Chapter 29 - Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29 - Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916 Deck (28)
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1

Bull Moose

Roosevelt, he felt as strong as a bull moose and it became part of the political zoo.

2

New Nationalism

A speech in Osawatomie, Kansas, on September 1, 1910. The central issue Roosevelt argued was government protection of human welfare and property rights, but he also argued that human welfare was more important than property rights.

3

New Freedom

Wilson’s policy that favored small businesses, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and non monopolized markets.

4

Underwood Tariff

Reduced import fees, and lost tax revenue would be replaced with an income tax that was implemented with the 16th amendment. Passed by the House.

5

The Federal Reserve Act

Very important, passed by Wilson and oversaw a nationwide system of 12 regional reserve districts, each with their own central bank. Able to issue paper money - federal reserve notes.

6

Federal Trade Commission Act

A committee formed to investigate industries engaging in interstate commerce. It was created to stop unfair trade practices and to regulate and crush monopolies.

7

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

Act lengthened the sherman antitrust act and confered benefits on labor. Sought to exempt labor and agricultural organizations from antitrust prosecution, while legalizing strikes and peaceful picketing.

8

The Federal Farm Loan Act

Made credit available to farmers at low interest rates.

9

Warehouse Act -

Authorized loans on the security staple crops

10

La Follette Seamen's Act

All american ships were required decent treatment and fair wages of laborers

11

Workingmen's Compensation Act

granted assistance to federal civil-service employees during periods of disability.

12

Adamson Act

Established the 8 hour workday for all railroad employees of interstate commerce with extra pay for overtime.

13

Louis D. Brandeis

prominent reformer who was the first jew to be called to be on the supreme court

14

Intervention in Haiti

Wilson sent troops to Haiti to protect American lives and property from the current political uprising

15

Victoriano Huerta

Installed president after the mexican people revolted

16

Venustiano Carranza

Main political rival of Huerta and Villa that took power after his fall supported by america

17

Francisco ("Pancho") Villa

Main Political rival of Huerta and Carranza and crossed the border to kill 19 Americans

18

ABC Powers

The combined powers of Argentina Brazil and Chile

19

John J. ("Black Jack") Pershing

General who attacked mexico in order to break up the bandit bands.

20

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria’s combined power in World War One

21

Allied Powers

France Britain Russia Italy and Japan’s combined powers

22

Kaiser Wilhelm II

The German Kaiser during WW1 embodied autocracy to the Americans

23

Submarine warfare

Strategy Germany employed to antagonize Great Britain, but hurt America’s relations with Germany by sinking passenger boats that held Americans.

24

RMS Lusitania

British passenger ship torpedoed by German Uboats. Killed 1,100 including 120 Americans. Nearly two years would pass before the United States formally entered World War I, but the sinking of the Lusitania played a significant role in turning public opinion against Germany, both in the United States and abroad.

25

RMS Arabic

An English passenger boat that held 2 Americans that was sunk by the German navy in August 1915.

26

Sussex

A French passenger ship that was torpedoed by Germany. It violated an agreement that Germany made to not sink unarmed and unresisting passenger ships without warning.

27

Charles Evans Hughes

former Governor of New York who was drafted to the supreme court by the Republicans to combat Wilson and his policies.

28

"He Kept Us Out of War"

slogan used in Wilson’s campaign for a second term of presidency

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