Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Chapter Key Terms > Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 Deck (57)
1

Productivity

Slumped after the economic boom 25 years after WWI

2

Inflation

Fed by rising oil prices and Great Society/Vietnam funding w/o tax increases

3

Liberal Establishment

Nixon thought they hid him from the public in the 50s

4

Vietnamization

Withdrawing 540k troops from South Vietnam, while training Vietnamese to fight

5

Silent Majority

Supposed majority who supported the war, appealed to by Nixon

6

Nattering Nabobs of Negativism

Unleashed upon by VP Agnew, demanded withdrawal from Vietnam

7

My Lai

Deepened disgust w/ war, a village full of innocents was massacred by American troops

8

Cambodia

Nixon ordered troops to help SV to clear out troops in NV and VC major base

9

Kent State University

Where Natl Gaurd fired into crowd protesting Cambodian invasion

10

Twenty-sixth Amendment

Lowered voting age to 18, pleased youth

11

Pentagon Papers

Leaked to NYT, Pentagon study over failures of Kennedy/Johnson

12

Daniel Ellsberg

released the Pentagon Papers

13

Henry Kissinger

Natl Security Adviser; met with Nixon in Paris to negotiate end of war, prepared path to Beijing, Moscow

14

Détente

Period of relaxed tension between RU/CH

15

ABM Treaty

Limited US and USSR to two clusters of defensive missiles

16

SALT Treaty

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, aimed to freeze # of long-range missiles

17

MIRVs

Multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles, many weapons on one vehicle

18

Judicial Activism -

Series of decisions drastically and directly affecting the individual

19

Miranda

Ensured right to remain silent and other protections when accused

20

Engel v. Vitale

Prohibited required prayers, bible reading in schools

21

Warren Berger

Succeeded Earl Warren in 1969

22

Roe v. Wade

Legalized abortion

23

Aid to Families with Dependent Children -

Welfare program approved by Nixon

24

Reverse Discrimination

Belief held by criticizers of new opportunities for minorities/women

25

Environmental Protection Agency

Wanted to make sure environment was not being polluted

26

Occupational Health and Safety Administration

Made factories have stricter office rules/restrictions for safety

27

Silent Spring

Rachel Carson; exposed poisonous effects of pesticides

28

Clean Air Act

Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; reduced automobile emissions and cleaned up toxic waste

29

Endangered Species Act

Led EPA and OSHA to the front of the battle for ecological safety; protected endangered animals

30

Southern Strategy

NIxon's election strategy based around appealing to the racist elements of the South that were turned off by the Civil Rights Act passed by LBJ, a Democrat.

31

George McGovern

Demo Nom. in 1972; got antiwar/minority support, but alienated traditional working class

32

War Powers Act

Passed over Nixon veto; required President to report to Congress within 48 hours of committing troops to foreign conflict

33

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; in Middle East

34

Watergate

June 17, 1972, five men arrested when caught planting 'bugs' in Demo. HQ

35

CREEP

Republican Committee for Re-election of the President, major player in Watergate

36

Enemies List

Harassed by IRS under Nixon; all innocent

37

Plumbers

Name given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public and press.

38

John Dean -

served s white house council under Nixon and was deeply involved in the watergate scandal.

39

Executive Privilege

the privilege, claimed by the president for the executive branch of the US government, of withholding information in the public interest.

40

Gerald Ford

Vice president to Nixon after Spiro Agnew had to resign due to corruption

41

Saturday Night Massacre

The Saturday Night Massacre was the term used by political commentators to refer to U.S. President Richard Nixon's dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox

42

Title IX

Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 is a federal law that states: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."

43

ERA

The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for all citizens regardless of gender; it seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters.

44

Desegregation

the ending of a policy of racial segregation

45

white flight

White people moving from cities to Suburbs

46

affirmative action

an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.

47

United States v. Wheeler

United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held the Double Jeopardy Clause does not bar the federal prosecution of a Native American (Indian) who has already been prosecuted by the tribe.

48

Jimmy Carter

39th president of the United States

49

Anwar Sadat

third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.

50

Menachem Begin

Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel

51

Camp David Accords

signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David

52

Shah of Iran

Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi‎ was the Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979

53

Leonid Brezhnev

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982

54

SALT II

The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972 and 1979, respectively, and were intended to restrain the arms race in strategic (long-range or intercontinental) ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons.

55

Ayatollah Khomeini

Iranian Shia Muslim religious leader, philosopher, revolutionary and politician

56

Afghanistan

Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan; this action ended a decade of improving US-Soviet relations

57

Hostage Crisis

The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981

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