Chapter 34: Patients with Special Challenges Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 34: Patients with Special Challenges Deck (18):
1

Developmental disabilities may be caused by which of the following?
- genetics
- infection
- prenatal drug abuse
- all of the above

- all of the above

2

When approaching a developmentally disabled patient, the best plan of action is to:

approach the patient the same way you would any other patient

3

When caring for a visually impaired patient, you should:

always tell the patient what is happening

4

Which of the following is helpful when working with patients who are hearing impaired?
- Speak slowly and distinctly.
- Have a team member with a low-pitched voice speak with the patient.
- Use the "reverse stethoscope" technique.
- all of the above

all of the above

5

Which of the following statements is true regarding patients with cerebral palsy?

patients with cp are not necessarily mentally disabled

6

When treating a patient with spina bifida, it is important that you:

us latex free products to treat the patient

7

The term obese is used when a patient is _________ over his or her ideal weight.

20-30%

8

The DOPE mnemonic is used when assessing patients with:

a tracheostomy tube

9

____
1. Patients often have large tongues and small oral and nasal cavities.
2. Intubation may be difficult.

Down syndrome

10

______
1. May be difficult to recognize
2. Look for the presence of eyeglasses, a cane, or a service dog.
3. Make yourself known when you enter the room.
4. Introduce yourself and others in the room so that the patient can identify their placement and voices.

Visual impairment

11

_____
1. May range from a slight hearing loss to total deafness
2. Signs
a. Presence of hearing aids
b. Poor pronunciation of words
c. Failure to respond

Hearing impairment

12

______
1. Patients may have unsteady gait and require wheelchair or walker.
2. Associated conditions
a. Visual and hearing impairments
b. Difficulty communicating
c. Epilepsy
d. Mental retardation

Cerebral palsy

13

________
1. Partial or full paralysis of the lower extremities
2. Loss of bowel and bladder control
3. Extreme latex allergy

Spina bifida patients

14

______
1. May be embarrassed by their condition
2. May be fearful of ridicule as a result of past experiences
3. If transport is necessary, plan early for extra help.
4. Send a team member to find the easiest and safest exit.

Bariatric patients

15

Special medical equipment that takes over the function of either one or both heart ventricles

left ventricular assist device

16

tubes that extend from the brain to the abdomen to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid

shunts

17

Why are the limbs of cerebral palsy patients prone to injury?

The limbs are often underdeveloped.

18

Describe when left ventricular assist devices are used.

As a bridge to heart transplantation while a donor heart is being located