Chapter 28 - Occupational Toxicology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28 - Occupational Toxicology Deck (41):
0

Dose in an occupational setting is a function of...

A. Exposure concentration

B. exposure frequency

C. Exposure duration

D. All of the above

D. All of the above

1

All of the following are determinants of an inhalation exposure except...

A. Tidal volume

B. respiratory rate

C. Blood pressure

D. Airborne concentration


D. Airborne concentration

C. Blood pressure

2

All of the following are determinants of a skin exposure except...

A. Region of skin exposed

B. respiratory rate

C. Surface area exposed

D. Preexisting skin disease

B. respiratory rate

3

An occupational exposure limit that is averaged over an 8 hr workday 5 day workweek is...

A. TLV-TWA

B. TLV-STEL

C. TLV-C

D. TLV-OEL

A. TLV-TWA

4

An occupational exposure limit for a 15 min period is...

A. TLV TWA

B. TLV STEL

C. TLV C

D. TLV OEL

B. TLV STEL

5

Occupational asthma is highest in..

A. Construction workers

B. Farmers

C. General merchandise workers

D. Lifeguards

C. General merchandise workers

6

All of the following are true regarding biological monitoring of exposed workers except...

A. It can be used to test the efficiency of PPE

B. it is more directly related to adverse health effects than environmental monitoring

C. It accts for uptake by all exposure routes

D. It is generally less expensive and less invasive than environmental monitoring

D. It is generally less expensive and less invasive than environmental monitoring

7

All of the following are disadvantages of biological monitoring except...

A. It is not useful for dermally corrosive agents

B. it is limited to urine testing

C. It is not useful for primary lung irritants

D. It is not useful for assessing damage from peak effect chemicals

B. it is limited to urine testing

8

Para-aminophenol is a urine biomarker for exposure to...

A. Aniline

B. benzene

C. Styrene

D. Phenol

A. Aniline

9

Urine oxalic acid is a biomarker for exposure to...

A. Trichloroethylene

B. ethylene glycol

C. Isopropyl alcohol

D, allyl alchohol

B. ethylene glycol

10

An occupational exposure limit that should never be exceeded is...

A. TLV TWA

B. TLV STEL

C. TLV C

D. TLV OEL

C. TLV C

11

Silica and asbestos are asso w/ ...

A. Renal carcinoma

B. asthma

C. Fibrotic lung disease

D. Nasal carcinoma

C. Fibrotic lung disease

12

Both coal dust and cigarette smoke are asso w/ ...

A. Emphysema

B. non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

C. Bladder carcinoma

D. Soft tissue sarcoma

A. Emphysema

13

Carbon monoxide has been asso w/...

A. Asthma and multiple sclerosis

B. asphyxiation and Parkinson's disease

C. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis and hemolysis

D. Nasal polyps and peripheral neuropathy

B. asphyxiation and Parkinson's disease

14

Thermophilic bacteria have been asso w/...

A. Toxic shock syndrome

B.Steven-Johnson syndrome

C. Encephalitis

D. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

D. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

15

Chronic bronchospasm after a single high-dose exposure to a chemical respiratory irritant is termed...

A. Occupational asthma

B. HP

C. Reactive airway disease

D. Allergic alveolitis

C. Reactive airway disease

16

A chemical in epoxy resins asso w/ pulmonary hemorrage-anemia syndrome in workers is...

A. Sodium sulfate

B. trimellitic anhydride

C. Propylene glycol

D. Butter yellow

B. trimellitic anhydride

17

An aerosol of liquid particles is called...

A. Mist

B. Fume

C. Gas

D. Dust

A. Mist

18

All of the following are considered simple asphyxiants except...

A. Acetylene

B. Oxygen

C. Hydrogen

D. Nitrogen

B. Oxygen

19

Dust from the earth's crust is mostly deposited in...

A. Upper airways

B. medium airways

C. Lower airways

D. Pulmonary artery

A. Upper airways

20

All of the following are common components of smoke from industrial fires except...

A. CO

B. particulate matter

C. Styrene

D. Formaldehyde

C. Styrene

21

A problem with collecting air samples in evacuated containers is...

A. Samples can react or degrade in short period

B. Temp diffs can interfere w/ results

C. Heavier gases cannot be completely removed from container

D. All of the above

A. Samples can react or degrade in short period

22

All of the following are media for the collection of gases except...

A. Charcoal

B. Silica gel

C. Calcium carbonate

D. GC column material

C. Calcium carbonate

23

A simple and useful device to detect toxic gases in occupational settings is...

A. Gas chromatograph

B. LC

C. Liquid media collector

D. Color-changing badge

24

Chlorine is asso w/ ...

A. Water treatment workers

B. arc welders and printers

C. Tear gas

D. Fumigant applicators

A. Water treatment workers

25

Phosgene is asso w/ ...

A. Tear gas

B. sewage and manure workers

C. Pesticide manufacturing, welding

D. Gas sterilizing systems

C. Pesticide manufacturing, welding

26

Ozone is asso w/...

A. Beer and wine fermentation

B. arc welders and printers

C. Agricultural workers

D. Smoke bombs

B. arc welders and printers

27

Ethylene oxide is asso w/ ...

A. Pesticide manufacture

B. fumigant applicators

C. Microelectronics industry

D. Gas sterilizing systems

D. Gas sterilizing systems

28

Formaldehyde is asso w/...

A. Furniture manufacturers

B. sewage and manure workers

C. Water treatment workers

D. Fumigant applicators

A. Furniture manufacturers

29

Nitrogen dioxide is asso w/

A. Beer and wine fermentation

B. microelectronics industry

C. Gas sterilizing systems

D. Agricultural workers

D. Agricultural workers

30

Ammonia is asso w/ ...

A. Sewage and manure workers

B. fertilizer manufacturing

C, fumigant applicators

D. Furniture manufacturers

B. fertilizer manufacturing

31

Arsine is asso w/ ...

A. Food poisioning

B. glass etching

C. Microelectronics industry

D. Agricultural workers

C. Microelectronics industry

32

Methyl bromide is asso w/ ...

A. Inert gas simple asphyxiant

B. fumigant applicators

C. Arc welders and printers

D. Microelectronic industry

B. fumigant applicators

33

Chloroacetophenone is asso w/ ...

A. Tear gas

B. agricultural workers

C. Food poisoning

D. Smoke bombs

A. Tear gas

34

Zinc chloride is asso w/ ...

A. Pesticide manufacturing

B. water treatment workers

C. Microelectronics industry

D. Smoke bombs

D. Smoke bombs

35

Hydrogen sulfide is asso w/ ...

A. Smoke bombs

B. sewage and manure workers

C. Fertilizer manufacturing

D. Food poisioning

A. Smoke bombs

36

Methane is asso w/ ...

A. fertilizer manufacture

B. sewage and manure workers

C. Simple asphyxiant in coal mines

D. Beer and wine fermentation

C. Simple asphyxiant in coal mines

37

Argon is asso w/ ....

A. Glass etching

B. gas sterilizing systems

C. Tear gas

D. Inert gas asphyxiant

D. Inert gas asphyxiant

38

Hydrofluric acid is asso w/ ...

A. Glass etching

B. sewage and manure workers

C. Microelectronics industry

D. Tear gas

A. Glass etching

39

CO is asso w/ ...

A. Simple asphyxiant in coal mines

B. smoke bombs

C. Gas sterilizing systems

D. Food poisoning

D. Food poisoning

40

CO2 is asso w/ ...

A. Beer and wine fermentation

B. fumigant applicators

C. Simple asphyxiant in coal mines

D. Arc welders and printers

A. Beer and wine fermentation