Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (62):
Battle of titans between olympians
How long did the Titanomachy last?
Who was on Cronus's side?
the titans and atlas
Who was on Zeus's side?
Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon ( the olympians)
- the cyclopes
- the hundred handers
What does Themis represent?
What does Prometheus represent?
Law and Order
Prometheus represents cunningness
What became of the stone that Cronus vomited?
Stone = Omphalos = Navel
- in apollo's shrine at Delphi
Greek word for battle
What mountain did the Titans fight from during the Titanomachy?
What mountain did the Olympians fight from?
What did the cyclopes do to support the olympians?
What did the 100 handers do to support the olympians?
They threw spears in an uzi like fashion
Giants come from the word Genesis. What does Genesis mean?
What do giants look like?
- Artistic representations
- snaky/reptile lower half
When the giants lost their battle against Zeus, where were they imprisoned?
underneath the earth
- aitia for volancoes
Story of Otus and Ephialtes
2 giants trying to destroy zeus
- tried to storm heaven by stacking 3 mountains on top of one another
(mt. olympus, ossa, pelion)
- TYPON/ TYPHOEUS vs. Zeus
Who was Typhon?
- Offspring of Gaia and Tartarus
- fire breathing snaky bottom half
- 100 heads with 100 sounds
- babylonian myth
- Marduk fights Tiamat
- parallels zeus and typhon
Kingship in Heaven
- Hittite Myth
- KUMBARBI (cronus) bites off genitals of ANU (Uranus)
Folktale motifs within Zeus's tale
- child of extraordinary parents --> gods
- unusual conception / childhood--> divine child archetype
- close to nature --> raised by goats
Zeus... upon attaining adulthood (motifs found)
- near death experience
-ultimate success (seen in slaying typhon)
What explanation does Hesiod's Theogony give towards the appearance of mortals?
What are the two versions behind Ovid's Metamorphoses?
1) Creator of the Universe creates mortals through seed
2.) Prometheus creates Mortals
What are the 5 ages in Hesiod's WORKS and Days?
How do Ovid's ages differ from Hesiod's?
Ovid only counts 4 ages and does NOT count the age of MAN
The Age of Gold
- created by Olympians
- Cronus Rules
- Mortals are almost immortal that have painless deaths
- When they die they roam the earth as spirits
The Age of Silver
- created by olympians
- childlike until age 100 and died shortly after
- prime of life = short and violent
- refused to honour gods
The Age of Bronze
- created by Zeus
- used bronze weapons and killed each other
- went to hades
Age of Heroes
- created by Zeus
- race of Godlike mortals - heroes / DEMI GODS
- most died
For the heroes who survived, where did they go?
Islands of the Blessed
The Iron Age
- hesio'd age/ our own
- endless labor and strife
- little good/ lots of evil
Who is Aidos?
Sense of modesty/shame
Who is nemesis?
Sense of righteous indignation
What accounts for the legends of the Trojan War?
The "intrusion of heroes" in Hesiod's 5 fold classification
What has an inverse relationship in Hesiod's 5 fold classification?
Progress in technology
Regression in Morality
Who is Prometheus in Hesiod's Theogony?
Son of Titan Iapetus and Oceanid Clymene (Zeus's cousin)
Who is Prometheus in Aeschylus's Prometheus bound?
Son of GAIA
Son of THEMIS
How does Prometheus create man kind in the textbook?
He makes them out of clay and Athena breathes life into them
What is the etymological significance in Proemetheus's name?
His name means = FORE THOUGHT
deemed a trickster figure and culture hero
What is Prometheus's brother's name?
EPIMETHEUS AKA AFTERTHOUGHT
Etiology of rationale behind sacrifice?
Prometheus tries to trick Zeus by offering him just bones
How did Zeus react to Prometheus's first stunt?
Zeus stole fire from man
- cut off contact
- gave them PANDORA
- A WOMAN
How does Prometheus respond to Zeus punishing man kind?
Steals fire back with hollow fennel stalk.
What is Prometheus's punishment?
He is bound to a pillar and has his liver eaten daily by an eagle
Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days indicates that the origin of woman/marriage/and suffering is one source. Who is that source?
Which gods worked together to make Pandora and what did they give her?
Hephaestus made her out of earth and water
Athena clothed her and taught her how to weave
Ahprodite gave her sexual allurement, desire, and their pain.
Hermes gave her the nature of a thief and a bitch
What does Pandora's name mean?
All Gifts/ All giver
What was inside Pandora's jar?
misery, disease, plague, sickness
What remained inside Pandora's jar?
In Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, what is Prometheus described as?
A teacher in every art
- bound to the pilar by Strength and Force
IN aeschylus's prometheus bound, prometheus is considered....... where as Zeus is considered .....
Prometheus = philanthropic
Zeus = Tyrannical
Story of Io
Io = priestess of Hera that is loved by Zeus
- Hera is jealous and turns Io into a cow
- cow Io guarded by Argus
What is so special about Argus?
He sees all
How does Hermes gain the "Argus Slayer" title?
He kills argus in his sleep because zeus wants to get Io back
What does Hermes do with Argus's eyes?
He puts them on a peacock
etiology for peacock tail
What is hera's bird?
What happens to Io after she is freed?
She is tormented by Gadly
- etiology for cows being surrounded by flies
Where does Io regain human form?
Zeus and Lyaceon
- Ovid's Metamorphoses
- Zeus spies on mortals and demands worship
- Lycaon laughs and tests Zeus
- feeds him human stew
- Zeus turns him into a wolf
Deucalion and Phyrra story
- sole survivors after flood
- Oracle of Themis says "toss bones of mother over shoulder"
- deucalion's stones = men
- phyrrha's stones = women
Who is Decualion and Phyrra's daughter?