Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Chapter Key Terms > Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 Deck (57)
Loading flashcards...
1

Productivity

Slumped after the economic boom 25 years after WWI

2

Inflation

Fed by rising oil prices and Great Society/Vietnam funding w/o tax increases

3

Liberal Establishment

Nixon thought they hid him from the public in the 50s

4

Vietnamization

Withdrawing 540k troops from South Vietnam, while training Vietnamese to fight

5

Silent Majority

Supposed majority who supported the war, appealed to by Nixon

6

Nattering Nabobs of Negativism

Unleashed upon by VP Agnew, demanded withdrawal from Vietnam

7

My Lai

Deepened disgust w/ war, a village full of innocents was massacred by American troops

8

Cambodia

Nixon ordered troops to help SV to clear out troops in NV and VC major base

9

Kent State University

Where Natl Gaurd fired into crowd protesting Cambodian invasion

10

Twenty-sixth Amendment

Lowered voting age to 18, pleased youth

11

Pentagon Papers

Leaked to NYT, Pentagon study over failures of Kennedy/Johnson

12

Daniel Ellsberg

released the Pentagon Papers

13

Henry Kissinger

Natl Security Adviser; met with Nixon in Paris to negotiate end of war, prepared path to Beijing, Moscow

14

Détente

Period of relaxed tension between RU/CH

15

ABM Treaty

Limited US and USSR to two clusters of defensive missiles

16

SALT Treaty

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, aimed to freeze # of long-range missiles

17

MIRVs

Multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles, many weapons on one vehicle

18

Judicial Activism -

Series of decisions drastically and directly affecting the individual

19

Miranda

Ensured right to remain silent and other protections when accused

20

Engel v. Vitale

Prohibited required prayers, bible reading in schools

21

Warren Berger

Succeeded Earl Warren in 1969

22

Roe v. Wade

Legalized abortion

23

Aid to Families with Dependent Children -

Welfare program approved by Nixon

24

Reverse Discrimination

Belief held by criticizers of new opportunities for minorities/women

25

Environmental Protection Agency

Wanted to make sure environment was not being polluted

26

Occupational Health and Safety Administration

Made factories have stricter office rules/restrictions for safety

27

Silent Spring

Rachel Carson; exposed poisonous effects of pesticides

28

Clean Air Act

Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; reduced automobile emissions and cleaned up toxic waste

29

Endangered Species Act

Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; protected endangered animals

30

Southern Strategy

NIxon's election strategy based around appealing to the racist elements of the South that were turned off by the Civil Rights Act passed by LBJ, a Democrat.

Decks in APUSH Chapter Key Terms Class (42):