Chapter 34 - Chest Trauma Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 34 - Chest Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 34 - Chest Trauma Deck (9)
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1

an open wound to the chest that permits air to enter into the thoracic cavity

sucking chest wound

2

bleeding within the lung tissue that causes a disturbance in gas exchange between the alveoli and the lungs

pulmonary contusion

3

weak area on the surface of the lung

bleb

4

blood in the pleural space, causing collapse of the lung

hemothorax

5

a severe and sudden compression of the thorax that causes a rapid increase in pressure within the chest that affects blood flow, ventilation, and oxygenation

traumatic asphyxia

6

a bruise to the heart wall caused by severe blunt trauma to the chest where the heart is violently compressed between the sternum and the spinal cord

cardiac contusion

7

sudden cardiac arrest caused by a projectile, such as a baseball, striking the anterior chest.

commotio cordis

8

tough fibrous sac that surrounds the heart

pericardial sac

9

blood or fluid filling the fibrous sac around the heart, causing compression of the heart and decreasing the ability of the ventricles to effectively fill and eject blood

pericardial tamponade

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):