Chapter 28 - Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, 1901-1912 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28 - Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, 1901-1912 Deck (55)
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1

Progressives

The Progressive movement took place from the 1890-1920. Progressives lived mainly in the cities, were college educated, and believed that government could be a tool for change. Social reformers, like Jane Addams, and journalists, like Jacob Riis and Ida Tarbel, were powerful voices for progressivism. Major achievements - Prohibition, Direct election of senators, referendum, and the ballot initiative.

2

Laissez-faire

“Hands - off” attitude of the government towards business. Allowed businesses to regulate themselves, and the invisible hand would take care of the rest.

3

Henry Demarest Lloyd

One of the first muckrakers who set the tone for later journalists. Biggest story was an expose of Standard Oil.

4

Jacob Riis

Photographer/muckraker who published “How the Other Half Lives” about the horrible conditions in the New York City slums.

5

Theodore Dreiser

Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code.

6

Jane Addams

Jane Addams was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. She created the first Hull House.

7

Lillian Weld

was an American nurse, humanitarian and author. She founded the Henry Street Settlement and was an early advocate for nursing in schools.

8

McClure's

an American illustrated monthly periodical popular at the turn of the 20th century. The magazine is credited with having started the tradition of muckraking journalism (investigative, watchdog or reform journalism).

9

Lincoln Steffens

a New York reporter who published a book titled “The Shame of the Cities.“ He is remembered for investigating corruption in municipal government in American cities.

10

Ida M. Tarbell

She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is thought to have pioneered investigative journalism. She is best known for her 1904 book, “The History of the Standard Oil Company.”

11

Thomas W. Lawson

Muckraker journalist famous for his critical takes on Wall Street corruption, even though had made a fortune through shady stock market deals.

12

David G. Phillips

Wrote an article called "The Treason of the Senate," exposing campaign contributors being rewarded by certain members of the U. S. Senate.

13

Ray Stannard Baker

Wrote Following the Color Line: An Account of Negro Citizenship in the American Democracy, becoming the first prominent journalist to examine America's racial divide

14

John Spargo

Muckraker. Wrote the Bitter Cry of Children about child labor in coal mines

15

Direct Primary Elections

Progressive reform for political parties would have populations vote on the delegates that will run in the general election. This would stop party corruption from nominating “party insiders”

16

Initiative

Progressive reform. Laws would be allowed to be started by the population of a state instead of by the state legislature.

17

Referendum

Progressive reform. Some laws would be presented to the public for an up or down vote. (Recent example: the marijuana legalization law from last year)

18

Recall

Progressive reform. Allowed voters to vote to take a sitting governor out of power.

19

Australian Ballot

Progressive reform. Ballots are secret, so voters wouldn’t be intimidated.

20

Millionaires' Club -

Snide nickname for the US Senate

21

Seventeenth Amendment

Progressive reform. Provided for direct election of senators, instead of the old practice of the state congress picking the nominees for the US Senate.

22

Suffragists

A general term for people who were part of the women’s suffrage (voting rights) movement.

23

Robert M. La Follette

Fightin’ Bob La Follete was a progressive Republican Senator and Governor from Wisconsin.

24

The Wisconsin Idea

Progressive-era policy to apply the expertise of the state's university to social legislation that benefited all the state's citizens; it led to classic programs such as regulation of utilities, workers' compensation, tax reform, and university extension services.

25

Hiram W. Johnson

Republican Governor of California in 1910, this dynamic prosecutor of grafters helped break the dominant grip of the Southern Pacific Railroad on California politics and then, like La Follette, set up a political machine of his own

26

Charles Evans Hughes

the able and audacious reformist Republican governor of New York, had earlier gained national fame as an investigator of malpractices by gas and insurance companies and by the coal trust.

27

Triangle Shirtwaist Company

Shirt factory in NYC that had locked doors and other flagrant violations of the fire code turned the factory into a death trap when it caught on fire in 1911 146 women burned to death. The tragedy led to public outcry and a strike led the New York legislature to pass much stronger laws regulating the hours and conditions of sweatshop toil.

28

Muller v. Oregon

attorney Louis D. Brandeis persuaded the Supreme Court to accept the constitutionality of laws protecting women workers by presenting evidence of the harmful effects of factory labor on women's weaker bodies. This victory had the benefit of protecting women workers, but because of its argument, closed some jobs to women.

29

Lochner v. New York

1905 Supreme Court decision which invalidated a New York law establishing a ten-hour day for bakers.

30

Woman's Christian Temperance Union

by Frances E. Willard became the largest organization of women in the world. It allied with the Anti-Saloon League to fight alcoholism by closing saloons and beer halls.

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