Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (27):
Who was Heinrich Schliemann
a pioneering archaeologist who loved mythology and believed that the city states were real
When did Heinrich discover Troy?
When did heinrich discover mycenae
1871 AND 1876
What did Sir Arthur Evans do?
Excavated Cnossos on the Island of Crete
When did Arthur Evans find Cnossos?
Who did Arthur Evans find on Cnossus?
Legendary King Minos and the Minoan Civilization
What is the Bronze Age in Crete also known as?
3000 - 2000 BCE
Early Bronze Age
- early minoan
- early cycladic
- early helladic
2000 - 1600 BCE
Middle Bronze Age
- middle minoan
- middle cycladic
- middle helladic
1600 - 110 BCE
Late Bronze Age
- Late Minoan
- Late Cycladic
- Late Helladic
What was the Late Bronze Age also known as?
Late Bronze Age AKA
- THE MYCEANAEAN AGE
Late Bronze Age was the acme of....
the Minoan Civilization
Why was the minoan civilization so powerful?
King Minos has "Thalassocracy"
- Major Sea Power and powerful armada
What is the Island of Thera?
Modern day Santorini
- possible the end of Minoan Downfall
What mythological folkore did the Island of Thera support?
What was the Late Helladic age known as?
Mycenaean Age (1600-1100BCE)
Why was the mycenaean age known for it's indo-european invasion?
diffusion of many european languages
When was the indo european invasion?
Middle Helladic period
3 Pairs of Heroes and Locaels in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey
-Agamemenon and Mycenae
- minos and cnossus
- menelaus and sparta
- discovered palace of King Nestor in Pylos
Linear B tablets discovered by whom?
Michael Ventris AND John Chadwick
What's so significant about Linear B tablets?
Earliest form of Greek Language that we possess
- called linear B to distinguish between Minoan scriptures
How many layers of settlement for Troy?
9 Layers of Settlement
What are possible causes for the end of the Mycenaean age?
- Invasion of Sea Peoples
What evidence supports the invasion of sea peoples?
What was the dark age also known as?
The Iron Age
traits of the Iron Age
decline in population
- decrease in literacy
- famine and poor schtuff