Soc001 Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Soc001 Exam 2 Deck (68):
1

concept

a concept is a label given to things that are similar to each other

2

variable

a concept that a researcher has a specific interest in

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examples of attributes

male/female are two attributes of the variable gender

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independent variable

influences the dependent variable

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dependent variable

the variable influenced by the independent variable

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variable that vary in the same direction

positive relationship

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variables that vary in opposite direction

negative relationship

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who wrote the artcile on social disorganization and rural communities

osgood and chambers

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social siorganization theory

strong networks of social relationships prevent crime and delinquency

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hypothesis concerning residential instability

juvenile violence will incerase as residential instability increases

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residential instability

when the population of an area is constantly chnaging

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why is ethnic diversity a problem

adults are unable to communicate with one another

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what is family disruption and why is it a problem

when there are more children than oarents in the community and the parents can't take care of the chilldren. they can't supervise themq

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how to title a table

dependent BY independent varaible

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which variable goes in cloumns of table

independent

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which variable goes in rows of table

dependent variable

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where should precentages go in a table

down the column

18

how do you measure youth violence

arrest rates for persons aged 11-17 for murder, rape, robbery, etc

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how do you measure residential instability

proportion of housholds that have moved from another dwelling in the past 5 uears

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how do you measure family disruption

Family disruption was indexed by (the number of) female-headed households (in the county), expressed as a proportion of all households with children.

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content analysis

scrutiny of the text, its author, and the time it was written

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observational research

when researchers view their specimen in their natural environment, not a lab

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phrasing a survey

treat your readers like 7th graders

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double negatives

do you hate me or not?

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double barreled

do you like ice cream and your favorite dog?

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loaded

do you agree witht he democrats that the republicans do suck

27

marathon

what do you think we should do on campus, make the kids study, if we do this blah blah blah

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howthorne effect

simply knowing that you are being studied skews your answers

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unobstrusive methods

studying people without them knowing it

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artifacts

draw9ing conclusions about poeople from there things

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existing statistics

using us census data

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name 3 unobtrusive methods for research

artifacts, exisiting statistics, content analysis

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informed consent

consent received from participant once they know the benefits and harms of project

34

IRB

institutional review board that makes sure researchewrs have put enougb thought into their work

35

cultural diffusion and example

things adopted by other cultures
americans eating sushi

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cultural leveling

when you experience many areas eating cheeseburgers

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subculture example

amish

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counter culture example

KKK

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idioculture and example

when small groups have their own culture such a little league baseball teams or classrooms

40

5 parts of non material culture

symbols
values
beliefs
language
norms

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symbol

$

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value

hard work

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belief

men are stronger than women

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culture as product of action

culture is made by people doing things

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culture as conditioning element

culture shapes the way our future actions occur

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achieved status

being a doctor or spouse

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ascribed status

sex, race, ethnicity

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examples of primary group

small informal groups like friends and family

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examples of secondary groups

larger formal groups like univiersities or nations

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master status definition and example

when somebody is expected to act a certain way because of a very distinct group
EX: a black doctor

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roles

sum total of expectations about behavior strributed to a specific social status

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role conflict

when demands of different roles clash

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status

position one holds in a social structure

54

status inconsistency

when an individual occupys multiple statuses that do not mesh wioth social expectations

55

name 4 attributes of institutions

conservative
change slowly
interdependent
differ from one society to another

56

what is the difference between a social structure and institution

an institution is a set of ideas about how social structures ought to be organized

57

examples of institutions vs social structures

institutions: military or education
social structure: preschool elementary

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how does a social institution survive

by remaining self sufficient

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how does an institution remain self sufficient

getting new members, avoiding enemies, etc

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society

the totality of people and social relations in a given geographic space

61

code of the streets

a set of interpersonal behavior rules that govern personal behavior and violence

62

street belief in police

represent a white dominant society that doesn't care about the inner city

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decent belief of police

decents have some belief in mainstream society

64

is the code of the streets a dub culture?

no, a counter culture

65

jackets, sneakers, god jewelry also show

a willingness to possess things requiring defense

66

juice

respect

67

operationalize

creating variables that can be attached to concept

68

attribute

values the variable can take