Chapter 19 - Drifting Towards Disunion, 1854-1861 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 - Drifting Towards Disunion, 1854-1861 Deck (21)
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1

Harriet Beecher Stowe

An abolitionist who published the heartrending novel uncle tom's cabin. This novel opened the north’s eyes to slavery in the south.

2

Hinton Helper

Author of the trouble-brewing book The Impending Crisis of the South, he was also a non aristocratic white from North Carolina. He hated both slavery and blacks. He tried to prove that slave holders suffered more than blacks from slavery.

3

Beecher's Bibles

Another name for the dangerous Breech-holding sharp rifles, which were carried by newcomers who ventured into kansas. They were named after Reverend Henry ward Beecher, who helped finance the purchase for the rifles.

4

Border Ruffians

Pro-slavery inhabitants of kansas, who poured into the state from missouri. They set up their own puppet government at Shawnee mission.

5

John Brown

Abolitionist from Ohio who led a band of followers to pottawatomie creek and hacked five people to death. He was obsessively dedicated to the abolitionist cause.

6

Pottawatomie Creek

The creek where abolitionist John brown and his followers hacked five people to death with a hatchet.

7

Lecompton Constitution

The Lecompton Constitution, the second constitution drafted for Kansas Territory, was written by proslavery supporters. The document permitted slavery, excluded free blacks from living in Kansas, and allowed only male citizens of the United States to vote. Residents of Kansas Territory rejected the Lecompton Constitution.

8

Charles Sumner

One of the few abolitionists in the senate in 1856. He delivered a speech named “the crime against Kansas” which condemned proslavery men as uncivilized.

9

Preston Brooks

A hot-tempered congressman from south carolina, he was very popular in the south, and he even resigned and was reelected again.

10

James Buchanan

President who sharply divided the democrats, the last strong national party in the United States.

11

John C. Fremont

the final choice of The Republican party of 1856. He was The so called “pathfinder of The West”

12

The American Party

otherwise known as the “know-nothing” party, it was created by super patriots who were alarmed by the influx of immigrants into America.

13

Dred Scott

a black slave who who lived on free soil for five years, sued for freedom. He was not granted his freedom by the supreme court.

14

Roger B. Taney

Roger Brooke Taney was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. Responsible for the Dred Scott decision.

15

Freeport Doctrine

The Freeport Doctrine was a famous oral reply by Stephen Douglas to Abraham Lincoln during their 1858 debates. Douglas stated in the reply that regardless of how the Supreme Court ruled, the law was powerless to stop citizens of a territory who refused to comply.

16

Harpers Ferry

John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry was an effort by white abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal. He was captured and executed for his role in the failed rebellion.

17

Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865.

18

John C. Breckenridge

the vice president who was elected by southern democrats in the 1860 election.

19

John Bell

Nominee for the Constitution Party in the Election of 1860.

20

Secession

the term used for when the North and South split from each other. South Carolina was the first state to succeed from the north,four days after Lincoln was elected president

21

Jefferson Davis

member of the US senate from Mississippi. He was chosen as the president of the confederate States of America.

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