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Flashcards in Geo 030 Final Deck (107):
1

Antiquities Act

1906 Presidents make geological wonders national monuments

2

Rexford Tugwell and the Resettlement Admin

Relocate farmers in Dust Bowl to conserve Ag

3

ML Wilson

USDA school of philosophy in build self-confident farmers.

4

1907 Fulton Amendment

Creation of National Parks is pushed from president to congress in reaction to midnight reserves

5

James Scott's Wisdom

Favor reversibility

6

Negative effects of Scientific Forestry

Buildup, Erosion, Monocrop, Insect plagues, Fires, High quality trees. Easy counting

7

George Perkins Marsh

Spent time in Europe in the 1800s and saw need for UTILITARIAN CONSERVATION

8

Man and Nature

George Perkins Marsh

9

Who started Adirondack Park?

George Perkins Marsh

10

Gifford Pinchot

Wealthy Yale boy who studied scientific forestry in Europe

11

Who moved DOF to the USDA

Pinchot

12

Liebig's Law

Growth controlled by scarcest resource

13

Cohokia

Modern Day St. Louis

14

Genisis 1

Humans dominate Earth

15

Genisis 2

Humans (Adam) tend the Earth

16

Genisis 3

Expulsion from Eden

17

Francis Bacon

Innocence via Religion
Dominion Via Science MASTER NATURE

18

Isaac Newton

Mechanical Earth

19

John Locke

Commodification of all things. You ownt he land you work

20

John Muir

The previous industrialist who becomes blind and founds Sierra Club

21

What park and controversy did Muir Deal with

Hetch Hetchy and Yosemite

22

Mary Hemenway

Audobon Society and Bird Hats

23

Lacey Act 1900 and what did start

Prohibited transportation of illegally killed wildlife. 1973 Endangered Species Act

24

Frank Waugh

1917 LARCH who saw recreation potential is parks.

25

Arthur Carhart

Hired to do Trapper's Lake, CO and said to do NOTHING

26

Game management and who created it?

Manipulating environment to help animals. Aldo Leopold

27

Who proposed the Ice Age in 1837

Louis Agassiz

28

Wilderness society

Protect wilderness - roadless areas

29

Domestic animals can graze in wilderness

Wilderness act 1964

30

The land ethic

1949 Aldo Leopold the complexity of the land and how people, not the go Ernest should take care of it

31

William Douglas

Sierra club vs Morton. Rivers can be defended in court.

32

Scenic nationalism

Giving America recreation to compete with Europe via national parks

33

Louis Agassiz

proposed idea of ice age 1837

34

what did the wilderness society do in 1935

fire to protect wilderness (roadless wilderness) areas

35

wilderness act 1964

animals can graze in wilderness (domestic)

36

What are these ideas from
- the use of land needs economic value
- we have only made soils worse
- land holds the ethics, not the government

aldo Leopold in The Land Ethic

37

Inanimate objects should be protected in court

Regulation favors industry

sierra club vs morton william douglas

38

Model of national parks?

Yellowstone

39

Who favored park infrastructure

Stephen Mater as first director of NPS

40

Name 4 Examples of Facade Nature

stocking creeks
fedding bears
killing animals and predators
The yellowstone firefall (yosemite)

41

What did George Mendez Wright want?

manage parks scientifically as an ecosystem standard

42

1963 STARKAR Leopold Report

Recreate national parks toward their original state and reintroduce predators

43

Man always interacts with nature

George Perkins Marsh

44

Who put the borough of Forestry into the USDA?

Pinchot

45

What did Richard Eli Want

To bring conservation to agriculture

46

ML Wilson wants

Rural boys with self confidence

47

Who said Power=Knowledge?

Michael focoult

48

When were wolves reintroduced?

1995

49

Lacey Act

Prohibited interstate transportation of illegally killed wildlife

50

What was a New Deal method to enact agricultural democracy?

schools of philosophy

51

TVA 1933

Dam projects giving electric to much of rural Tennessee

52

1933 CCC

Young men make roads in National Parls

53

Soil conservation Service 1935

contour strip cropping

54

Who is Alice Hamilton

The first industrial toxin scientist

55

Who is Jane Addams

She helped inner city and immigrants with learning programs

56

What is Riverside Illinois?

The original MANOR LIKE SUBURBS

57

What program lead to mass production of suburbs?

Vets emergency housing program

58

chemical warfare-->chemical farming example

aynhydrous ammonia fertilizer

59

What is sginificant about the 1956 inetrstate highway act?

it was funded 90% by FED 10% by GM

60

Hugh Moore 1954

Invented Dixie cups and The idea of a population bomb

61

Thomas Mathus

1798 principle of population the world can only sustain so many people

62

Margaret Sanger

Champion of birth control in 1960

63

What was so significant about the A BOMB

People finally realized the massive effect or destruction people can have on the world.

64

Fairfeild Osborne

1948 our plundered planet said if we continue on this path we will end mankind

65

Strontium 90

Heavy carcinogenic metal coming from nucelar bombs

66

Eugene Odum

developed the idea of an all inclusive ecosystem

67

Rachel Carson

1952 Silent Spring started the modern environmental movement

68

1976 NAT FOREST management act

Stop clearcutting
Increase emphasis of outdoor recreation

69

1972 roadless aerea review

Jimmy carter wanted it revised due to what we considered wildnerness areas. Previously believed only areas where humans had no interaction PURITY POLICY

70

1976 Federal Land Policy and management act

Bureau of land management oversees leftover land MINING GRAZING TIMBER unchallanged until this point

71

What was seen as an overreach of the FED and what did it lead to

federal land policy and management act
the 1979 Sage Brush Rebellion

72

How did Reagan view the environmental movement?

He said the problems were overblown and saw conservationists as extremists

73

Where did James Watt work and What 2 things did he say?

Security of Interior
DRILL MORE MINE MORE CUT MORE
GET RID OF EPA ITS LIBERALS VS AMERICANS

74

Who is Dave Foremon and what did he inspire?

Earth First REPUBLICAN CONSERVATIONIST
Tree sits
1981 Glen Canyon Dam demonstration
Tree spiking

75

Northern Spotted Owl

Threatened in 1990 and used Endangered Species act to protect forests

76

Northern Spotted Owl and ecnonomy?

JOBS VS ENVIRONMENT OWL

77

What did the 1997 Kyoto policy ask?

To reduce emissions USA did not sign

78

Geronimo Trail Fire

in 1991 showed that USFS shouldn't surpress fires

79

What is the Malpai Borderlands an exmaple of

Government and private owning land but not managing well

80

What did Jim Corbett and Drum Hadley argue about in what meeting?

In the Malpai Bordelands meetins they argued GOV
- let grasslands become shrublands
- suburban development

81

Lyn Jacobs

1992 Ranching destroying the west

82

Hwo to solve the tragedy of the commons...?

save land through privitization or big gov?

83

What movement did the sage brush rebellion inspire

the wise use movement

84

Who bought the largest peice of private land and what was it called?

Nature conservancy bought gray ranch

85

What idea did grey ranch inspire

the biosphere reserve model

86

What 3 areas are in the biosphere reserve model?

ungrazed
limited grazing
range for livestock

87

What is a conservation Easement?

Private landowners giving property to third parties to conserve in order to receive tax breaks

88

What are grassbanks manage by?

A third party and make
-prescribed burns
- landowner educatiuon
- conserve easement
- watershed restoration
- take care of invasive species

89

What happen in 1981 to Purity Pricing

Regulation was taken of milk prices

90

What is a CAF and 3 things they do?

CONFINED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS
- 1 company does all processing
- Reduces Labor
- Give animals antibitotics

91

RBGH and its significance

Bovine growth hormone made by monsanto
- it is banned in many places and definitely ahrms animals, but not humans

92

Organic Valley Co-ops 1988

Members set standards for operations and SET PRICES not TAKE PRICES

93

Horizon organics

CAF style organic operation

94

2010 organic grazing rule

livestock must remain outside. this stopped large agro business to not be able to step into organics so easily

95

community supported agriculture

consumers invest in their local farmers to share risk

96

Love Canal

Starts the 1980 superfund law when a school is built over a superfund site

97

What does the superfund act do?

Gatehrs taxes from potential SUPERFUND sites to fund cleanup of others

98

"Black Love Canal"

Warren County, NC

99

What is the precautionary principle?

How do we limit harm instead of tolerate it?

100

Majora Carter

Turned South Bronx into an environmentally friendly area

101

What did the national environmental policy act of 1970 require?

Environmental impact statements must be submitted for all federally funded sites

102

What is mastistis and what does it come from

utter infection that routes from RBGH

103

Which species was the surpreme court test case that provided interpretation of the Endangered Species Act?

Snail Darter

104

What book did Robert Bullard Author?

Dumping in Dixie

105

IPCC

2007 report scientists agree that global warming is real and human induced

106

suante Archeiuius

Discovered the greenhouse affect and thought it would eb a good thing

107

What banned the use of CFCs and what was the year

The Montreal Protocol of 1987