Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Drifting Towards Disunion, 1854-1861 Deck (21)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
An abolitionist who published the heartrending novel uncle tom's cabin. This novel opened the north’s eyes to slavery in the south.
Author of the trouble-brewing book The Impending Crisis of the South, he was also a non aristocratic white from North Carolina. He hated both slavery and blacks. He tried to prove that slave holders suffered more than blacks from slavery.
Another name for the dangerous Breech-holding sharp rifles, which were carried by newcomers who ventured into kansas. They were named after Reverend Henry ward Beecher, who helped finance the purchase for the rifles.
Pro-slavery inhabitants of kansas, who poured into the state from missouri. They set up their own puppet government at Shawnee mission.
Abolitionist from Ohio who led a band of followers to pottawatomie creek and hacked five people to death. He was obsessively dedicated to the abolitionist cause.
The creek where abolitionist John brown and his followers hacked five people to death with a hatchet.
The Lecompton Constitution, the second constitution drafted for Kansas Territory, was written by proslavery supporters. The document permitted slavery, excluded free blacks from living in Kansas, and allowed only male citizens of the United States to vote. Residents of Kansas Territory rejected the Lecompton Constitution.
One of the few abolitionists in the senate in 1856. He delivered a speech named “the crime against Kansas” which condemned proslavery men as uncivilized.
A hot-tempered congressman from south carolina, he was very popular in the south, and he even resigned and was reelected again.
President who sharply divided the democrats, the last strong national party in the United States.
John C. Fremont
the final choice of The Republican party of 1856. He was The so called “pathfinder of The West”
The American Party
otherwise known as the “know-nothing” party, it was created by super patriots who were alarmed by the influx of immigrants into America.
a black slave who who lived on free soil for five years, sued for freedom. He was not granted his freedom by the supreme court.
Roger B. Taney
Roger Brooke Taney was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. Responsible for the Dred Scott decision.
The Freeport Doctrine was a famous oral reply by Stephen Douglas to Abraham Lincoln during their 1858 debates. Douglas stated in the reply that regardless of how the Supreme Court ruled, the law was powerless to stop citizens of a territory who refused to comply.
John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry was an effort by white abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal. He was captured and executed for his role in the failed rebellion.
Robert E. Lee
Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.
John C. Breckenridge
the vice president who was elected by southern democrats in the 1860 election.
Nominee for the Constitution Party in the Election of 1860.
the term used for when the North and South split from each other. South Carolina was the first state to succeed from the north,four days after Lincoln was elected president