Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Anatomy Physiology and Medical Terminology Deck (212)
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1
Q
The function of the living body and its parts. (How the body works)
A
Physiology
2
Q
The patient is lying face up on his back.
A
Supine
3
Q
The patient is laying face down on his stomach.
A
Prone
4
Q
The patient is lying on his left or right side.
A
Lateral recumbent (recovery) position
5
Q
The patient is lying on his back with his upper body elevated at 45° to 60° angle.
A
Fowler's position
6
Q
The patient is lying on his back with the upper body elevated at an angle less than 45°
A
Semi-Fowler's position
7
Q
The patient is lying on his back with the legs elevated higher than the head and body and inclined plane. (Head down, legs up)
A
Trendelenburg position
8
Q
Refers to the structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to each other. (How the body is made.)
A
Anatomy
9
Q
: to make (a treatment or procedure) inadvisable
A
Contraindicate
10
Q
This is an alternative to the Trendelenburg position, we're only the feet and legs are elevated approximately 12 inches.
A
Shock position
11
Q
Imaginary divisions of the body.
A
Anatomical planes
12
Q
Vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments.

The segments do not have to be equal.

If the plane divides the body into two equal halves it would be referred to as the_____.
A
Sagittal plane
Mid sagittal plane
13
Q
The plane that divides the body into front and back halves.
A
Front or coronal plane
14
Q
Plane that is parallel to the ground and divides the body into upper and lower halves. It may be referred to as the axial plane.
A
Transverse or horizontal plane
15
Q
(With the patient facing you) Imagine a line drawn vertically through the middle of the patient's body, beginning at the top of the head and continuing down through the nose and the Naval and to the ground between the legs. Corresponds with the mid sagittal plane because it divides the body into equal halves
A
Midline
16
Q
Visualize a patient standing in profile. Now drawn imaginary line vertically from the middle of the patients armpit down to the ankle.
A
Midaxillary line
17
Q
A vertical line drawn side to side through the body from the mid axillary line on one side to the mid axillary line on the opposite side forms the frontal plane and divides the body into the ______ and the ______.
A
Anterior plane (patients front) and posterior plane (patients back)
18
Q
Visualize the normal anatomical position. Drawing imaginary line horizontally through the patients wrist.
A
Transverse line
19
Q
A horizontal line drawn through the body, front to back, at the waist forms the transverse plane and divides the body into the _____ and the ____.
A
Superior plane (above the waist) and the inferior plane (below the waist.
20
Q
Anterior
A
Toward the front
21
Q
Posterior
A
Toward the back
22
Q
Superior
A
Towards the head or above the point of reference
23
Q
Inferior
A
Toward the feet or below the point of reference
24
Q
Dorsal
A
Toward the back or backbone (spine)
25
Q
Ventral
A
Toward the front or belly (abdomen)
26
Q
Medial
A
Toward the midline or center of the body
27
Q
Lateral
A
The left or right of the midline, or away from the midline of the body.
28
Q
Bilateral
A
Both left and right, meaning "on both sides."
29
Q
Unilateral
A
Refers to one side
30
Q
Contralateral
A
The opposite side
31
Q
Proximal
A
Near the point of reference
32
Q
Distal
A
Distant; or far from the point of reference.
33
Q
Refers to the center of each of the collarbones (clavicle).
A
Midclavicular
34
Q
Extends from the center of either collarbone down the anterior thorax.
A
Midclavicular line
35
Q
Refers to the center of the armpit
A
Midaxillary
36
Q
Extends from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.
A
Midaxillary line
37
Q
Refers to the sole of the foot.
A
Plantar
38
Q
Abdominal quadrants
A
Right upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Left lower quadrant
39
Q
The skeletal system serves four functions :
A
Giving the body it's shape
Protecting vital organs
Allowing for movement
Storing minerals and producing blood cells
40
Q
The skeletal has six basic components :
A
Skull
Spinal column
Thorax
Pelvis
Upper extremities
Lower extremities
41
Q
The interlocking bones of the cranium :
A
Occipital
Two parietal
Two temporal
Frontal
42
Q
Orbits
A
Eye sockets
43
Q
Nasal bones
A
Bed of the nose
44
Q
Maxillae
A
Fused bones of the upper jaw
45
Q
Zygomatic bones
A
Cheekbones
46
Q
Mandible
A
Lower jaw
47
Q
Irregularly shaped blocks of bone
A
Vertebrae
48
Q
Between each two vertebrae is a fluid-filled pad of tough elastic cartilage called the ________.
A
Intervertebral disk
49
Q
C1-C7 (neck) The first seven vertebrae form the _______, which is the most prone to injury.
A
Cervical spine
50
Q
T1-T12 (upper back) The 12 thoracic vertebrae that are directly inferior to the cervical spine from the upper back. The twelve pairs of _____ ribs are attached to the spine posteriorly and help support the vertebrae.
A
Thoracic spine
51
Q
L1-L5 (lower back) The next five vertebrae from the lower back, and are the least mobile of the vertebrae. Most lower back injuries involve muscles, not vertebrae.
A
Lumbar spine
52
Q
S1-S5 (back wall of the pelvis) The next five vertebrae are fused together to form the rigid part of the posterior side of the pelvis.
A
Sacral spine
53
Q
The last four vertebrae are fused together and do not have the protrusions characteristic of the other vertebrae.
A
Coccyx
54
Q
The _____, or chest, is composed of the ribs, the _____(breastbone), and the thoracic spine.
A
Thorax / sternum
55
Q
Flat narrow bone in the middle of the anterior chest.
A
Sternum
56
Q
Attached to the superior portion of the sternum
A
Clavicle
57
Q
The superior portion of the sternum
A
Manubrium
58
Q
The inferior portion of the sternum
A
Xiphoid process
59
Q
Doughnut shaped structure that consists of several bones, including the sacrum and coccyx.
A
Pelvis
60
Q
Each side of the pelvis is an______.
A
Iliac crest
61
Q
The anterior and inferior portion of the pelvis.
A
Pubis
62
Q
The posterior and inferior portion of the pelvis.
A
Ischium
63
Q
The limbs of the body, the arms and the legs.
A
Extremities
64
Q
On the lateral aspect of each hip is the hip joint. The joint is made up of the pelvic socket, called the_____, into which fits the rounded top, or head, of the_____(thighbone).
A
Acetabulum / femur
65
Q
The knee joint is protected and stabilized in the front by the____, a small, triangular shaped bone.
A
Patella
66
Q
Weight-bearing bone located at the anterior and medial side of the leg. It's broad upper surface receives the rounded end of the distal femur to form the knee joint. The much smaller end forms the medial malleolus of the ankle.
A
Tibia
67
Q
Attached to the tibia at the top and is located at the lateral side of the leg parallel to the tibia.
A
Fibula
68
Q
Calcaneus
A
Heel bone
69
Q
A group of bones that make up the proximal portion of the foot.
A
Tarsals
70
Q
Form the fingers and toes.
A
Phalanges
71
Q
Scapula
A
Shoulder blade
72
Q
Each clavicle and scapula form a shoulder girdle, the tip of which is called the _____.
A
Acromion
73
Q
The proximal portion of the arm is the ______ the largest bone in the upper extremity.
A
Humerus
74
Q
Radius
A
Lateral bone of the forearm. Located on the thumb side.
75
Q
Ulna
A
The medial bone of the forearm.
Located on the little-finger side.
76
Q
Part of the ulna that forms the bony prominence of the elbow.
A
Olecranon
77
Q
Carpals
A
The wrist - Consists of 8 bones
78
Q
The structural strength of the hand comes from ______.
A
Metacarpals
79
Q
The place where one bone connects to another
A
Joints
80
Q
Bending toward the body or decreasing the angle between the bones or parts of the body.
A
Flexion
81
Q
Straightening away from the body or increasing the angle between the bones or parts of the body.
A
Extension
82
Q
Movement away from the midline.
A
Abduction
83
Q
Movement toward the midline.
A
Adduction
84
Q
A combination of the four preceding motions as is possible with the shoulder joint
A
Circumduction
85
Q
Turing the forearm so the palm of the hand is turned toward the back
A
Pronation
86
Q
Turning the forearm so the palm of the hand is turned toward the front
A
Supination
87
Q
This type of joint permits the widest range of motion/flexion, extension, abduction, and rotation. Examples: joints at the shoulder and hip.
A
Ball-and-socket joint
88
Q
(elbow, knee, and finger) Permit flexion and extension. Elbow joints have forward movement (the anterior bone surfaces approach each other), while knee joints have backward movement (the posterior bone surfaces approach each other).
A
Hinged joint
89
Q
This type of joint allows for a turning motion, and includes the joints between the head and neck at the first and second cervical vertebrae and those in the wrist.
A
Pivot joint
90
Q
Simplest movement between bones; where one bone slides across another to the point where surrounding structures restrict the motion. (Connect the small bones in the hands and feet.)
A
Gliding joint
91
Q
This joint is shaped to permit combinations of limited movements along perpendicular planes. For example, the ankle allows the foot to turn inward slightly as it moves up and down.
A
Saddle joint
92
Q
Modified ball-and-socket joint that permits limited motion in two directions. In the wrist, for example, it allows the hand to move up and down and side to side, but not to rotate completely.
A
Condyloid joint
93
Q
Loss of continuity of the structure of a bone.
A
Fracture
94
Q
Muscles that move blood through the veins, bile from the gallbladder, and food through the digestive tract.
A
Smooth muscle
95
Q
Decreasing the diameter of the vessel. Increases the resistance inside the vessel, making it harder for the blood to pass through, and results in an increase in pressure.
A
Vasoconstriction
96
Q
Increasing the diameter of the vessel. Results in a decrease in the resistance inside the vessel, making it easier for the blood to flow through, and decreasing the pressure.
A
Vasodilation
97
Q
Three types of muscle :
A
Skeletal (voluntary)
Smooth (involuntary)
Cardiac muscle
98
Q
Can be contracted and relaxed by will of the individual. Generally attached at one or both ends to bone by tendons. A few are attached to skin, cartilage, organs (such as the eyeball), or other muscles (such as the tongue).
A
Skeletal muscle (voluntary)
99
Q
Made up of large fibers that carry out the automatic muscular functions of the body through rhythmic, wavelike movements. Move blood through the veins, bile from the gallbladder, and food through the digestive tract.
A
Smooth muscle (involuntary)
100
Q
Found only in the walls of the heart. It has the property of automaticity.
A
Cardiac muscle
101
Q
The basic functions of the respiratory system are :
A
Respiration
Ventilation
Oxygenation and removal of carbon dioxide
Serving as a buffer to maintain a normal acid-based balance
102
Q
Refers to the process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide across membranes, in and out of the alveoli, capillaries, and cells. Deals with the actual gas exchange process.
A
Respiration
103
Q
The form of respiration in which oxygen molecules move across a membrane from an area of high oxygen concentration to an area of low oxygen concentration.
A
Oxygenation
104
Q
The mechanical process by which air is moved in and out of the lungs.
A
Ventilation
105
Q
Oxygen from the air is transported to the blood through the _________.
A
Respiratory system
106
Q
The upper airway consists of the following structures :
A
Nose and mouth
Pharynx
Nasopharynx
Larynx
107
Q
The lower airway is composed of the following structures :
A
Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli
108
Q
From the back of the nose or mouth, the air enters the _______, the common passageway for food and air.
A
Pharynx (throat)
109
Q
The oral portion of the pharynx.
A
Oropharynx
110
Q
Air from the nose enters the nasal portion of the pharynx, or the _______.
A
Nasopharynx
111
Q
At its lower end the pharynx divides into two structures -- the __________, which leads to the stomach, and the _______, which leads to the lungs.
A
Esophagus / Trachea
The trachea is anterior to the esophagus
112
Q
Carries air from the nose and mouth to the lungs.
A
Trachea
113
Q
Houses vocal cords and is commonly called the "voice box."
A
Larynx
114
Q
Anterior cartilage that covers the larynx. Can be easily felt through the skin with your fingertips at the front of the neck.
A
Thyroid cartilage
115
Q
The most inferior part of the larynx. A firm, full ring of cartilage that forms the lower edge of the larynx.
A
Cricoid cartilage
116
Q
The trachea is protected by a small, leaf shaped flap called the_____. Usually, this flap automatically covers the entrance of the larynx during swallowing to keep food and liquid from entering the trachea and lungs.
A
Epiglottis
117
Q
The distal portion of the trachea branches into two main tubes, or____, one branching off to each long.
A
Bronchi
118
Q
Each bronchus divides and subdivides into smaller _______, somewhat like the branches of a tree.
A
Bronchioles
119
Q
At the ends of each bronchioles are thousands of tiny air sacs called____, each enclosed in a network of capillaries (tiny blood vessels). This is the site of gas exchange in the lungs.
A
Alveoli
120
Q
The principal organs of respiration. Two large, lobed organs that house thousands of tiny alveolar sacs responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
A
Lungs
121
Q
A powerful, dome shaped muscle essential to breathing. Also separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
A
Diaphragm
122
Q
A closed system that transports blood to all parts of the body.
A
Circulatory system
123
Q
Highly efficient pump, is a chambered muscular organ that lies within the chest in the thoracic cavity between the two lungs.
A
Heart
124
Q
A double walled sac that encloses the heart, give support, and prevents friction as the heart moves within this protective sac.
A
Pericardium
125
Q
Upper chambers of the heart, called the_____, receives blood from the veins.
A
Atria
126
Q
The lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood out to the arteries.
A
Ventricles
127
Q
The four valves of the heart are:
A
Tricuspid valve
Pulmonary valve
Mitral valve, also known as the bicuspid valve
Aortic valve
128
Q
Tricuspid valve
A
Between the right atrium and the right ventricle
129
Q
Pulmonary valve
A
At the base of the pulmonary artery in the right ventricle
130
Q
Mitral valve, AKA bicuspid valve
A
Between the left atrium and the left ventricle
131
Q
Aortic valve
A
At the base of the aortic artery in the left ventricle
132
Q
Middle layer of muscle, that contracts and eject blood from the heart.
A
Myocardium
133
Q
Carries blood away from the heart.
A
Artery
134
Q
The major artery from the heart, lies in front of the spine and passes through the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
A
Aorta
135
Q
The artery vessels that supply the heart itself with blood.
A
Coronary arteries
136
Q
The arteries that supply the brain and head with blood. Pulsations of these arteries can be felt on either side of the neck.
A
Carotid arteries
137
Q
This artery is the major artery of the thigh and supplies the groin and leg with blood. Pulsations in this artery can be felt in the groin at the crease between the abdomen and the thigh.
A
Femoral arteries
138
Q
Pulsations of this artery, an artery in the foot, can be felt at the top surface of the foot on the big toe side.
A
Dorsalis pedis arteries
139
Q
This artery travels from the calf to the foot. Pulsations of this artery can be felt posterior to the medial malleolus (ankle bone).
A
Posterior tibial arteries
140
Q
This artery is the major artery of the upper arm. It's pulsations can be felt at the front of the elbow (antecubital region) and on the medial arm midway between the shoulder and elbow. This artery is used when determining blood pressure and when assessing a pulse in an infant.
A
Brachial arteries
141
Q
This artery is the major artery of the arm distal to the elbow joint. It's pulsations can be felt proximal to the thumb on the wrist. It is the artery that is usually assessed when taking a persons pulse.
A
Radial arteries
142
Q
These arteries, which originate at the right ventricle of the heart, carry oxygen depleted blood to the lungs, where the blood is oxygenated and returned to the heart for circulation throughout the body. The only artery that carry deoxygenated, or oxygen depleted, blood.
A
Pulmonary arteries
143
Q
The smallest kind of artery. Carry blood from the arteries into the capillaries.
A
Arteriole
144
Q
A tiny blood vessel that connects the arteriole to a venule. Has walls that allow for the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste at the cellular level.
A
Capillaries
145
Q
The smallest branch of the veins, is connected to the distal ends of capillaries.
A
Venule
146
Q
Carries blood back to the heart. All except the pulmonary; Carry oxygen depleted blood.
A
Veins
147
Q
Carries oxygen depleted blood back to the right atrium, where it begins circulation through the heart and lungs.
A
Venae cavae
148
Q
Enters the top of the right atrium, carrying oxygen depleted blood from the upper body.
A
Superior vena cava
149
Q
Enters the bottom of the right atrium, carrying oxygen depleted blood from the lower body
A
Inferior vena cava
150
Q
Carry oxygen rich blood from the lungs to the left atrium. They are the only veins that carry oxygenated blood.
A
Pulmonary veins
151
Q
Give the blood it's color, carry oxygen to the body cells, and carry carbon dioxide away from the cells.
A
Red blood cells
152
Q
Blood cell that is part of the bodies immune system and help to defend against infection.
A
White blood cells
153
Q
_______ and other clotting factors are essential to the formation of blood clots, necessary to stop bleeding.
A
Platelets
154
Q
The liquid part of the blood, which carries blood cells and transports nutrients to all tissues. Also transports waste products to organs where they can be excreted from the body.
A
Plasma
155
Q
When the left ventricle contracts, sending a wave of blood through the arteries, the____, or wave of propelled blood, can be felt at various points called_________.
A
Pulse / pulse points
156
Q
A pulse felt on the left side of the chest over the left ventricle.
A
Apical
157
Q
The force exerted by the blood on the interior walls of the arteries.
A
Blood pressure
158
Q
Pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle contracts.
A
Systolic blood pressure
159
Q
Pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle is at rest, or between contractions.
A
Diastolic blood pressure
160
Q
The force exerted on the inside of the vessel walls as a result of blood pressure and volume.
A
Hydrostatic pressure
161
Q
Swelling occurring in the tissues.
A
Edema
162
Q
The delivery of oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients to the cells of all organ systems, and the elimination of carbon dioxide and other waste products, which results from the constant adequate circulation of blood through the capillaries.
A
Perfusion
163
Q
Shock, or________, is the insufficient supply of oxygen and other nutrients to some of the body's cells and the inadequate elimination of carbon dioxide and other wastes that result from inadequate circulation of blood.
A
Hypoperfusion
164
Q
The two most important gases the EMT is concerned with are :
A
Oxygen and carbon dioxide
165
Q
Carbon dioxide is transported away from the cell and blown off by the lungs. This kind of metabolism is known as_________.
A
Aerobic metabolism. Aerobic means "with oxygen." Metabolism refers to chemical and physical changes that take place within the cell.
166
Q
The process of metabolizing glucose without producing much energy is known as________.
A
Anaerobic metabolism. Anaerobic means "without oxygen."
167
Q
Controls voluntary and involuntary activity of the human body. Nerves carry impulses from tissues and organs to the nerve centers, and from nerve centers to other tissues and organs.
A
Nervous system
168
Q
Consists of the brain, which is located within the cranium, and the spinal cord, which is located within the spinal column.
A
Central nervous system
169
Q
Three main subdivisions of the brain :
A
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brainstem
170
Q
The outermost portion of the brain, occupies nearly all the cranial cavity. It controls specific body functions, such as sent station, thought, and associative memory. It also initiates and manages motions that are the conscious control of the individual
A
Cerebrum
171
Q
Also called the "small brain," is located in the posterior and inferior aspect of the cranium. It coordinates muscle activity and maintains balance through impulses from the eyes and the ears. Though it cannot initiate a muscle contraction, they can hold muscles in a state of partial contraction.
A
The cerebellum
172
Q
Contains the mesencephalon, the pond, and the medulla oblongata.
A
Brainstem
173
Q
The Medela oblongata consists of three major control centers:
A
The respiratory center
The cardiac center
The vasomotor center
174
Q
Controls the rate and depth of respiration
A
Respiratory center
175
Q
Responsible for regulating the heart rate and force of contraction of the ventricles.
A
Cardiac center
176
Q
Controls blood pressure, which produces dilation and constriction of the blood vessels.
A
Vasomotor center
177
Q
Composed of the nerves located outside the spinal cord and brain.
A
Peripheral nervous system
178
Q
_______nerves carries sensory information from the body to the spinal cord and brain.
A
Afferent
179
Q
_______ nerves Carrie motor information from the brain and spinal cord to the body.
A
Efferent
180
Q
Influences the activity of skeletal muscle and movements.
A
Voluntary nervous system
181
Q
Influences the activities of smooth muscles and glands. Is partially independent of the rest of the nervous system.
A
Automatic nervous system
182
Q
The nervous system activated when the body is challenged by stressors: trauma, blood loss, fright, and so on. It's actions are commonly known as the fight or flight response.
A
Sympathetic nervous system
183
Q
Nervous system that returns body processes to normal or depresses body function.
A
Parasympathetic nervous system
184
Q
Two components of the nervous system that controls the consciousness are:
A
Cerebral hemispheres and the reticular activating system (RAS)
185
Q
Made up of ductless glands, the bodies regulators. Secretions from these glands are called hormones, chemical substances that have effects on the activity of certain organs.
A
Endocrine system
186
Q
Located in the anterior neck, Regulates metabolism, growth and development, and the activity of the nervous system.
A
Thyroid gland
187
Q
Behind the thyroid, produces A hormone necessary for the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the bones.
A
Parathyroid glands
188
Q
Sits atop the kidneys, secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine, Postpone muscle fatigue, increase the storage of sugar, control kidney function, and regulate the metabolism of salt and water.
A
Adrenal glands
189
Q
Produce the hormones that govern reproduction and sex characteristics.
A
The gonads (ovaries and testes)
190
Q
In the pancreas, make insulin, which allows glucose to enter cells, and also produce glucagon, a hormone that raises the glucose level in the blood.
A
Islets of langerhans
191
Q
At the base of the brain, is considered to be the "master gland." It regulates growth, the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the gonads, metabolism of fatty acids and some basic proteins, blood sugar reactions, and urinary excretion.
A
Pituitary gland
192
Q
Its effects cause the vessels to constrict. The vessels of the skin are significantly affected. Blood is shunted to the core of the body. Causes the skin to become cool and pale. Also causes the sweat glands to release sweat.
A
Alpha 1
193
Q
Effects are thought to regulate the release of alpha 1
A
Alpha 2
194
Q
Effects cause smooth muscle to dilate, especially in the bronchioles and in some vessels.
A
Beta 2
195
Q
Used to treat patients with severe allergic reactions to combat the problems found in the condition, primarily vasodilation and bronchoconstriction.
A
Epinephrine
196
Q
The skin has three layers:
A
The epidermis
The dermis
Subcutaneous layer
197
Q
Outer most layer of skin, is actually composer of four layers of cells.
A
Epidermis
198
Q
Second layer of the skin, much thicker than the epidermis. Contains the vast network of blood vessels that supply the skin as well as the hair follicles, oil glands, sweat glands, and sensory nerves. Gives the skin it's elasticity and strength.
A
Dermis
199
Q
Just below the dermis is a layer of fatty tissue called the _______.
A
Subcutaneous layer
200
Q
The four accessory structures of the skin are:
A
Hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands.
201
Q
Composed of alimentary tract (the passage through which food travels) and the accessory organs (organs that help prepare food for absorption and use by tissues of the body).
A
Digestive system
202
Q
Large, hollow organ, that is the main organ of the digestive system.
A
The stomach
203
Q
Flat, solid organ that lies just inferior and posterior to the stomach. It's secretes pancreatic juices that eight in the digestion of fats, starches, and proteins. The islets of Langerhans, produce the insulin that regulates the amount of sugar in the blood stream.
A
The pancreas
204
Q
The largest solid organ in the abdomen, lies immediately beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity. Produces bile, which aids in the digestion of fat. It's Doris sugar until they are needed by the body. It also produces components necessary for immune function, blood clotting, and the production of plasma. Finally, the toxic substances produced by digestion are rendered harmless in the_______.
A
The liver
205
Q
A solid organ located in the left upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity. It helps in the filtration of blood and, because it contains a dense network of blood vessels, serves as a reservoir of blood the body can use in emergencies such as hemorrhage. Although it lives among the digestive organs, the _______ has no digestive function.
A
The spleen
206
Q
Hollow pouch. Part of the bile duct leading from the liver, acts as a reservoir for bile. When food enters the small intestine, contractions are stimulated that empty the ________ into the small intestine, where the bile aids in the digestion of fat.
A
Gallbladder
207
Q
Receives food from the stomach and secretions from the pancreas and liver. Digestion of food continues, where food is completely broken down into a form that can be used by the body. Nutrients are absorbed through the walls and circulated through the bloodstream to all parts of the body.
A
The small intestine
208
Q
Also called the colon. The parts of food that cannot be absorbed by the body are passed as waste products from the small intestine. As these waste products move through, their water is absorbed. What remains is the stool that is then passed through the rectum and the anus.
A
The large intestine
209
Q
The ____ process includes chewing, swallowing, peristalsis (The rhythmic movement of matter through the digestive tract), and defecation (The elimination of digestive wastes).
A
Mechanical
210
Q
The ____ process of digestion occurs when enzymes, or digestive juices, break foods down into simple components that can be absorbed and used by the body.
A
Chemical
211
Q
filters and excretes waste from the blood.
A
Urinary system or renal system
212
Q
effects all relate to the heart. they increase the heart rate, increase force of cardiac contraction, and speed up the electrical impulses traveling down the hearts conduction system
A
beta 1

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):