Soc001 Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Soc001 Exam 2 Deck (68)
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1
Q

concept

A

a concept is a label given to things that are similar to each other

2
Q

variable

A

a concept that a researcher has a specific interest in

3
Q

examples of attributes

A

male/female are two attributes of the variable gender

4
Q

independent variable

A

influences the dependent variable

5
Q

dependent variable

A

the variable influenced by the independent variable

6
Q

variable that vary in the same direction

A

positive relationship

7
Q

variables that vary in opposite direction

A

negative relationship

8
Q

who wrote the artcile on social disorganization and rural communities

A

osgood and chambers

9
Q

social siorganization theory

A

strong networks of social relationships prevent crime and delinquency

10
Q

hypothesis concerning residential instability

A

juvenile violence will incerase as residential instability increases

11
Q

residential instability

A

when the population of an area is constantly chnaging

12
Q

why is ethnic diversity a problem

A

adults are unable to communicate with one another

13
Q

what is family disruption and why is it a problem

A

when there are more children than oarents in the community and the parents can’t take care of the chilldren. they can’t supervise themq

14
Q

how to title a table

A

dependent BY independent varaible

15
Q

which variable goes in cloumns of table

A

independent

16
Q

which variable goes in rows of table

A

dependent variable

17
Q

where should precentages go in a table

A

down the column

18
Q

how do you measure youth violence

A

arrest rates for persons aged 11-17 for murder, rape, robbery, etc

19
Q

how do you measure residential instability

A

proportion of housholds that have moved from another dwelling in the past 5 uears

20
Q

how do you measure family disruption

A

Family disruption was indexed by (the number of) female-headed households (in the county), expressed as a proportion of all households with children.

21
Q

content analysis

A

scrutiny of the text, its author, and the time it was written

22
Q

observational research

A

when researchers view their specimen in their natural environment, not a lab

23
Q

phrasing a survey

A

treat your readers like 7th graders

24
Q

double negatives

A

do you hate me or not?

25
Q

double barreled

A

do you like ice cream and your favorite dog?

26
Q

loaded

A

do you agree witht he democrats that the republicans do suck

27
Q

marathon

A

what do you think we should do on campus, make the kids study, if we do this blah blah blah

28
Q

howthorne effect

A

simply knowing that you are being studied skews your answers

29
Q

unobstrusive methods

A

studying people without them knowing it

30
Q

artifacts

A

draw9ing conclusions about poeople from there things

31
Q

existing statistics

A

using us census data

32
Q

name 3 unobtrusive methods for research

A

artifacts, exisiting statistics, content analysis

33
Q

informed consent

A

consent received from participant once they know the benefits and harms of project

34
Q

IRB

A

institutional review board that makes sure researchewrs have put enougb thought into their work

35
Q

cultural diffusion and example

A

things adopted by other cultures

americans eating sushi

36
Q

cultural leveling

A

when you experience many areas eating cheeseburgers

37
Q

subculture example

A

amish

38
Q

counter culture example

A

KKK

39
Q

idioculture and example

A

when small groups have their own culture such a little league baseball teams or classrooms

40
Q

5 parts of non material culture

A
symbols
values
beliefs
language
norms
41
Q

symbol

A

$

42
Q

value

A

hard work

43
Q

belief

A

men are stronger than women

44
Q

culture as product of action

A

culture is made by people doing things

45
Q

culture as conditioning element

A

culture shapes the way our future actions occur

46
Q

achieved status

A

being a doctor or spouse

47
Q

ascribed status

A

sex, race, ethnicity

48
Q

examples of primary group

A

small informal groups like friends and family

49
Q

examples of secondary groups

A

larger formal groups like univiersities or nations

50
Q

master status definition and example

A

when somebody is expected to act a certain way because of a very distinct group
EX: a black doctor

51
Q

roles

A

sum total of expectations about behavior strributed to a specific social status

52
Q

role conflict

A

when demands of different roles clash

53
Q

status

A

position one holds in a social structure

54
Q

status inconsistency

A

when an individual occupys multiple statuses that do not mesh wioth social expectations

55
Q

name 4 attributes of institutions

A

conservative
change slowly
interdependent
differ from one society to another

56
Q

what is the difference between a social structure and institution

A

an institution is a set of ideas about how social structures ought to be organized

57
Q

examples of institutions vs social structures

A

institutions: military or education

social structure: preschool elementary

58
Q

how does a social institution survive

A

by remaining self sufficient

59
Q

how does an institution remain self sufficient

A

getting new members, avoiding enemies, etc

60
Q

society

A

the totality of people and social relations in a given geographic space

61
Q

code of the streets

A

a set of interpersonal behavior rules that govern personal behavior and violence

62
Q

street belief in police

A

represent a white dominant society that doesn’t care about the inner city

63
Q

decent belief of police

A

decents have some belief in mainstream society

64
Q

is the code of the streets a dub culture?

A

no, a counter culture

65
Q

jackets, sneakers, god jewelry also show

A

a willingness to possess things requiring defense

66
Q

juice

A

respect

67
Q

operationalize

A

creating variables that can be attached to concept

68
Q

attribute

A

values the variable can take