce can have residence.