Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology Deck (212)
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1

The function of the living body and its parts. (How the body works)

Physiology

2

The patient is lying face up on his back.

Supine

3

The patient is laying face down on his stomach.

Prone

4

The patient is lying on his left or right side.

Lateral recumbent (recovery) position

5

The patient is lying on his back with his upper body elevated at 45° to 60° angle.

Fowler's position

6

The patient is lying on his back with the upper body elevated at an angle less than 45°

Semi-Fowler's position

7

The patient is lying on his back with the legs elevated higher than the head and body and inclined plane. (Head down, legs up)

Trendelenburg position

8

Refers to the structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to each other. (How the body is made.)

Anatomy

9

: to make (a treatment or procedure) inadvisable

Contraindicate

10

This is an alternative to the Trendelenburg position, we're only the feet and legs are elevated approximately 12 inches.

Shock position

11

Imaginary divisions of the body.

Anatomical planes

12

Vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments.

The segments do not have to be equal.

If the plane divides the body into two equal halves it would be referred to as the_____.

Sagittal plane
Mid sagittal plane

13

The plane that divides the body into front and back halves.

Front or coronal plane

14

Plane that is parallel to the ground and divides the body into upper and lower halves. It may be referred to as the axial plane.

Transverse or horizontal plane

15

(With the patient facing you) Imagine a line drawn vertically through the middle of the patient's body, beginning at the top of the head and continuing down through the nose and the Naval and to the ground between the legs. Corresponds with the mid sagittal plane because it divides the body into equal halves

Midline

16

Visualize a patient standing in profile. Now drawn imaginary line vertically from the middle of the patients armpit down to the ankle.

Midaxillary line

17

A vertical line drawn side to side through the body from the mid axillary line on one side to the mid axillary line on the opposite side forms the frontal plane and divides the body into the ______ and the ______.

Anterior plane (patients front) and posterior plane (patients back)

18

Visualize the normal anatomical position. Drawing imaginary line horizontally through the patients wrist.

Transverse line

19

A horizontal line drawn through the body, front to back, at the waist forms the transverse plane and divides the body into the _____ and the ____.

Superior plane (above the waist) and the inferior plane (below the waist.

20

Anterior

Toward the front

21

Posterior

Toward the back

22

Superior

Towards the head or above the point of reference

23

Inferior

Toward the feet or below the point of reference

24

Dorsal

Toward the back or backbone (spine)

25

Ventral

Toward the front or belly (abdomen)

26

Medial

Toward the midline or center of the body

27

Lateral

The left or right of the midline, or away from the midline of the body.

28

Bilateral

Both left and right, meaning "on both sides."

29

Unilateral

Refers to one side

30

Contralateral

The opposite side

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