Chapter 12 - Hermes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Hermes Deck (39):
1

Hermes parents

Zeus and Maia

2

Who is Maia?

Eldest daughter of Atlas and Pleione
1 of the Pleiades

3

Who are the Pleiades?

7 daughters of Atlas and Pleione
Followers of Artemis

4

Zeus and Mai

hermes parents

5

Eldest daughter of Atlast and pleione

Maia

6

7 daughters of Atlast and Pleione
Followers of Artemis

Pleiades

7

birthplace of Hermes

Arcadia in Peloponnesus on Mountain Cyllene

8

Epithet of Hermes due to Birth on Mount. Cyllene

Cyllenian

9

Examples of Hermes Cunningness and Inventiveness

As soon as born he invented the lyre and stole Apollo's cattle

10

Arcadia in Peloponessus

Birthplace of Hermes

11

Mountain Cyllene

Mountain where Hermes was Born

12

As soon as Hermes was born he invented the Lyre
He stole Apollo's cattle by the end of the day

Examples of Hermes' cunningness and inventiveness.

13

What did Hermes use to invent the lyre?

A turtle shell

14

Who is the archetypal trickster god?

Hermes

15

How does Hermes attempt to steal the cows?

Steals 50 head and reverses the tracks

16

Who sees Hermes steal the cows?

An old man and is promised amazing crops

17

Why does Hermes plead innocence in the theft?

He's an innocent "babe" only born yesterday; this prevents apollo from "god handling him"

18

Who is ultimate judge in this case?

Zeus

19

What does Hermes offer Apollo?

the lyre

20

What does apollo offer Hermes?

that hermes' be the guide to the gods

21

What does Hermes' vow?

that he will never steal again from apollo at any rate.

22

What word was "hermes" derived from and what does it mean?

Herma
- means "Trail marker'
- Hermes' spirit inhabits stone pile and protects travelers

23

Hermes' patron god of

travelers
boundaries
youth- mischievous
thieves - night travelers
merchants
heralds and messengers

24

Hermes associated with what historically geographical place?

Arcadia and central peloponnesus

25

Stone depiction of hermes not fully anthropomorphic - why?

pillar has a human head
- it has an erect phallus
- it represents fertility

26

God of Boundaries - why is this transgression?

Transgression because he's the god of boundaries and therefore law. He's also the god of thieves which goes against his actions

27

Latin for Marketplace

Mercury
relates to - comMERce; MERchant, MERchandise

28

Hermes is the main messenger of Zeus in what book?

Iliad and Odyssey

29

Hermes Psychopompos refers to

Hermes as a soul guide

30

Psychopompos definition

soul guide - conveys souls on final journey to underworld

31

Psychostasia definition

weighing of souls

32

Hermes' outfit consists of 3 things

Petasus
Talaria
Caduceus

33

Petasus

Traveler's hat

34

Talaria

Sandals - doesn't necessarily have to be winged

35

Caduceus

Herald's staff - sometimes entwined with 2 snakes

36

Hermaphroditus

Child of Hermes and Aphrodite

37

Salmacis

a Naiad
- a water nymph

38

Hermaphroditus and Salmacis

Hermaphroditus rejects Salmacis
- she clings to him while bathing and wishes that they may never be separated
- 2 become 1

39

Hermaphroditus was originally a deity of...

fertility