Flashcards in Chapter 5 T/F Deck (20):
Klein enjoyed a warm relationship with her daughter Melitta
In contrast to Freud’s, most of Klein’s patients were children
In comparison to Freudian theory, object relations theory places more importance on interpersonal relations.
Object relations theory emphasizes the father-child relationship over the mother-child relationship.
Throughout her life, Klein regarded herself as a Freudian, even though she had strong disagreements with Anna Freud.
Klein rejected the idea of a death instinct.
The paranoid-schizoid position is limited to infants.
In theory, the superego is an internalization.
During the early oedipal months, both boys and girls adopt a "feminine" position.
Mahler's first major developmental stage was normal autism.
During normal symbiosis, infants behave as if they and their mother were a unified, omnipotent system.
Mahler's separation-individuation stage takes place from about the 4th or 6th year of life.
A weakness of Mahler's theory is that it is based on observations of neurotic adults.
Kohut believed that infants are naturally narcissistic.
According to Kohut, innate instinctual drives are the core of human personality.
Bowlby's first stage of attachment theory is despair.
During Bowlby's third stage of separation anxiety, the infant becomes reattached to its mother.
Ainsworth was influenced more by Bowlby than by Klein.
Ainsworth found that secure infants will initiate contact with their mother immediately when their mother returns following a brief period of separation.