Ch. 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 7 Deck (13):
1

sacral promontory

where the 1st sacral vertebrae bulges into pelvic cavity

2

where does the ala develop from

fused rib elements

3

purpose of the ventral foramina found on the sacrum

passage for ventral rami of sacral spinal nerves

4

purpose of the dorsal foramina found on the sacrum

passage for dorsal rami of sacral spinal nerves

5

purpose of the thoracic cage

protects thoracic organs, supports shoulder girdle and upper limbs, provides attachment sits of many muscles of the back

6

the body of the sternum articulates with which structures

articulates with costal cartilage of ribs 2-7

7

describe cleft palate

common congenital disorder, R and L halves of plate fail to fuse medially

8

describe stenosis of the lumbar spine

narrowing of vertebral canal, can compress roots of spinal nerves

9

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature

10

kyphosis

exaggerated thoracic curvature

11

lordosis

accentuated lumbar curvature; "swayback"

12

what are fontanelles

unossified remnants of membranes

13

what are the 4 different endochondral bones of the skull

occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, and parts of the temporal bone