Flashcards in Chapter 20 - Girding for War: The north and the South, 1861-1865 Deck (30)
Sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina. Civil War started with a battle here. One of the two significant forts in the South that still flew their stars and stripes.
Col. Robert Anderson
was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defied the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861.
They were laves states that did not secede from the Union. The border states are: Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.
the personification of the Northern states of the United States, or less generally, the Union during the American Civil War
personification of the Southern states of the United States, or less generally, the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee.
King Cotton, phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War, indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production.
Term for the economic and political importance of wheat production.
Phrase used when it became the political and economic dominance over King Cotton
Diplomatic incident during the American Civil War that threatened war between the United States and the United Kingdom. The US Navy illegally captured two confederate diplomats from a British ship, but were later released.
Seceded from the United States on January 11, 1861. Provided troops, food, and horses for the Confederate States during the Civil War.
The Laird rams were two ships secretly funded and constructed at Birkenhead, England on behalf of the Confederacy between 1862-1862.
Didn’t want a war with the United States because he knew it would “spell disaster” and France need cotton.
Emperor of Mexico during the American Civil War.
President of the Confederate States
The struggle between the federal government and the states over political power. The main issue was the institution of slavery.
16th President Of The United States. Served from 1861-1865. Was assassinated by James Wilkes Booth in April, 1865.
The legal procedure that keeps the government from holding you indefinitely without showing cause.
men who purchased exemption from the draft in the Civil War
men who avoided the draft
percentage of one's paycheck that is given to the government; first put in place in the North during the Civil War
Morrill Tariff Act
Northern tariff that increased the previous one 5-10%
Union printed money
National Banking Act
established a system of national banks for banks, and created the United States National Banking System. They encouraged development of a national currency backed by bank holdings of U.S. Treasury securities.
plague of greenback and Confederate money during the Civil War
Fabric made from wool-processing byproduct, that was cheap in quality and sold at high prices to soldiers by war profiteers.
an abolitionist, women's rights activist, and the first female doctor in the United States
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross