Chapter 20 - Girding for War: The north and the South, 1861-1865 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Chapter Key Terms > Chapter 20 - Girding for War: The north and the South, 1861-1865 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 20 - Girding for War: The north and the South, 1861-1865 Deck (30)
1

Fort Sumter

Sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina. Civil War started with a battle here. One of the two significant forts in the South that still flew their stars and stripes.

2

Col. Robert Anderson

was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defied the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861.

3

Border States

They were laves states that did not secede from the Union. The border states are: Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

4

Billy Yank

the personification of the Northern states of the United States, or less generally, the Union during the American Civil War

5

Johnny Reb

personification of the Southern states of the United States, or less generally, the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

6

Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.

7

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee.

8

King Cotton

King Cotton, phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War, indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production.

9

King Wheat

Term for the economic and political importance of wheat production.

10

King Corn

Phrase used when it became the political and economic dominance over King Cotton

11

Trent

Diplomatic incident during the American Civil War that threatened war between the United States and the United Kingdom. The US Navy illegally captured two confederate diplomats from a British ship, but were later released.

12

Alabama

Seceded from the United States on January 11, 1861. Provided troops, food, and horses for the Confederate States during the Civil War.

13

Laird Rams

The Laird rams were two ships secretly funded and constructed at Birkenhead, England on behalf of the Confederacy between 1862-1862.

14

Napoleon III

Didn’t want a war with the United States because he knew it would “spell disaster” and France need cotton.

15

Maximilian

Emperor of Mexico during the American Civil War.

16

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States

17

States Rights

The struggle between the federal government and the states over political power. The main issue was the institution of slavery.

18

Abraham Lincoln

16th President Of The United States. Served from 1861-1865. Was assassinated by James Wilkes Booth in April, 1865.

19

Habeas Corpus

The legal procedure that keeps the government from holding you indefinitely without showing cause.

20

Three-hundred-dollar-men

men who purchased exemption from the draft in the Civil War

21

bounty jumpers

men who avoided the draft

22

Income Tax

percentage of one's paycheck that is given to the government; first put in place in the North during the Civil War

23

Morrill Tariff Act

Northern tariff that increased the previous one 5-10%

24

Greenbacks

Union printed money

25

National Banking Act

established a system of national banks for banks, and created the United States National Banking System. They encouraged development of a national currency backed by bank holdings of U.S. Treasury securities.

26

Inflation

plague of greenback and Confederate money during the Civil War

27

“Shoddy" Wool

Fabric made from wool-processing byproduct, that was cheap in quality and sold at high prices to soldiers by war profiteers.

28

Elizabeth Blackwell

an abolitionist, women's rights activist, and the first female doctor in the United States

29

Clara Barton

Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross

30

Dorothea Dix

A New England teacher and author who spoke against the inhumane treatment of insane prisoners, ca. 1830's. People who suffered from insanity were treated worse than normal criminals. Dorothea Dix traveled over 60,000 miles in 8 years gathering information for her reports, reports that brought about changes in treatment, and also the concept that insanity was a disease of the mind, not a willfully perverse act by an individual.

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