Chapter 2 FIB Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 FIB Deck (20):
1

As a young man, Freud harbored a strong wish to make a great discovery and thus to become famous. One such attempt involved the anesthetic properties of the drug ___

cocaine

2

When Freud abandoned the ________________ theory, he dramatically changed the course of psychoanalysis.

seduction

3

Freud's heavy emphasis on _______________ motivation allows for opposing explanations for the same observation

unconscious

4

Freud believed that our _________________ endowment, or inherited unconscious images, sometimes influences our behavior.

phylogenetic

5

Unconscious images may become __________________ after being distorted, disguised, or otherwise transformed.

conscious

6

The _______________ serves the pleasure principle.

id

7

The superego has two parts, the _______________ and the conscience.

ego-ideal

8

A _______________ receives sexual pleasure from inflicting pain on other people.

sadist

9

According to Freud, the two great instincts are sex and –––––––––––––––––––––––––––.

aggression

10

Moral anxiety results from the ego's relationship with the __________________________.

superego

11

Defense mechanisms protect the ego against the pain of __________________________.

anxiety

12

A ________________ formation is marked by the repression of one impulse and the ostentatious expression of its exact opposite.

reaction

13

The defense mechanism whereby a person redirects unwanted urges onto another person or object is called _________________.

displacement

14

The defense that involves the repression of the sexual instinct and the substitution of cultural or social accomplishments is called ________________________.

sublimation

15

The infantile stage is divided into three substages: oral, _____________________, and phallic.

anal

16

According to Freud, the _________________ stage may lead to compulsive neatness, obstinacy, and miserliness in some people.

anal

17

Freud believed that ______________________ differences are responsible for different psychosexual development in boys and girls during the phallic stage.

anatomical (biological)

18

The castration complex takes the form of ______________________ for girls.

penis envy

19

The castration complex takes the form of ________________________ for boys.

castration anxiety

20

The proper resolution of the __________________________ results in the emergence of a mature superego for boys.

Oedipus complex