GEOG 130 Final Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GEOG 130 Final Exam Deck (46)
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1
Q

resource curse

A

countries that are dependent on primary commodities are at risk of political instability and conflict

2
Q

abundant resource wars

A

risk of greed driven conflict and loot used to purchase military equipment

3
Q

social construction of resources

A

resources made through human needs, desires, and practices

EG diamonds are forever!

4
Q

dutch disease

A

great export revenues discourage investment in other economic sectors

5
Q

resource rents

A

high profits from a single resource often lead to corruption and lack of state accountability

6
Q

windfall rents

A

unexpected profits

7
Q

spoil politics

A

patronage system rewarding political supporters and continuing self enrichment

8
Q

resource lootability

A

extraction resources with easy access to rebels and government

9
Q

point resources vs diffuse resources

A

the greater the distance of resource from control the higher the cost of control

10
Q

fragmentation

A

distribution of people and economy in safest areas

11
Q

peripheralization

A

trans border trade replacing increasingly risky internal trade

12
Q

production of territories/succession

A

production of de facto soveriegn territories

South Sudan

13
Q

sobels

A

soldiers by day rebels by night

14
Q

glocal political economies

A

local patterns of resource exploitation to global markets

15
Q

non liberal inclusion

A

inclusion in global market through shadow activities

EG trafficking

16
Q

bad governance

A

weak or failed states caused by exclusion and criminalization

17
Q

parrot’s beak

A

an area of high diamond conflict in africa

18
Q

coltan and cossiterite

A

minerals mined in africa and used in electronics

19
Q

sixth wave of extinction

A

human caused

20
Q

genetic bottleneck

A

lack of genetic diversity in a subpopulation

21
Q

minimum viable population

A

number of organisms necessary to continue diversity in a sub-population

22
Q

habitat fragmentation

A

large ecosystems broken into smaller habitat

23
Q

biodiversity hotspots

A

biological environments home to diverse organisms - many of which endemic

24
Q

buffer zones

A

zones around protected areas where some human use is allowed

25
Q

edge effect

A

exposure of native species to outside influences can effect populations

26
Q

ecosystem benefits

A

collective ecological values like clean water and air

27
Q

economic value of biodiversity

A

potential value of biodiversity for HUMANS

28
Q

intrinsic ecological value

A

non-economic values of ecosystems

29
Q

biophilia

A

a natural attraction to life itself

30
Q

peace parks

A

first in USA/Canada

fulfill human and biodiversity goals at the same time

31
Q

bayei people of botswana

A

pushed of land for high end resort

32
Q

glacier national park

A

blackfeet still trying to get access

nobel indians dancing at park

33
Q

american focused on glacier national park

A

grinnel

34
Q

hedge funds

A

large multinational funds that often can profit without others experiencing negative consequences
hedging means reducing risk

35
Q

peasant economics

A

often only partially integrated into traditional economies

36
Q

agrofuel capitalism

A

planting and extracting crops often in land grabbed areas for foreign profit

37
Q

agrarian political economy

A

political economy of farming people

38
Q

jao camp

A

high end resort displacing bayei people

39
Q

jao village

A

the marginalized area of the bayei

40
Q

oxfam

A

looks at justice issue often associated with environmental change

41
Q

david harvey

A

looked into accumulation by disposession

42
Q

alexander chayanov

A

peasant economics

43
Q

biermann and pattberg

A

want a WEO

world environmental orginzation

44
Q

amartya sen

A

famine is not always due to scarcity of food

viewed poverty as a deprivation of capabilities

45
Q

which country has lots of land grabbing

A

DRC

46
Q

jatropha

A

agrofuel feedstock