Flashcards in Chapter 25 - America Moves to the Cities, 1865-1900 Deck (62)
Chicago architect who contributed to the development of the skyscraper with his principle “form follows function”
An early form of the city that had little or no public transportation. Most people walked to work, and houses were clustered around factories or apartment buildings. Neighborhoods were jumbled together and mansions were sometimes just down the block from tenements.
attracted urban middle class-shoppers and provided working-class jobs (many for women); consumerism and showed class division; examples are Macy's and Marshall Field's
Urban apartment buildings that served as housing for poor factory workers. Often poorly constructed and overcrowded
Birds of Passage
those who worked in America for a number of years and after earning a decent amount of money, they would travel back to their home country
labor boss; met immigrants and secured jobs wherever there was a demand for industrial labor; could speak both Italian and English; often gave homes to newcomers
Influential politicians who demanded payoffs from business and helped the poor to try to win votes.
Movement led by Washington Gladden - taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization.
established Hull House, the most prominent American settlement house. Addams condemned war as well as poverty. Hull House offered instruction in English, counseling to help immigrants deal with American big-city life, childcare services for working mothers, and cultural activities for neighborhood residents.
the most prominent American settlement house; it offered instruction in English, counseling to help immigrants deal with American big-city life, childcare services for working mothers, and cultural activities for neighborhood residents.
Lillian Wald established Henry Street Settlement in New York in 1893. The settlement houses became centers of women's activism and of social reform., neighborhood centers in poor areas that offered education, recreation, and social activities
was a lifelong fighter for the welfare of women, children, blacks, and consumers. The pioneering work of Addams, Wald, and Kelley helped to create the trail that many women later followed into careers in the new profession of social work. The urban frontier opened new possibilities for women. The vast majority of working women were single due to the fact that society considered employment for wives and mothers taboo
worried that the original Anglo-Saxon population would soon be outnumbered and outvoted; considered eastern and southern European immigrants inferior to themselves. They blamed the immigrants for the dreadful conditions of urban government, and unionists attacked the immigrants for their willingness to work for small wages.
the white people who lived in america
American Protective Association
Created in 1887, it urged to vote against Roman Catholic candidates for office.
Statue of Liberty
A gift from the people of France displayed in the New York Harbor
"soldiers without swords" invaded america from England in 1879 and established a beachhead on the street corners. Appealing to he down and outers; did much practical good especially with free soup
established before the civil war but grew after. Combined physical and other kinds of education with religious instruction, and appeared in virtually every major american city by the end of the 19th century
Scientist that studied and introduced widely the idea of evolution to society.
Origin of the Species
1859 Published by Charles Darwin stated that humans had slowly evolved from lower forms of life. The theory of evolution cast serious doubt on the idea of religion
stood firmly in their beliefs of God and religion, despite the introduction of Darwin's research, and in fact condemned those who believed in it
flatly refused to accept the Bible in its entirety due to Darwin's research
teacher-training schools and experienced great expansion after civil war.
teaching to younger children; gained strong support
an adult education movement in the United States, highly popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Booker T. Washington
The leading champion of black education; ex-slave; He taught in 1881 at the black normal and industrial school at Tuskegee, Alabama. His self-help approach to solving the nation's racial problems was labeled "accommodationist" because it stopped short of directly challenging white supremacy; avoided the issue of social equality.
George Washington Carver taught and researched here; trained young blacks in agriculture and the trades
Term given to Booker T. Washington's method of solving race issues--he helped blacks by promoting their economic value but not challenging white supremacy
George Washington Carver
A black chemist and director of agriculture at the Tuskegee Institute, where he invented many new uses for peanuts. He believed that education was the key to improving the social status of blacks.