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Flashcards in Chapter 4 MC Deck (25):
1

Jung's midlife crisis followed soon after his break with
a. Adler.
b. Erikson.
c. Freud.
d. Goethe.

c

2

Jung divided the unconscious psyche into two parts—the personal and the
a. preconscious.
b. social.
c. collective.
d. universal.

c

3

In analytical psychology, the center of consciousness is
a. the ego.
b. the self.
c. individuation.
d. the shadow.
e. the persona.

a

4

The contents of the personal unconscious are called
a. archetypes.
b. complexes.
c. phylogenetic endowment.
d. shadows.
e. myths.

b

5

Archetypes are
a. basic values acquired during childhood.
b. images embedded in the personal unconscious.
c. culturally acquired complexes.
d. components of the collective unconscious.

d

6

The persona archetype
a. is symbolic of evil.
b. is the social role others see.
c. is in opposition to the anima.
d. is largely conscious.

b

7

According to Jung, a person's first test of courage is to
a. realize her or his shadow.
b. actualize her animus.
c. recognize the hero.
d. acquire self-realization.

a

8

The anima is
a. the inferior side of people.
b. the archetype of evil.
c. the masculine side of women.
d. the feminine side of men.

d

9

Irrational moods in men are represented by the
a. animus.
b. anima.
c. mandala.
d. shadow.

b

10

The archetype of nourishment and destruction is the
a. great mother.
b. shadow.
c. wise old man.
d. hero.

a

11

The great mother archetype is most likely to be symbolized by
a. a house.
b. a witch.
c. a lawyer.
d. a baby.

b

12

The wise old man archetype represents
a. life and death.
b. meaning and wisdom.
c. strength and courage.
d. masculinity and femininity.

b

13

The hero archetype
a. typically has a tragic flaw.
b. is sometimes part god.
c. fights against great odds to conquer evil.
d. may be represented by comic book characters such as Superman.
e. all of these.

e

14

The self is usually represented by this symbol.
a. the hero
b. the mandala
c. the north star
d. the ego

b

15

In Jungian psychology, the self
a. is the archetype of completion and wholeness.
b. is the center or essence of personality.
c. includes the other archetypes.
d. all of these.

d

16

If Freud's theory is basically causal and Adler's is essentially teleological, then Jung's theory is
a. both causal and teleological.
b. neither causal nor teleological.
c. causal only.
d. teleological only.

a

17

In Jungian psychology, introversion and extraversion are regarded as
a. functions.
b. attitudes.
c. archetypes.
d. complexes.
e. ego-functions.

b

18

According to Jung, extraversion is basically
a. feminine.
b. masculine.
c. subjective.
d. objective.
e. all of these.

d

19

Introverted feeling types
a. rely on subjective evaluations rather than the opinions of others.
b. frequently become accountants.
c. are strongly motivated by physiological needs.
d. rely on intuition and sensation.

a

20

Jung regarded thinking and feeling as
a. rational functions.
b. irrational functions.
c. rational attitudes.
d. irrational attitudes.
e. none of these.

a

21

In 1909, Jung told Freud about a dream in which he found two ancient human skulls in an old cave. He told Freud that the skulls were those of his wife and sister-in-law. Later, however, Jung accepted the skulls as representing
a. life and death.
b. the anima.
c. sex and aggression.
d. the collective unconscious.

d

22

ung believed that the most important stage of life is middle life. At that time a person should
a. move from an introverted attitude toward an extraverted one.
b. move from an extraverted attitude toward an introverted one.
c. actualize the rational functions.
d. actualize the irrational functions.

b

23

The process of becoming whole or complete—that is, actualizing the various components of personality—is called
a. active imagination.
b. individuation.
c. introspection.
d. maturation.

b

24

According to Jung, what types of dreams originate from the collective unconscious of the dreamer?
a. wish-fulfillment dreams
b. traumatic dreams
c. teleological dreams
d. big dreams
e. anxiety dreams

d

25

Most research on Jungian concepts has involved the notion of
a. collective unconscious images.
b. the four basic stages of development.
c. self-realization.
d. archetypal dreams.
e. typology.

e