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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (62):
1

Titanomachy

Battle of titans between olympians

2

How long did the Titanomachy last?

10 years

3

Who was on Cronus's side?

the titans and atlas

4

Who was on Zeus's side?

Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon ( the olympians)
- the cyclopes
- the hundred handers
- prometheus
- themis

5

What does Themis represent?
What does Prometheus represent?

Law and Order

Prometheus represents cunningness

6

What became of the stone that Cronus vomited?

Stone = Omphalos = Navel
- in apollo's shrine at Delphi

7

Greek word for battle

Machy

8

What mountain did the Titans fight from during the Titanomachy?

Mt. Othrys

9

What mountain did the Olympians fight from?

Mt. Olympus

10

What did the cyclopes do to support the olympians?

Forged thunderbolts

11

What did the 100 handers do to support the olympians?

They threw spears in an uzi like fashion

12

Giants come from the word Genesis. What does Genesis mean?

Earth Born

13

What do giants look like?

- Artistic representations
- snaky/reptile lower half

14

When the giants lost their battle against Zeus, where were they imprisoned?

underneath the earth
- aitia for volancoes

15

Story of Otus and Ephialtes

2 giants trying to destroy zeus
- tried to storm heaven by stacking 3 mountains on top of one another
(mt. olympus, ossa, pelion)

16

Typhonomachy

- TYPON/ TYPHOEUS vs. Zeus

17

Who was Typhon?

- Offspring of Gaia and Tartarus
- fire breathing snaky bottom half
- 100 heads with 100 sounds

18

Enuma Elish

- babylonian myth
- Marduk fights Tiamat
- parallels zeus and typhon

19

Kingship in Heaven

- Hittite Myth
- KUMBARBI (cronus) bites off genitals of ANU (Uranus)

20

Folktale motifs within Zeus's tale

- child of extraordinary parents --> gods
- unusual conception / childhood--> divine child archetype
- close to nature --> raised by goats

21

Zeus... upon attaining adulthood (motifs found)

numerous challenges
- near death experience
-ultimate success (seen in slaying typhon)

22

What explanation does Hesiod's Theogony give towards the appearance of mortals?

No explanation

23

What are the two versions behind Ovid's Metamorphoses?

1) Creator of the Universe creates mortals through seed
2.) Prometheus creates Mortals

24

What are the 5 ages in Hesiod's WORKS and Days?

Gold
Silver
Bronze
Heroes
Iron

25

How do Ovid's ages differ from Hesiod's?

Ovid only counts 4 ages and does NOT count the age of MAN

26

The Age of Gold

- created by Olympians
- Cronus Rules
- Mortals are almost immortal that have painless deaths
- When they die they roam the earth as spirits

27

The Age of Silver

- created by olympians
- childlike until age 100 and died shortly after
- prime of life = short and violent
- refused to honour gods

28

The Age of Bronze

- created by Zeus
- used bronze weapons and killed each other
- went to hades

29

Age of Heroes

- created by Zeus
- race of Godlike mortals - heroes / DEMI GODS
- most died

30

For the heroes who survived, where did they go?

Islands of the Blessed

31

The Iron Age

- hesio'd age/ our own
- endless labor and strife
- little good/ lots of evil

32

Who is Aidos?

Sense of modesty/shame

33

Who is nemesis?

Sense of righteous indignation

34

What accounts for the legends of the Trojan War?

The "intrusion of heroes" in Hesiod's 5 fold classification

35

What has an inverse relationship in Hesiod's 5 fold classification?

Progress in technology
vs.
Regression in Morality

36

Who is Prometheus in Hesiod's Theogony?

Son of Titan Iapetus and Oceanid Clymene (Zeus's cousin)

37

Who is Prometheus in Aeschylus's Prometheus bound?

Son of GAIA
OR
Son of THEMIS

38

How does Prometheus create man kind in the textbook?

He makes them out of clay and Athena breathes life into them

39

What is the etymological significance in Proemetheus's name?

His name means = FORE THOUGHT
deemed a trickster figure and culture hero

40

What is Prometheus's brother's name?

EPIMETHEUS AKA AFTERTHOUGHT

41

Etiology of rationale behind sacrifice?

Prometheus tries to trick Zeus by offering him just bones

42

How did Zeus react to Prometheus's first stunt?

Zeus stole fire from man
- cut off contact
- gave them PANDORA
- A WOMAN

43

How does Prometheus respond to Zeus punishing man kind?

Steals fire back with hollow fennel stalk.

44

What is Prometheus's punishment?

He is bound to a pillar and has his liver eaten daily by an eagle

45

Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days indicates that the origin of woman/marriage/and suffering is one source. Who is that source?

PANDORA

46

Which gods worked together to make Pandora and what did they give her?

Hephaestus made her out of earth and water
Athena clothed her and taught her how to weave
Ahprodite gave her sexual allurement, desire, and their pain.
Hermes gave her the nature of a thief and a bitch

47

What does Pandora's name mean?

All Gifts/ All giver

48

What was inside Pandora's jar?

misery, disease, plague, sickness

49

What remained inside Pandora's jar?

Hope

50

In Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, what is Prometheus described as?

A teacher in every art
- bound to the pilar by Strength and Force

51

IN aeschylus's prometheus bound, prometheus is considered....... where as Zeus is considered .....

Prometheus = philanthropic
Zeus = Tyrannical

52

Story of Io

Io = priestess of Hera that is loved by Zeus
- Hera is jealous and turns Io into a cow
- cow Io guarded by Argus

53

What is so special about Argus?

He sees all

54

How does Hermes gain the "Argus Slayer" title?

He kills argus in his sleep because zeus wants to get Io back

55

What does Hermes do with Argus's eyes?

He puts them on a peacock
etiology for peacock tail

56

What is hera's bird?

The peacock

57

What happens to Io after she is freed?

She is tormented by Gadly
- etiology for cows being surrounded by flies

58

Where does Io regain human form?

Egypt

59

Zeus and Lyaceon

- Ovid's Metamorphoses
- Zeus spies on mortals and demands worship
- Lycaon laughs and tests Zeus
- feeds him human stew
- Zeus turns him into a wolf

60

Deucalion and Phyrra story

- sole survivors after flood
- Oracle of Themis says "toss bones of mother over shoulder"
- deucalion's stones = men
- phyrrha's stones = women

61

Who is Decualion and Phyrra's daughter?

Hellen

62

Why is Hellen's name significant?

Greeks called themselves Hellenes -- Hellen = ancestor of greeks