GEOG 130 Final Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GEOG 130 Final Exam Deck (46):
1

resource curse

countries that are dependent on primary commodities are at risk of political instability and conflict

2

abundant resource wars

risk of greed driven conflict and loot used to purchase military equipment

3

social construction of resources

resources made through human needs, desires, and practices
EG diamonds are forever!

4

dutch disease

great export revenues discourage investment in other economic sectors

5

resource rents

high profits from a single resource often lead to corruption and lack of state accountability

6

windfall rents

unexpected profits

7

spoil politics

patronage system rewarding political supporters and continuing self enrichment

8

resource lootability

extraction resources with easy access to rebels and government

9

point resources vs diffuse resources

the greater the distance of resource from control the higher the cost of control

10

fragmentation

distribution of people and economy in safest areas

11

peripheralization

trans border trade replacing increasingly risky internal trade

12

production of territories/succession

production of de facto soveriegn territories
South Sudan

13

sobels

soldiers by day rebels by night

14

glocal political economies

local patterns of resource exploitation to global markets

15

non liberal inclusion

inclusion in global market through shadow activities
EG trafficking

16

bad governance

weak or failed states caused by exclusion and criminalization

17

parrot's beak

an area of high diamond conflict in africa

18

coltan and cossiterite

minerals mined in africa and used in electronics

19

sixth wave of extinction

human caused

20

genetic bottleneck

lack of genetic diversity in a subpopulation

21

minimum viable population

number of organisms necessary to continue diversity in a sub-population

22

habitat fragmentation

large ecosystems broken into smaller habitat

23

biodiversity hotspots

biological environments home to diverse organisms - many of which endemic

24

buffer zones

zones around protected areas where some human use is allowed

25

edge effect

exposure of native species to outside influences can effect populations

26

ecosystem benefits

collective ecological values like clean water and air

27

economic value of biodiversity

potential value of biodiversity for HUMANS

28

intrinsic ecological value

non-economic values of ecosystems

29

biophilia

a natural attraction to life itself

30

peace parks

first in USA/Canada
fulfill human and biodiversity goals at the same time

31

bayei people of botswana

pushed of land for high end resort

32

glacier national park

blackfeet still trying to get access
nobel indians dancing at park

33

american focused on glacier national park

grinnel

34

hedge funds

large multinational funds that often can profit without others experiencing negative consequences
hedging means reducing risk

35

peasant economics

often only partially integrated into traditional economies

36

agrofuel capitalism

planting and extracting crops often in land grabbed areas for foreign profit

37

agrarian political economy

political economy of farming people

38

jao camp

high end resort displacing bayei people

39

jao village

the marginalized area of the bayei

40

oxfam

looks at justice issue often associated with environmental change

41

david harvey

looked into accumulation by disposession

42

alexander chayanov

peasant economics

43

biermann and pattberg

want a WEO
world environmental orginzation

44

amartya sen

famine is not always due to scarcity of food
viewed poverty as a deprivation of capabilities

45

which country has lots of land grabbing

DRC

46

jatropha

agrofuel feedstock