Flashcards in Digestive System** Deck (68)
Breaks down starch during mechanical digestion
Where is amylase found?
What helps with mechanical digestion?
Series of muscular contractions
Mixing food with saliva
Watery mixture of stomach fluids and food
Kills bacteria and activates pepsin
Helps to break down protein
What 2 things does the stomach absorb?
Water and alcohol
The stomach is a common site for this disease
What are the 3 parts of the small intestine?
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Finger like projections in the small intestine
Keeps the small intestines together
What are the functions of the small intestine?
Chemical digestion and absorption
Also known as the colon
What are the 4 parts of the colon?
Ascending, traverse, descending, rectal
What is the function of the large intestine?
Removal of water form waste material
Not enough removal of water from waste
Too much water removed from waste
What accessory organ produces bile?
What does bile break down?
Fat, carbs, proteins, detoxes alcohol
What does the pancreas secrete?
Insulin and pancreatic juices
What is the function of the pancreas?
Produce insulin to regulate blood sugar levels, produce pancreatic juices to break down nutrients, produce sodium bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid
Breaking food down into simpler chemicals
Breaking larger pieces into smaller pieces without changing the chemical composition
What are the 4 layers of the alimentary canal?
Mucosa, submucosa, muscular, serosa
How many primary teeth are there?
How many secondary teeth are there?
What are teeth made of?
Enamel, dentin, pulp, cementum, nerves, blood vessels