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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Notes Deck (28):
1

The one dynamic force behind people's behavior is

striving for success or superiority (early work referred to it as the will to power)

2

role of subjective perceptions

shape behavior and personality

3

personality is

unified and self-consistent

4

style of life

A person’s individuality that
expresses itself in any circumstance or environment; the
“flavor” of a person’s life.

5

Style of life is molded by

people's creative power

6

Distinguish between striving for superiority and striving for success

psychologically unhealthy people strive for superiority whereas healthy people strive for success

7

Final Goal

Each individual is guided by
is fictional has no objective existence
It unifies personality and renders all behaviour comprehensible

8

6 tenets of Adlerian theory

1) striving for success or superiority
2) subjective perception shapes behavior and personality
3) personality is unified and self-consistent
4) the value of human activity must be seen from the view of social interest
5) the self-consistent personality structure develops into a person's style of life
6) style of life is molded by people's creative power

9

Organ Dialect

Organ's speak a language that is usually more expressive than words

Stomach anxiety

10

Conscious and Unconscious
Defined

unconscious as " the part of the goal that is neither clearly formulated nor completely understood by the individual "

Conscious thoughts are helpful and unconscious ones are not helpful

The conscious becomes unconscious when we fail to understand it and the unconscious becomes conscious when we understand it

11

personality structure develops into a person's style of life i.e the flavor of a person's life, which includes

Goal's
self-concept
Feelings towards others and attitude towards the world

12

Healthy ones actively struggle to solve 3 main problems of life:

Neighborly love
Sexual love and
Occupation

13

Creative power reflects how people put to use what is

given to them on genetic and nurturing levels

14

maladjustments come from

1 - set their goals too high
2 - live in their own private world
3 - have a rigid and dogmatic life style

15

External Factors in Maladjustment

Exaggerated physical deficiencies
Pampered style of life
Neglected style of life

16

his version of defence mechanisms

Safeguarding Tendencies

17

4 safeguarding tendencies

excuses
aggression
withdrawal
masculine protest

18

Excuses

yes but' and 'if only'

19

Aggression

Depreciation which is the tendency to undervalue other people's achievements and overvalue your own
Belittle another so you look superior

Accusation blame other's for one's failures and seek revenge

Self accusation self torture and guilt, masochism, depression, suicide

20

4 elements of Withdrawal

Moving backward
Standing Still
Hesitating
Constructing Obstacles

21

4 Applications of Individual Psychology

Family constellation
Early recollections
Dreams
Psychotherapy

22

Psychopathology results from

Lack of courage
Exaggerated feelings of inferiority
And underdeveloped social interests

23

So his aim is to

Enhance courage
Lessen feelings of inferiority
Encourage social interests

24

Explain how seemingly contradictory behaviors may reflect a single goal of striving for superiority

Although behaviors may appear inconsistent, when they are viewed from the perspective of a final goal, they appear as clever but probably unconscious attempts to confuse and subordinate other people. This confusing and seemingly inconsistent behavior gives the erratic person the upper hand in an interpersonal relationship. Although erratic people are often successful in their attempt to gain superiority over others, they usually remain unaware of their underlying motive and may stubbornly reject any suggestion that they desire superiority over other people

I may appear helpless but in this way I make you my slave to help me then become superior to you

25

social interest (Adler)

Translation of the German
Gemeinschaftsgefühl, meaning a community feeling or a
sense of feeling at one with all human beings

26

Discuss Adler's ideas on birth order

In therapy, Adler almost always asked patients about their family constellation, that is, their birth order, the gender of their siblings, and the age spread between them.
Although people’s perception of the situation into which they were born is more important than numerical rank, Adler did form some general hypotheses about birth Order:

1st born are square
2nd take chances

27

Summarize recent research on early recollections

The general direction of a participant’s career path could be identified from themes seen in early recollections. These vignettes are consistent with Alder’s view of early recollections and demonstrate how style of
life may relate to occupational choice.

28

Name four differences between the theories of Adler and Freud.

Tele nor deterministic - About how we deal with goals as opposed to early stages

Optimistic

More around conscious than un - The conscious becomes unconscious when we fail to understand it and the unconscious becomes conscious when we understand it

Roots of psychopathology
Lack of courage
Exaggerated feelings of inferiority
And underdeveloped social interests