Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - The Middle Ages Deck (155)
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What were the 2 main festivals?

Christmas and 1st May


What happens if you break the law in the manor village?

If you break the law an animal is taken from you and put in an enclosure called a pound until the fine is paid


What did peasants do for pastimes on Sundays and holidays?

➰wrestling and cockfighting and a fair once a year


What grew close to castles?

Medieval towns


Did those living in towns have to pay rent to the lord of the castle?

Yes , but unlike a serf they were free to travel and did not work for the lord and could choose their own way of living


Name some defensive features of a medieval town?

➰large walk with battlements
➰entrance gates defended by sentries
➰town gates closed at night


How did a town council come about?

The powerful merchants paid the lord to hand over power to a town council under the control of a mayor.


What is a charter?

A list of rules set in a medieval town. Anyone selling goods in the town had to pay a toll


What were the conditions of a medieval town?

-busy, smelly, noisy
-no sewage system
-rubbish and waste piled up in a drain on the road
-disease was rampant , many rats


What was a constance danger in the medieval towns?

Fire and disease


Whats a curfew?

A rule in medieval towns where all fires had to be extinguished properly


When did the great fire of london take place?

Sunday, 2nd September 1666


How did the great fire of london start?

A baker in pudding lane failed to extinguish his fire in the bakery and it spread all round the town


How long did the great fire of London last for?

Four days and four nights


How many houses were destroyed in the great fire of london?

13,000 houses were deystroyed


How many people were killed in the great fire of london?

Miraculously no one !


Who were the two most important people in the towns?

Merchants and craftsmen


How did merchants become rich?

From selling goods and trade


What did merchants sell?

Wool, iron, and exotic goods such as spices


What were most houses in medieval towns like?

-timber frames
-thick plaster


Name some craftsmen?




All craft workers in medieval towns stuck together eg butchers, bakers


How did a craftsmen become a craftsmen?

1) became a masters apprentice living in his house
2) then became a journeyman after 7 years of training and he could do a days work pay for anyone
3) when a journeyman wanted to become a master(craftsman) he made an example of his work called a masterpiece and if the other master craftsmen thought that it was of an excellent standard he became a master craftsman and was free to open his own shop

1) maters apprentice
2) journeyman
3) master craftsman


What was guild?

A group of craftsmen who set down their own rules for the trade to remain a high standard


What type of rules would a guild set down?

-no one allowed to work before sunrise or after dark
-close after dinner on Saturday
-remain closed on Sundays and feast days
-prices were fixed to stop underselling


Who paid the guilds?

The craftsmen paid a yearly fee to them


What were the punishments for thieves and murderers?

Went on trial , if found guilty immediately hanged


How were peope in medieval towns punished for non murder and theif crimes?

Humiliated publicly eg dunking chair and scold bridle


What would happen A butcher who sold rotten meat or a baker who sold stale bread?

They could be forced to spend a day in the pillory or stock to face public ridicule


What happened in medieval towns when a curfew bell rang?

All good townspeople were in their houses for the night and the gates were locked. Anyone found outside would be challenged to a night watchman. Everyone in the town had a duty to raise a hue and cry if they saw a crime being commited