Chapter 22 - Toxicology Emergencies Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 22 - Toxicology Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 22 - Toxicology Emergencies Deck (19):
1

any substance - solid, liquid or gas that impairs heath or causes death by its chemical action when it enters the body or comes in contact with the skin

poison

2

a drug or substane that is poisonous to a human and will cause certain adverse effects that may potentially lead to death

toxin

3

S/S
history of ingestion
swelling of mucosal membranes in the mouth
nausea
vomiting
diarrhea
AMS
abd pain, tenderness, distention, cramps
burns or stains around mouth
unusual breath/BO
resp distress
altered heart rate
dilated or constricted pupils
warm and dry or cool and moist skin
coma
seizures

poisoning by ingestion

4

s/s
Hx of inhalation of toxins
dyspnea
SOB
chest pain/tightness
cough, stridor, wheezing or crackles
hoarseness
copious secretions
oral or pharyngeal burns
dizziness
H/A
confusion
seizures
AMS
cyanosis
resp rate fast/slow
N/V
paint on lips
singed nasal hairs
soot in the sputum
soot in throat

inhaled poisoning

5

S/S
weakness/lethargy
dizziness
chills
fever
N/V
euphoria
sedation
high or low BP
pupillary changes
needle tracks
pain at site of injection
dyspnea
abnormal vitals
possible paralysis
swelling/redness at site of injection

toxic injection

6

S/S
history of exposure to poisonous substance
traces of liquid or powder on the Pt skin
burns
itching and/or irritation
redness
swelling

adsorbed poison

7

S/S
fluid-filled, oozing blisters
itching and burning
swelling
possible pain
rash

poisonous plant

8

from contaminated food and water, or from undercooked food

salmonella

9

common poisoning from contaminated poultry, milk, and water

campylobacter

10

severe gastrointestinal poisoning from numerous contaminated foods, undercooked foods, and untreated (contaminated) water

escherichia coli (e.coli)

11

food poisoning from unhygienic food preparation, associated with foods served cold (such as desserts, custards, and salads

staphylococcus aurenus

12

S/S
H/A
tachypnea
N/V
AMS
high pulse ox

CO2 poisoning

13

early S/S
H/A
confusion
agitation or combative behavior
burning sensation in the mouth or throat
dyspnea
hypertension
bradycardia or tachycardia
smell of bitter almonds

cyanide poisoning

14

late S/S
seizures
coma
hypotension
PE
cardiac dysrhythmias
acidosis

or large dose cyanide poisoning

15

S/S
burns to mouth and lips, around face
dysphagia (difficulty swallowing, drooling)
pain to the lips, mouth, throat
abd pain
hoarsness or dysphasia (difficulty speaking)
stridor
dyspnea
evidence of shock

caustic poisoning

16

a substance that neutralizes the effects of a poison or a toxin substance

antidote

17

have extremely high pH

alkalis

18

have extremely low pH

strong acids

19

substances produced from crude oil, coal, or plant sources

hydrocarbons

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):