Chapter 27 - Trauma Overview: The Trauma Patient and the Trauma System Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 27 - Trauma Overview: The Trauma Patient and the Trauma System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 27 - Trauma Overview: The Trauma Patient and the Trauma System Deck (26):
1

the science of analyzing MoI

kinetics of trauma

2

the branch of mechanics dealing with the motions of material bodies.

kinetics

3

mass (wieght) x velocity (speed) ²

__________________________ =

2

kinetic energy

(weight in lbs)

(speed in ft per second)

4

a body at rest will remain at rest, and a body in motion will remain in motion, unless acted upon by an outside force.

law of inertia

5

vehicular collision - three impacts:

vehicle

body

organ

6

Rupture of the lungs that occurs as the chest meets with blunt trauma after taking a deep breath, usually during a motor vehicle crash.

paper bag injury

7

injury where the neck is hyperextended and the anterior spinal ligaments are often stretched or torn

whiplash

8

SCIWORA

spinal

chord

injury

with

out

radiologic

abnormality

9

a fall of ____ ft for an adult is considered severe

20ft

10

a fall of _____ft, or 2-3x the height of the child is considered severe

10ft

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a fracture of the wrist bone is known as _______

colles or "silver fork"

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the path or motion of a projectile during its travel.

trajectory

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the way energy is transferred to the human body from the force acting on it

dissipation of energy

14

factors that slow a bullet down, such as wind resistance.

drag

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the impact point of the bullet. the greater the size of the impact point, the more energy is transferred

profile

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the cavity in the body tissues formed by a pressure wave resulting from the kinetic energy of the bullet

cavitation

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a bullet that breaks up into small pieces or releases small pieces upon impact that increases body damage these pieces are called _______.

fragmentation

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every explosion has three phases:

primary

secondary

tertiary

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explosion injuries phase -
due to the pressure wave. these injuries primarily affect the gas-containing organs, such as lungs, stomach, intestines, inner ears, and sinuses. severe damage and death may occur from this phase without any external sign of injury.

primary phase

20

explosion injuries phase -
due to flying debris propelled by the force of the blast, or blast wind. the injuries of this phase are obvious. most common are lacerations, impaled objects, fractures, and burns.

secondary phase

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explosion injuries phase -
occur when the patient is thrown away from the source of the blast. injuries are much the same as you would expect from ejection from a vehicle. the pattern is dependent on the distance thrown and the point of impact.

tertiary

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trauma center that can manage all types of trauma 24hrs a day, 7 days a week.

level 1 - regional trauma center

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trauma center that can manage most trauma with surgical capabilities 24hrs a day, 7 days a week. they are capable of stabilizing more specialized trauma patients and then transferring them to a level 1 center

level 2 - area trauma center

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trauma center that has some surgical capability and specially trained emergency department personnel to manage trauma. this type of center focuses on stabilizing the seriously injured trauma patient and then transferring to a higher-level center

level 3 - community trauma center

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trauma facility that is typically a small community hospital in a remote area capable of stabilizing seriously injured trauma patients and then transferring them to a higher-level trauma center

level 4 trauma facility

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specialty trauma centers may include:

1

2

3

4

5

neurocenters

burn centers

spinal cord injury centers

peds trauma centers

limb reimplantation centers

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):