Chapter 7 - Poseidon Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Poseidon Deck (38):
1

Who is Pontus?

- he is literally the fuckin' sea
- metal as hell.

2

Who produced Pontus?

Gaia

3

Pontus and gaia have sex to produce what?

Monstrous deities (mixtures of human and animal)

4

Who is oceanus?

He is the ocean
- he is 1 of 12 titans

5

Oceanus bangs who to make 3000+ oceanids

Tethys (female titan of ocean)

6

How does Oceanus relate to Gaia?

He is a river that encircles her.

7

What are oceanids?

Ocean sprites

8

What powers does Nereus have?

- gift of prophecy
- able to change shape at will

9

Who are the 2 old men of the sea?

Proteus and Nereus

10

Who is Proteus?

- wise old man of sea
- attendant of poseidon

11

Who is Proteus confused as sometimes?

- Triton, son of Poseidon

12

Who tries to wrestle Proteus for information?

Menelaus - Homer

13

the 50 Nereids are descendants of....

Nereus and Doris

14

Who is Nereus?

The eldest son of Pontus

15

Who is Doris?

she is a sea nymph (essentially an oceanid)

16

Who are the 3 most important nereids?

Thetis
Galatea
Amphitrite

17

Who are Achilles' parents?

Peleus and Thetis

18

Galatea and Polyphemus

- Galatea - one of the important nereids
-loves acis
- Galatea loved by Polyphemus (cyclops)
- Polyphemus tries to kill Acis and suceeds
- Acis turned into river deity

19

Who is a progeny of Pontus and Gaia?

Thaumus

20

Who is Thaumus and electra's children?

Iris
and the harpies

21

What do Harpies mean?

Snatchers
- originally strong winds
- half woman half birds

22

Pontus and gaia have 2 children that mate and have 2 sets of triplets. Who are those two children?

Phorys and ceto

23

Phorcys and Ceto have 2 sets of triplets: Who are the 2 sets?

The 3 Graeae
The 3 Gorgons

24

The 3 Graeeae

- personification of old age
- share 1 eye and 1 tooth

25

Who is the most famous gorgon sister

Medusa

26

Who is Medusa

one of the gorgons
- serpent haired
- tusks
-wide eyed

27

Who killed Medusa?

Perseus

28

What is Poseidon's genealogy?

Son of Cronus and Rhea

29

What are Poseidon's functions and powers?

- controls the sea
- makes earth quakes because the sea holds the earth

30

Who is Poseidon's wife?

Amphitrite

31

Poseidon is originally thought to be the god of...

Fresh water

32

What is Poseidon's epithet?

Hippios
- god of horse riding indo european peoples

33

Zeus has an affair with Medusa and creates...

Pegasus

34

Zeus has an affair with Demeter and creates the magical horse...

Arion

35

Who is Triton? What does he do?

Triton is the true son of Poseidon and he blows the conch shell to calm the seas
- nemesis to Odyssius

36

2 versions of Scylla's transformation

- seduced by Poseidon and transformed by AMphitrite
- glaucus loves Scylla and gives her a potion that turns her into a monster because Circe (maker of the potion loves Glaucus)

37

Who is Charybdis?

Daughter of Poseidon and Gaia
- literally a whirlpool/typhoon

38

Significance of Water

- sailors traversed dangerous seas
- seas deities were often part monster (sea = civilized and ferocious)