Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
What were the 2 main festivals?
Christmas and 1st May
What happens if you break the law in the manor village?
If you break the law an animal is taken from you and put in an enclosure called a pound until the fine is paid
What did peasants do for pastimes on Sundays and holidays?
➰wrestling and cockfighting and a fair once a year
What grew close to castles?
Did those living in towns have to pay rent to the lord of the castle?
Yes , but unlike a serf they were free to travel and did not work for the lord and could choose their own way of living
Name some defensive features of a medieval town?
➰large walk with battlements
➰entrance gates defended by sentries
➰town gates closed at night
How did a town council come about?
The powerful merchants paid the lord to hand over power to a town council under the control of a mayor.
What is a charter?
A list of rules set in a medieval town. Anyone selling goods in the town had to pay a toll
What were the conditions of a medieval town?
-busy, smelly, noisy
-no sewage system
-rubbish and waste piled up in a drain on the road
-disease was rampant , many rats
What was a constance danger in the medieval towns?
Fire and disease
Whats a curfew?
A rule in medieval towns where all fires had to be extinguished properly
When did the great fire of london take place?
Sunday, 2nd September 1666
How did the great fire of london start?
A baker in pudding lane failed to extinguish his fire in the bakery and it spread all round the town
How long did the great fire of London last for?
Four days and four nights
How many houses were destroyed in the great fire of london?
13,000 houses were deystroyed
How many people were killed in the great fire of london?
Miraculously no one !
Who were the two most important people in the towns?
Merchants and craftsmen
How did merchants become rich?
From selling goods and trade
What did merchants sell?
Wool, iron, and exotic goods such as spices
What were most houses in medieval towns like?
Name some craftsmen?
All craft workers in medieval towns stuck together eg butchers, bakers
How did a craftsmen become a craftsmen?
1) became a masters apprentice living in his house
2) then became a journeyman after 7 years of training and he could do a days work pay for anyone
3) when a journeyman wanted to become a master(craftsman) he made an example of his work called a masterpiece and if the other master craftsmen thought that it was of an excellent standard he became a master craftsman and was free to open his own shop
1) maters apprentice
3) master craftsman
What was guild?
A group of craftsmen who set down their own rules for the trade to remain a high standard
What type of rules would a guild set down?
-no one allowed to work before sunrise or after dark
-close after dinner on Saturday
-remain closed on Sundays and feast days
-prices were fixed to stop underselling
Who paid the guilds?
The craftsmen paid a yearly fee to them
What were the punishments for thieves and murderers?
Went on trial , if found guilty immediately hanged
How were peope in medieval towns punished for non murder and theif crimes?
Humiliated publicly eg dunking chair and scold bridle
What would happen A butcher who sold rotten meat or a baker who sold stale bread?
They could be forced to spend a day in the pillory or stock to face public ridicule