Flashcards in Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 Deck (57)
Slumped after the economic boom 25 years after WWI
Fed by rising oil prices and Great Society/Vietnam funding w/o tax increases
Nixon thought they hid him from the public in the 50s
Withdrawing 540k troops from South Vietnam, while training Vietnamese to fight
Supposed majority who supported the war, appealed to by Nixon
Nattering Nabobs of Negativism
Unleashed upon by VP Agnew, demanded withdrawal from Vietnam
Deepened disgust w/ war, a village full of innocents was massacred by American troops
Nixon ordered troops to help SV to clear out troops in NV and VC major base
Kent State University
Where Natl Gaurd fired into crowd protesting Cambodian invasion
Lowered voting age to 18, pleased youth
Leaked to NYT, Pentagon study over failures of Kennedy/Johnson
released the Pentagon Papers
Natl Security Adviser; met with Nixon in Paris to negotiate end of war, prepared path to Beijing, Moscow
Period of relaxed tension between RU/CH
Limited US and USSR to two clusters of defensive missiles
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, aimed to freeze # of long-range missiles
Multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles, many weapons on one vehicle
Judicial Activism -
Series of decisions drastically and directly affecting the individual
Ensured right to remain silent and other protections when accused
Engel v. Vitale
Prohibited required prayers, bible reading in schools
Succeeded Earl Warren in 1969
Roe v. Wade
Aid to Families with Dependent Children -
Welfare program approved by Nixon
Belief held by criticizers of new opportunities for minorities/women
Environmental Protection Agency
Wanted to make sure environment was not being polluted
Occupational Health and Safety Administration
Made factories have stricter office rules/restrictions for safety
Rachel Carson; exposed poisonous effects of pesticides
Clean Air Act
Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; reduced automobile emissions and cleaned up toxic waste
Endangered Species Act
Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; protected endangered animals
NIxon's election strategy based around appealing to the racist elements of the South that were turned off by the Civil Rights Act passed by LBJ, a Democrat.
Demo Nom. in 1972; got antiwar/minority support, but alienated traditional working class
War Powers Act
Passed over Nixon veto; required President to report to Congress within 48 hours of committing troops to foreign conflict
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; in Middle East
June 17, 1972, five men arrested when caught planting 'bugs' in Demo. HQ
Republican Committee for Re-election of the President, major player in Watergate
Harassed by IRS under Nixon; all innocent
Name given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public and press.
John Dean -
served s white house council under Nixon and was deeply involved in the watergate scandal.
the privilege, claimed by the president for the executive branch of the US government, of withholding information in the public interest.
Vice president to Nixon after Spiro Agnew had to resign due to corruption
Saturday Night Massacre
The Saturday Night Massacre was the term used by political commentators to refer to U.S. President Richard Nixon's dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox
Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 is a federal law that states: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for all citizens regardless of gender; it seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters.
the ending of a policy of racial segregation
White people moving from cities to Suburbs
an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.
United States v. Wheeler
United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held the Double Jeopardy Clause does not bar the federal prosecution of a Native American (Indian) who has already been prosecuted by the tribe.
39th president of the United States
third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.
Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel
Camp David Accords
signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David
Shah of Iran
Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi was the Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982
The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972 and 1979, respectively, and were intended to restrain the arms race in strategic (long-range or intercontinental) ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons.
Iranian Shia Muslim religious leader, philosopher, revolutionary and politician
Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan; this action ended a decade of improving US-Soviet relations