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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (27):
1

Who was Heinrich Schliemann

a pioneering archaeologist who loved mythology and believed that the city states were real

2

When did Heinrich discover Troy?

When did heinrich discover mycenae

1871 AND 1876

3

What did Sir Arthur Evans do?

Excavated Cnossos on the Island of Crete
-

4

When did Arthur Evans find Cnossos?

1899

5

Who did Arthur Evans find on Cnossus?

Legendary King Minos and the Minoan Civilization

6

What is the Bronze Age in Crete also known as?

“Minoan age"

7

3000 - 2000 BCE

Early Bronze Age
- early minoan
- early cycladic
- early helladic

8

2000 - 1600 BCE

Middle Bronze Age
- middle minoan
- middle cycladic
- middle helladic

9

1600 - 110 BCE

Late Bronze Age
- Late Minoan
- Late Cycladic
- Late Helladic

10

What was the Late Bronze Age also known as?

Late Bronze Age AKA
- THE MYCEANAEAN AGE

11

Late Bronze Age was the acme of....

the Minoan Civilization

12

Why was the minoan civilization so powerful?

King Minos has "Thalassocracy"
- Major Sea Power and powerful armada

13

What is the Island of Thera?

Modern day Santorini
- possible the end of Minoan Downfall

14

What mythological folkore did the Island of Thera support?

Atlantis

15

What was the Late Helladic age known as?

Mycenaean Age (1600-1100BCE)

16

Why was the mycenaean age known for it's indo-european invasion?

diffusion of many european languages

17

When was the indo european invasion?

Middle Helladic period

18

3 Pairs of Heroes and Locaels in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

-Agamemenon and Mycenae
- minos and cnossus
- menelaus and sparta

19

Carl Blegen

- discovered palace of King Nestor in Pylos

20

Linear B tablets discovered by whom?

Michael Ventris AND John Chadwick

21

What's so significant about Linear B tablets?

Earliest form of Greek Language that we possess
- called linear B to distinguish between Minoan scriptures

22

How many layers of settlement for Troy?

9 Layers of Settlement

23

What are possible causes for the end of the Mycenaean age?

-Dorian Invasion
- Invasion of Sea Peoples

24

What evidence supports the invasion of sea peoples?

Egyptian inscription

25

What was the dark age also known as?

The Iron Age

26

traits of the Iron Age

decline in population
- decrease in literacy
- famine and poor schtuff

27

What poems refer to the Dark ages and the late bronze ages?

Homeri