Chapter 1 FIB Flashcards Preview

PSYCH 356 ATHABASCA > Chapter 1 FIB > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 FIB Deck (15):
1

The term personality comes from the word persona, meaning a theatrical

mask

2

Personality is a pattern of relatively permanent _____________________, dispositions, or characteristics within an individual that give some measure of consistency to that person's behavior.

traits

3

A ___________________ is a set of related assumptions that allows scientists to use logical deductive reasoning to formulate testable hypotheses

theory

4

Theories are most closely related to _________________________, the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of knowledge

epistemology

5

The field of study concerned with observation and classification of data and with the verification of general laws through the testing of hypotheses is called

science

6

A _________________________ is a classification of things according to their natural relationships

taxonomy

7

A hypothesis is often defined as an ___________________ guess

educated guess

8

The psychology of _______________________ is a subdiscipline of psychology that studies the personal traits of scientists

science

9

A useful theory must be _____________________, which means that research must be able to either confirm or disconfirm its major tenets

falsifiable

10

The law of parsimony states that the ______________________ of two theories is preferred

simpler

11

The most important function of a ___________________ is to generate research

theory

12

An _________________ definition is one that defines concepts and units in terms of specific operations

operational

13

Teleology is an explanation of behavior in terms of _______________________ goals

future

14

A reliable test will yield ___________________ results

reliable

15

A test that measures what it is supposed to measure is said to be

valid