Chapter 38 - The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Chapter Key Terms > Chapter 38 - The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 38 - The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968 Deck (72)
1

John F. Kennedy

the 35th president of the United States

2

Jacqueline Kennedy

Wife of John Kennedy

3

Bobby Kennedy

The attorney general also JFK’s younger brother

4

J. Edgar Hoover

Director of the FBI Who resisted “bobby’s” reform

5

Robert McNamara

Business wiz who left Ford to head the Defense department.

6

Peace Corps

proposed by Kennedy to use volunteering young people to bring American skills to underdeveloped countries

7

Berlin Wall

wall separating east and west Berlin created by the soviet union.

8

Common Market

Free trade area that later became the European Union

9

Trade Expansion Act

initiated tariff cuts of up to 50% to promote trade with the common market

10

Charles de Gaulle

President of France who vetoed the british application to the common Market and developed a french Nuclear program

11

Laos

country let loose by the french that underwent a civil war involving Communism

12

Flexible Response

Military options that could be matched to the gravity of the situation i.e. The Green Berets

13

Ngo Dinh Diem

The corrupt right wing government in vietnam

14

Viet Cong

Guerrilla group during the Vietnam War

15

Alliance for Progress

Alliance with latin American countries that was built to create a stronger middle class in the countries.

16

Fidel Castro

Communist dictator of Cuba

17

Bay of Pigs

Plan using exiles from cuba to topple Fidel Castro that failed.

18

Cuban Missile Crisis

Soviets used cuba as a Nuclear storing ground that lead to a fierce standoff between the two countries who threatened each other with missile attacks for a week.

19

Nikita Khrushchev -

The soviet leader During the cold war who was unpersoned

20

Quarantine

The Blocking Of cuba from any supplies to end the Cuban Missile Crisis.

21

Hot Line

permitted immediate teletype communications in a time of crisis.

22

Freedom Riders

People who toured the south in a bus to protest discrimination and civil violence

23

Martin Luther King Jr

revered leader during the Civil rights movement

24

SNCC

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

25

James Meredith

Student who was violently opposed when he applied to Ole Miss

26

Birmingham

The most segregated city that existed in America

27

March on Washington

Civil rights protest march lead by Martin Luther King jr.

28

"I Have a Dream"

Famous speech given by MLK jr. during the March on washington.

29

Medgar Evers -

black mississippi worker who was killed after the march on washington

30

Lyndon Baines Johnson

Vice President who took over after Kennedy's assassination.

31

The Johnson Treatment

LBJ’s ability to seemingly switch political parties whenever it was needed.

32

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Act that banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public.

33

Affirmative Action

executive order requiring all federal contractors to fight discrimination

34

War on Poverty

Tax bill that was sent through congress by LBJ

35

Great Society

A New deal like program that was created by LBJ That aimed at transforming the Americans way of life.

36

The Other America

Book that laid out how bad poverty was especially in the black communities.

37

Barry Goldwater

Republican Candidate who battled LBJ for the Presidency

38

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

plan to launch a limited military air raid against vietnam after an attack

39

Department of Housing and Urban Development

two new cabinet offices added by LBJ

40

Medicare

health care for the elderly

41

Medicaid

Health Care for the impoverished

42

Entitlements

rights in certain categories that don’t need congressional re-approval

43

Immigration and Nationality Act

abolished the national origins quotas system and doubled the amount of immigrants that were allowed to come into the country

44

Head Start

program designed to better educate the impoverished youth.

45

Voting Rights Act of 1965

outlawed literacy tests and sent registers to many southern states

46

The Twenty-fourth Amendment

abolished poll taxes on federal elections

47

Freedom Summer

massive voter registration drive in Mississippi

48

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party -

group that attempted to get a seat but was denied one at the national democratic convention

49

Selma

city in Alabama where only one percent of the blacks were registered to vote en though they were equally populated to white people

50

Watts

black ghetto in Los Angeles

51

Malcolm X

leader in the civil rights movement who used more violent tactics

52

Elijah Muhammed

Leader of the Black nationalist in the Nation of Islam who preached separatism

53

Black Panthers

violent group of civil rights activists.

54

Stokely Carmichael

Leader of the SNCC

55

Operation Rolling Thunder

Regular full scale bombing runs against northern vietnam

56

Guerrilla Warfare

type of combat that involved using your surroundings and ambushes to achieve victory

57

Six-Day War

war between the soviet controlled egypt and Israel that Israel won in sixty days.

58

Teach-ins

general discussion based on political fairs first held at (x)ichigan University about the Vietnam war draft

59

William Fulbright

senator that staged televised hearings discrediting the war

60

Credibility Gap

The lack of credibility coming from the government to it’s people

61

Cointelpro

FBI counterintelligence program

62

Tet Offensive

Attack that we won but gave the Viet cong a political victory as it showed that this force would not work

63

Eugene McCarthy

-American Politician and poet who served in the House of representatives who lead anti war students as campaigners

64

Hubert Humphrey

LBJ”S appointed “heir” for the democratic nomination.

65

Democratic Convention

convention of the democratic party during the election period

66

Richard Nixon

Republican candidate that took advantage of the divided democrats and secured the presidency

67

George Wallace

Alabama governor who supported segregation forever.

68

Berkeley

Activist from the college had clean cut and sober minded sit ins

69

Sexual Revolution

with the introduction of birth control many people began to appease their sexual appetites than they had before as well as the rise of LGBT rights

70

Stonewall Inn

Brutal attack from police officers on Gay men

71

Students for a Democratic Society

Student group that was at the forefront of anti war and poverty

72

LSD

drug that many students tried during the sixties.

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