Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
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31

How would ladies dress?

They would wear
➰long expensive silk dresses
➰strange looking headdresses which completely covered their hair

32

Who were the fighters or men-at-arms?

➰Fighters or men-at-arms were always ready to come to the lords aid at short notice

➰the men-at-arms consisted of;
-archers (armed with bows and arrows)
-watchmen (kept permanent watch from the castle towers)
-knights (fought horseback and the most trained and skilled)

33

Keypoints on lord and lady of the castle

-estate steward
-rents
-bailiffs
-fines

-judge
-local disputes
-disobeyed laws/rules

-banquets
-swan
-peacock
-spices
-table
-trenchers
-platters

-hunting
-hawking
-deer, wild boar, foxes
-horseback
-foot or using birds of prey

-arranged marriages
-domestic duties
-in charge of castle when lords away
-salting of foods
-upbringing of children
-ladies in waiting helped
-not their children-fosterage

-hawking with Falcons
-musical instruments
-chess
-embroidery
-headdresses

34

How long could it take to become a fully trained knight?

Up to 15years

35

What were the stages of becoming a knight?

1) page (learnt good manners in a castle as servants. Read & write, basic fighting skills using wooden swords and shields )

2) squire (accompanied a fully trained knight, learnt to fight with real weapons, responsible knights horse and armour)

3) knight (about 7 years later if the squire was a skilful and rave warrior the king or local lord knighted him)

36

What had to take place for a squire to become a knight?

➰If the local lord or king thought he was skilful and brave as a squire they knighted him.
➰knighting of a squire at a ceremony called and accolade
➰squire spent night before in a church paying he would never fail his duties
➰dressed in a red robe, white tunic and a black jacket on the morning of the ceremony
➰knelt before the lord for his dubbing
➰lord tapped squires shoulders with a sword and then presented it to him

37

Did all knights have to go through such a long process to become a knight?

No. On some occasions a squire or other men-at-arms could be knighted then and there on the battlefield as a reward for an act of bravery

38

Describe the knights armour.

➰chain mail ( thousands of small iron rings linked together to make a shirt)

➰plate armour (metal plate)

➰helmet on their head and metal gloves called gaunlets

39

How did knights keep fit?

Participated in competitions called tournaments
Mock battles called mêlées

40

What was the most popular contest at the tournaments?

Jousting - two knights on horseback charged ta each other on either side of a fence called a tilt. The aim was to unseat your rival by knocking em off their horse with a large wooden pole called a lance

41

What was expected of a knight?

➰good manners known as chivalry
➰brave
➰generous
➰loyal
➰courteous to woman

42

What percentage of europeans lived in the country side in the middle ages?

70%

43

Where did most people who lived in the countryside live?

Small villages owned by the local lord called manors

44

What was the lord who owned the manor called?

The lord of the manor

45

What was a demesne?

The lord usually rented most of his lands to the peasants in the village but the land he kept for his own private farm was known as a demesne

46

About how many huts did each manor have for peasants?

20 or 30

47

Where did the lord of the manor live?

The manor house. There was also a church

48

What was the open field system?

The open field system was when the peasants rented land form the lord. The lord would divide his three fields into one acre strips. The peasants were given separate strips of land from each field. This was to ensure that good and bad land was shared evenly. Crops were rotated fields each year. One field was called a fallow and left free of growing for a year to rest the land. The other fields were used for wheat and bailey

49

What was common land?

A small patch if land in the manor where peasants could graze their animals

50

What was the difference between a serf and a freeman?

A freeman and a serf were both peasants however a freeman was free to leave the village as he pleased and a serf was tied to the land. A serf could become a freeman by escaping and remaining at large for a year and a day

51

What is another word for a manor?

A grange

52

In return for land from the lord of the manor what do serfs do?

He could;
➰Work on the lord of the manors land
➰lend him animals

53

What did a serf have to do for the upkeep of the church?

Give a tenth of his crops to the parish priest- this is called the tithe

54

What work does a peasant in a manor do?

➰sow seed
➰cute the grass
➰make hay for livestock

55

What type of work does a woman peasant do living in a manor village?

They might;
➰grow vegetables
➰make butter and cheese
➰spinning wool

56

What did a male serf wear?

➰cloth tunic
➰leather boots
➰felt hat

57

What did women peasants wear?

A woollen dress and a wimple (linen cloth wrapped around head and neck)

58

Describe a serfs cottage?

➰one room
➰wattle and daub
➰no glass in windows
➰share a house with animals

59

What did peasants living in a manor eat?

Cooked on an open fire.
Bread, porridge and pottage (veg stew) washed down by beer

60

What is pottage?

A vegetable stew eaten by peasants living in a manor village