Chapter 10 - Artemis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Artemis Deck (38):
1

Parents of Artemis and Apollo

Zeus and LETO
Artemis first born

2

Birth location of Artemis and Apollo

Island of DELOS/ ORTYGIA
"Quail Island"
- Mountain Cynthus

3

Main Reason and 2 reasons supporting is why we believe Artemis has non indo european origins

- Non hellenic name; Meaning she has asia minor connections, and the Temple of Ephesus

4

Asia Minor Connections in Artemis

Labels her as a fertility deity
(multhi-matter; multi-testicular)

5

Epithet for Artemis in Homeric Poems

Potnia Theron - mistress of the beasts

6

Ephesian Artemis depicted:
Epithet definition

Kourotrophos - "Nurturer of the Young"
- Depicted with multiple breasts
- protector of all young creates
Kouro = Nurture
trophos = young

7

"Classical Artemis"

Symbolizes Eternal virgin
Nymph in the original sense meaning she's wild

8

Relating to the mountain that Artemis was born on, what epithet does she have?

CYNYTHIA

9

How does Artemis relate to Eileithyia and Hera?

Artemis/ Eileithyia/ and Hera are goddesses of Childbirth

10

Hubris

Arrogance

11

Niobe and her children

Ovid's Metamorphoses
Niobe= Queen of Thebes
"I have money and birthed 7 boys and girls"
Leto tells her twin children.
The Twins murder all Niobids
Niobe turned into a water fall - a crag

12

Artemis' Roman name

Diana

13

The Wrath of Diana

Ovid's metamorphoses
Actaeon sees Diana naked on Mt. Cithaeron
Diana shielded by Nympths
Actaeon turned into a STAG and hunted by his own dogs
Epithet for Human sacrifice

14

Callisto

Best friend of Diana; Diana given epithet Calliste (most beautiful woman)
- Ursa Major; Arctus / Hamaxa "The Wain"

15

Who falls in love with Callisto?

Jupiter

16

What does Diana do when she realizes Callisto is pregnant and has abandoned virginity?

She turns her into a bear

17

Before Callisto is killed by Arcas (her son), what happens?

Jupiter turns Callisto the bear into URSA Major
and Arcas into Ursa Minor

18

Arcas

"The Bear Warden" / Bootes/ Ursa Minor

19

Orion

Hunter and Worshipper of Diana

20

What island does Orion have connections with?

Chios

21

What daughter does Origon have sex with?

Merope

22

Epithet for Oenopian (Merope's dad)

Wine-face

23

Who blinds Orion?

Wine face/ Oenopian

24

Who gives Orion his sight back?

Helius

25

Who does Orion attempt to rape and what happens?

Artemis pulls out a scorpion and stings him to death
- Orion and his dog become a constellation (Sirius)
- Scorpion becomes constellation (Scorpius)

26

Catasterism

Action of being transformed into a star or constellation

27

Artemis as a moon goddess

Triune identity
- epithet of Pheobe

28

What does Artemis' epithet "Pheobe" mean?

- Relates to moon
- "bright" / shining

29

How does Phoebe relate to Selene?

Cold
White
Chaste meaning abstinence

30

How does Phoebe relate to Hecate?

Goddess of the night - by that I mean crossroads, black magic, ghosts and the underworld

31

Hecate is a cynthonian deity. what does this mean?

She is a descendant of Titans

32

Hippolytus of Euripides

Chaste young man devoted to Artemis
Despises Aphrodite due to love and sex

33

How does Aphrodite react to Hippolytus's chastity?

She makes Phaedra fall in love with him.

34

What happens when Hippolytus rejects Phaedra?

She commits suicide and leaves a note claiming false rape

35

Hippolytus's father

Theseus

36

How does Theseus react when seeing the rape note?

Curses Hippolytus
- Bull from the Sea frightens Hippolytus's horses
Hippolytus dies

37

Artemis appears and makes a cult for Hippolytus - what happens?

Virgins cut hair and lament his death

38

Kourotrophos definition

Nurturer of young.
Kouros = nuture
trophos = young