Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Artemis Deck (38):
Parents of Artemis and Apollo
Zeus and LETO
Artemis first born
Birth location of Artemis and Apollo
Island of DELOS/ ORTYGIA
- Mountain Cynthus
Main Reason and 2 reasons supporting is why we believe Artemis has non indo european origins
- Non hellenic name; Meaning she has asia minor connections, and the Temple of Ephesus
Asia Minor Connections in Artemis
Labels her as a fertility deity
Epithet for Artemis in Homeric Poems
Potnia Theron - mistress of the beasts
Ephesian Artemis depicted:
Kourotrophos - "Nurturer of the Young"
- Depicted with multiple breasts
- protector of all young creates
Kouro = Nurture
trophos = young
Symbolizes Eternal virgin
Nymph in the original sense meaning she's wild
Relating to the mountain that Artemis was born on, what epithet does she have?
How does Artemis relate to Eileithyia and Hera?
Artemis/ Eileithyia/ and Hera are goddesses of Childbirth
Niobe and her children
Niobe= Queen of Thebes
"I have money and birthed 7 boys and girls"
Leto tells her twin children.
The Twins murder all Niobids
Niobe turned into a water fall - a crag
Artemis' Roman name
The Wrath of Diana
Actaeon sees Diana naked on Mt. Cithaeron
Diana shielded by Nympths
Actaeon turned into a STAG and hunted by his own dogs
Epithet for Human sacrifice
Best friend of Diana; Diana given epithet Calliste (most beautiful woman)
- Ursa Major; Arctus / Hamaxa "The Wain"
Who falls in love with Callisto?
What does Diana do when she realizes Callisto is pregnant and has abandoned virginity?
She turns her into a bear
Before Callisto is killed by Arcas (her son), what happens?
Jupiter turns Callisto the bear into URSA Major
and Arcas into Ursa Minor
"The Bear Warden" / Bootes/ Ursa Minor
Hunter and Worshipper of Diana
What island does Orion have connections with?
What daughter does Origon have sex with?
Epithet for Oenopian (Merope's dad)
Who blinds Orion?
Wine face/ Oenopian
Who gives Orion his sight back?
Who does Orion attempt to rape and what happens?
Artemis pulls out a scorpion and stings him to death
- Orion and his dog become a constellation (Sirius)
- Scorpion becomes constellation (Scorpius)
Action of being transformed into a star or constellation
Artemis as a moon goddess
- epithet of Pheobe
What does Artemis' epithet "Pheobe" mean?
- Relates to moon
- "bright" / shining
How does Phoebe relate to Selene?
Chaste meaning abstinence
How does Phoebe relate to Hecate?
Goddess of the night - by that I mean crossroads, black magic, ghosts and the underworld
Hecate is a cynthonian deity. what does this mean?
She is a descendant of Titans
Hippolytus of Euripides
Chaste young man devoted to Artemis
Despises Aphrodite due to love and sex
How does Aphrodite react to Hippolytus's chastity?
She makes Phaedra fall in love with him.
What happens when Hippolytus rejects Phaedra?
She commits suicide and leaves a note claiming false rape
How does Theseus react when seeing the rape note?
- Bull from the Sea frightens Hippolytus's horses
Artemis appears and makes a cult for Hippolytus - what happens?
Virgins cut hair and lament his death