Chapter 13 - Dionysus Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Dionysus Deck (51):
1

Dionysus- Responsibilities as a god

God of Wine
God of Fertility
God of Ecstasy

2

Dionysus as God of Fertility - Complements

Complements to Magna Mater
- life giving liquids: wine, blood, semen, sap

3

Dionysus as God of Ecstasy

Ecstatic release through wine, music, and dance
- Madness irrationality
- release from responsibilities and restraints

4

Dionysus' Genealogy

Zeus and Semele

5

Semele - who?

daughter of Cadmus, King of Thebes

6

Cadmus

King of Thebes

7

What form was Zeus disguised as when he impregnated semele?

He was disguised as a mortal

8

Conception of Dionysus: Zeus and Semele

Hera tricks pregnant Semele into telling Zeus to reveal himself
- Semele is burned to a crisp as Zeus transforms
- Hermes rescues Dionysus
- Dionysus sewn to Zeus' thigh

9

Conception of Dionysus: Zeus and Persephone

-Zagreus born from Persephone
-Hera orders titans to kill Zagreus
-They eat him and dismember him
- Athena retrieves heart and gives it to zeus
- Zagreus born again but as Dionysus via Zeus and Semele

10

Conception of Dionysus: Zagreus and Zeus' anger part 2

Zeus kills titans out of anger because they killed Zagreus
- Out of ashes from titans - humans are born

11

Etiology of humans being born from ashes of titans

double sided nature
- gross bodies and divine souls

12

Epithet given to Dionysus because of conception from Persephone

Zagreus

13

2 historical origins of name Dionysus

Thrace (greece)
or Phyrgia (asia minor)

14

Where does the name Dionysus actually start appearing?

Linear B tablets
Late Bronze age (mycenaean age)

15

2 name for Dionysus to Romans

Bacchus and Liber

16

Liber roman name

"free"
-"Bacchanalia" ; which were wild parties in bacchus' honor

17

Individual Portrayal of Dionysus/Bacchus

Portrayed with Ivy and Panther Skin holding THYRSUS;

18

What is a Thyrsus?

a pole wrapped with IVY and topped with a PINE CONE
It can perform miracles

19

Who is Dionysus portrayed accompanied with?

Either:
Satyr (half man; half goat/horse)
or
Bacchae (Bacchantes or Maenads - meaning they can be possessed by Dionysus)

20

Who are Satyrs often confused with?

Sileni (older satyrs)

21

Bacchantes definition

Female followers of bacchus

22

Maenads definition

literally "mad-women"

23

The Maenad

ecstatic mad woman
- wields thyrsus and leopard
- snake wrapped around head

24

Thiasus definition

group of followers who worshipped dionysus
- groupies composed of: maenads, satyrs, sileni

25

Ekstasis definition

Group of followers in ecstasy and "standing outside(oneself)"

26

Enthousiasmos definition

Group of followers who are possessed and "having god within"

27

Sparagmos definition

Ritual slaughter of sacrificial victims
"tearing"

28

Omophagy definition

"ritual eating of raw flesh"

29

Dionysus Lysios epithet

"loss of personal identity"
- the deliverer
- relates to Liber (free)

30

Who raised dionysus?

nymps and Semele's sister, Ino
- on mt. Nysa

31

What achievements does Dionysus have while in Nysa while he is there?

He invents viticulture
He embraces the art of wine-making
He acquires Thiasus (groupies)

32

Dionysus is driven insane by whome?
What does he do?

Hera; he wanders throughout the east (egypt, syria, phrygia)
- cured of madness by Cybele and starts cross dressing

33

Who is Silenus?

Fat old, wise satyr;
teller of tall tales

34

Dionysus and King Midas

King Midas capture Silenus
- Dionysus releases Silenus
- owes midas a favor
- Dionysus grants him "golden touch"
- gift becomes curse
- dionysus tells him how to lift curse
- "wash out gift in PACTOLUS river" - near sardis (asia minor)

35

Dionysus and the Proetids

- Daughters of Proteus (the King of Argos) refuse new religion
- driven insane
- and afflicted by itch that can only be cured by shouting and dancing

36

Festival of Agriania

Ritual of Pursuit of Women at night

37

Homeric Hymn to Dionysus and Pirates

- dionysus abducted by sailors
- he was mistaken for a mortal; his bonds miraculously fall off
- crew refuses to recognize his divinity
- ship flows with wine and the mast grows with ivy / sail covered in grape clusters
- dionysus transforms into a lion
- helmsman spared

38

Where does Dionysus establish himself as a legitimate god?

Thebes

39

Pentheus; who?

King of Thebes
- Cousin of Dionysus
- Resists worship of Dionysus

40

Two people who counsel Pentheus to accept divinity

Cadmus: Former King
Tiresias: Blind Prophet

41

What happens when Pentheus rejects dionysus?

Theban women driven insane
- they wander mt. cithaeron

42

Pentheus arrests mysterious stranger, who does he actually capture?

Dionysus

43

Dionysus makes Pentheus insane - what happens to him?

-He sees double
- sees "stranger" as bull
- dresses up like a woman to spy on theban woman
- caught spying
- torn to pieces

44

Pentheus torn to pieces - 2 definitions

Sparagmos - Agave puts his head on a spit

Omophagia
- devouring of raw flesh

45

Story of Pentheus is told in what book?

Euripides' bacchae

46

Genealogy of Pan

Father = Hermes
Mother = Dryope
Part man; part goat- associated with Dionysus' thiasus

47

Etymology of Pan

"To feed"
- 'pastor' or 'pasture'
associated with Arcadia

48

Pan and Syrinx

Ovid's Metamorphoses
- Nymph Syrinx = devoted to Artemis and therefore chaste
- Pursued by Pan
- Pan transforms her into Reeds - "syringe"
- Pan creates Pan pipes from reeds

49

Pan and Echo

The Nymph Echo runs from him
- Pan Drives Sheperds Mad; hence PANIC
- Sheperds tear Echo to pieces and only her voice remains

50

Variations of Echo

- talkative nymph punished by Juno to only repeat words
- Echo falls for Narcissus and wastes away to point where only voice remains

51

Narcissus

- falls for own image in pool and turns into atree
- etiology for narcissus flower